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London, United Kingdom

Niazi Y.,Payame Noor University | Naderi Q.,judiciary | Naderi G.,Payame Noor University
Life Science Journal

Some jurisprudents have described instances Described instances for corruption on earth. It is meant to eliminate waste and corruption. The term "corruption on earth" can mean the degradation and destruction of the land is used. in this study, the definition of the word, and so have dealt with corruption on earth. Then we give examples of corruption on earth, including repetition and habit of killing dhimmis, repeat the crime of stealing the shroud and exhumation; fire, throw in another home;kidnapping of property by deception and false document;sorcerer and his mass murder, crime, drug use, and what is causing the decliner or wisdom;iterations of imprisonment penalties, they are. And the two elements of the crime of corruption on earth we have. Lawyers and jurists of this research is to identify the crimes that corruption on earth, it may help. Source

Taghaddosinejad F.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Sheikhazadi A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Behnoush B.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Reshadati J.,judiciary | Anary S.H.S.,Kerman Medical University
Acta Medica Iranica

To identify the characteristics of completed suicide by burning in Tehran. A retrospective analysis of data obtained from Tehran's Legal Medicine Organization and judiciary system over 5-years (from 2002 to 2006). During the 5 years, 374 decedents (64.2% female and 35.8% male) were diagnosed as suicide by self-burning, and the annual incidence rate was 0.9 per 100,000 general population-years. The most at risk group was young females. Sixty-five decedents (17.4%) had died at the scene of incidents. The location at the time of attempted suicide in all female victims and 75.4% of male decedents was home. Sixty-one percent of decedents were married and 26.2% of them had no education. Most victims were residents of suburban areas. The annual incidence rate of self-burning suicide in Tehran was found to be lower than other Iran's geographic areas, although it was higher than developed countries. Self-burning was more frequent in females than in males and was noted mainly in young age groups' residents of suburban areas with low level of education. These characteristics suggest that social factors are the main drive leading to an unacceptably high rate of suicide by self-burning among women in Tehran. © 2010 Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Source

Van Opijnen M.,judiciary
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications

Case law is cited by various types of identifiers: neutral citation numbers, vendor specific identifiers, triples of court name, judgment date and case number, in all possible combinations and spelling variants. Such diversity hinders the development of citation indexes, proper hyperlinking and statistical analysis. This paper discusses a solution to recognize, normalize and deduplicate case law citations in unstructured documents. © 2010 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved. Source

Van Opijnen M.,judiciary
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications

Could legal importance of a judicial decision be established by analyzing its position in a case law citation network? A network of nearly half a million citations was used to test a great variety of social network algorithms against three external benchmarks. All these algorithms were outperformed by a tailored variant of degree centrality. Furthermore, regression analysis was used to explore the possible relevance of eleven variables to the legal importance of case law. © 2012 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved. Source

Van Opijnen M.,judiciary
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications

This paper sets the attention on the recent initiative of the EU Council of Ministers inviting the introduction of the European Case law identifier (ECLI) and a minimum set of uniform metadata for case law, as an indispensable asset for legal information retrieval. After considering public access to case law in general, the paper discusses the need for a European system for the identification of judicial decisions and the rationale behind the basic components of the chosen solution. Features, benefits and future applications of ECLI are outlined together with the need for national implementation of such standard. © 2011 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved. Source

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