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Sverdlovsk oblast, Russia

Kozlov A.V.,JSC Institute of Nuclear Materials | Portnykh I.A.,JSC Institute of Nuclear Materials | Tselishchev A.V.,HIGH-TECH | Shilo O.B.,JSC Institute of Nuclear Materials | Asiptsov O.I.,JSC Institute of Nuclear Materials
Russian Metallurgy (Metally) | Year: 2014

Samples of 0.06C-16Cr-15Ni-2Mo-2Mn-Ti-Si-V-B and 0.07C-16Cr-19Ni-2Mo-2Mn-Ti-Si-V-P-B steels (ChS68 and EK164 steels, respectively) in the form of fuel element cladding tubes from a BN-600 reactor have been subjected to neutron irradiation in an IVV-2M research reactor to damage doses of 0.0015, 0.0050, and 0.0100 dpa at a temperature of 30°C. Based on a comparison of the results of dilatometric measurements of the irradiated samples and the samples in the initial state, the energies of vacancy migration in the steels are calculated. It is found that the energy of vacancy migration is 1.08 ± 0.02 eV in the ChS68 steel and 0.98 ± 0.02 eV in the EK164 steel. Using these values, the steady-state vacancy concentrations during irradiation of these steels in the BN-600 reactor are calculated. It is shown that the steady-state vacancy concentration in the EK164 fuel cladding portions irradiated in the lower half of the core is significantly lower than that in the ChS68 cladding. This is a cause of the higher resistance of the former steel to radiation-induced swelling as compared to that of the ChS68 steel upon irradiation in fast neutron breeders. © 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

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