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Aggarwal P.K.,Institute of Wood Science and Technology | Chauhan S.,Institute of Wood Science and Technology | Raghu N.,Institute of Wood Science and Technology | Karmarkar S.,JSS Research Foundation | Shashidhar G.M.,Institute of Wood Science and Technology
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites | Year: 2013

Bio-based fibers (wood and bamboo)-filled high-density polyethylene composites were prepared in a twin-screw extruder using two types of coupling agents: maleated polyethylene and glycidyl methacrylate-grafted polyethylene. The effect of bio-fibers used as filler on the mechanical properties of composites was studied. It was observed that mechanical properties such as tensile and flexural strengths of the composites with coupling agent increased with increasing filler loadings. Tensile strength and flexural strength exhibited improvement up to 66% and 90%, respectively, over virgin high-density polyethylene. The maximum enhancement in the properties was observed with wood pulp when compared with wood- or bamboo flour-filled composites. Effect of coupling agents on the performance of composites was evaluated at 30% filler loading with wood flour as the filler. The study suggested that glycidyl methacrylate-grafted polyethylene exhibited better tensile and flexural properties as compared with maleated polyethylene. Impact strength of the composites prepared with coupling agent was found to be more than uncoupled composites. Among the fiber type, the impact strength of wood-fiber-filled composites was superior than that of bamboo flour-filled composites. Moisture absorption study indicated that even at 40% filler loading, moisture gain by the wood fiber- and bamboo flour-filled composites was merely 1.55% and 2.60% after 600 h of water immersion test, which suggests encapsulation of filler material by the polymer matrix. © The Author(s) 2013. Source


Chandra A.P.J.,JSS Research Foundation
2011 2nd International Conference on Computer and Communication Technology, ICCCT-2011 | Year: 2011

Electronic laboratory experiments mainly describe the design and implementation of various circuits which assists theoretical study. Web based environment for these experiments helps the learners with any time accessibility of the remote hardware resources through online environment. The graphical programming language LabVIEW and data acquisition facilities provide an attractive solution through the availability of rich functions to acquire and analyze the signals. The custom interface circuits are designed to configure the circuit remotely based on the design requirement. The remote switching of different components to the circuit experimentation is achieved through the transistor switching circuitry. The switching circuitry is operated by the Boolean control actuations on graphical user interface, which can be remotely operated through a common web browser. A case study is presented with the circuit experimentation on the generation of frequency modulation signal. © 2011 IEEE. Source


Chethana M.,JSS Research Foundation | Prashantha K.,British Petroleum
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2015

Ecological concern on accumulation of neutraceutical industrial waste material and the demands for newer composite materials have promoted extensive research on utilizing industrial wastes materials. Therefore, in the present study finely powdered ginger spent (GS), filled polyurethane (PU) green composites with varying amount viz., 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 wt % of GS have been fabricated. The prepared PU/GS green composites have been characterized for their mechanical properties, density and void content. Interaction between filler and matrix has been confirmed from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies. Moisture absorption and desorption studies have been performed at different relative humidity (RH). The moisture absorption and desorption studies, shows that as the hydrophilic GS content increases in the matrix the RH also increases. Water uptake behavior of PU/GS were measured in different chemical environments such as 5% sodium chloride solution, cold water at different temperature and in hydrochloric acid solution. The water uptake values increases as increase in GS concentration. Equilibrium water content, diffusivity and equilibrium time taken for all PU/GS composites have been investigated. Biodegradation studies reveals that as the GS content increases the weight loss also increases. Thermal properties have been performed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). From DSC and DMA thermograms it is revealed that increase in Tg with increase in GS content. RH and contact angle measurement have been performed to understand the hydrophilic nature of the prepared composite. The morphological behavior of composites has been studied using scanning electron microscopy. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Asha V.,JSS Research Foundation | Nagabhushan P.,University of Mysore | Bhajantri N.U.,Government Engineering College
Pattern Recognition Letters | Year: 2012

In this paper, we propose a method of automatic detection of texture-periodicity using superposition of distance matching functions (DMFs) followed by computation of their forward differences. The method has been specifically devised for automatically identifying row and column periodicities and thereby the size of periodic units from textile fabrics belonging to any of the 17 wallpaper groups and is a part of automatic fabric defect detection scheme being developed by us that needs periodicities along row and column directions. Overall row-DMF (or overall column-DMF) is obtained based on superposition of DMF of all rows (or columns) from the input image and its second forward difference is computed to get the overall maximum which is a direct measure of periodicity along row (or column) direction. Results from experiments on various near-regular textures demonstrate the capability of the proposed method for automatic periodicity extraction without the need of human intervention. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Patil C.M.,JSS Research Foundation
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2010

A wide variety of biometrics based tools are under development to meet the challenges in security in the existing complex scenario. Among these, iris pattern based identification is the most promising for its stability, reliability, uniqueness, noninvasiveness and immunity from duplication. Hence the iris identification technique has become hot research point in the past several years. This paper compares recognition rates, speed and other efficiency parameters resulting from three iris feature extraction algorithms that use statistical measures, lifting wavelet transform (LWT), and Gray-Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) respectively. Experimental results show that while LWT provides higher recognition rate, GLCM approach offers reduction in computation time with a small compromise in recognition rate. It also demonstrates that statistical measures is the most economical when recognition requirement is crucial. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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