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Osijek, Croatia

The Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek is a university located in Osijek, Croatia. It was founded in 1975 and is organized in 11 faculties. Wikipedia.

Muzevic D.,Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2013

Severe traumatic brain injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Treatment strategies in management of such injuries are directed to the prevention of secondary brain ischaemia, as a consequence of disturbed post-traumatic cerebral blood flow. They are usually concerned with avoiding high intracranial pressure (ICP) or adequate cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). An alternative to this conventional treatment is the Lund concept, which emphasises a reduction in microvascular pressures. To assess the role of the Lund concept versus other treatment modalities such as ICP-targeted therapy, CPP-targeted therapy or other possible treatment strategies in the management of severe traumatic brain injury. We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group's Specialised Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; Issue 10, 2013), MEDLINE (OvidSP), EMBASE (OvidSP), CINAHL Plus (EBSCO Host), ISI Web of Science (SCI-EXPANDED and CPCI-S) and trials registries. We searched the reference lists of relevant studies and published reviews found with our search. The most recent search was 5 November 2013. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs, level 1 evidence) exploring the efficacy of the Lund concept in the treatment of traumatic brain injury. Two review authors independently selected papers and made decisions about the eligibility of potentially relevant studies. We found no studies that met the inclusion criteria for this review. There is no evidence that the Lund concept is a preferable treatment option in the management of severe traumatic brain injury. Source

Jakobek L.,Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Polyphenols are secondary metabolites in plants, investigated intensively because of their potential positive effects on human health. Their bioavailability and mechanism of positive effects have been studied, in vitro and in vivo. Lately, a high number of studies takes into account the interactions of polyphenols with compounds present in foods, like carbohydrates, proteins or lipids, because these food constituents can have significant effects on the activity of phenolic compounds. This paper reviews the interactions between phenolic compounds and lipids, carbohydrates and proteins and their impact on polyphenol activity. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Rastija V.,Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

Polyphenols are natural compounds that show a wide spectrum of biological actions potentially beneficial for the human health. Wine is an alcoholic beverage that contains a large amount of polyphenols extracted from grapes during the processes of vinification. These molecules are associated with anticancerogenic, antidiabetic, neuroprotective, hormonal, antimicrobial, cardioprotective, and other health effects of wine. The present review provided an overview of well know and recent achievement in analytical methodology for the analysis of polyphenols in wine, and their biological activities. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

This study investigated the relationships of time-dependent hydrological variability and selected microbial food web components. Samples were collected monthly from the Kopački Rit floodplain in Croatia, over a period of 19 months, for analysis of bacterioplankton abundance, cell size and biomass; abundance of heterotrophic nanoflagellates and nanophytoplankton; and concentration of chlorophyll a. Similar hydrological variability at different times of the year enabled partition of seasonal effects from hydrological changes on microbial community properties. The results suggested that, unlike some other studies investigating sites with different connectivity, bacterioplankton abundance, and phytoplankton abundance and biomass increased during lentic conditions. At increasing water level, nanophytoplankton showed lower sensitivity to disturbance in comparison with total phytoplankton biomass: this could prolong autotrophic conditions within the floodplain. Bacterioplankton biomass, unlike phytoplankton, was not impacted by hydrology. The bacterial biomass less affected by hydrological changes can be an important additional food component for the floodplain food web. The results also suggested a mechanism controlling bacterial cell size independent of hydrology, as bacterial cell size was significantly decreased as nanoflagellate abundance increased. Hydrology, regardless of seasonal sucession, has the potential to structure microbial food webs, supporting microbial development during lentic conditions. Conversely, other components appear unaffected by hydrology or may be more strongly controlled by biotic interactions. This research, therefore, adds to understanding on microbial food web interactions in the context of flood and flow pulses in river-floodplain ecosystems. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Mihaljevic M.,Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Fundamental and Applied Limnology | Year: 2012

The colonization process of periphyton algae was studied in the Danubian floodplain (Lake Sakadaš, Nature Park Kopački Rit, Croatia) under variable spring hydrological conditions. We used an in situ experiment, with artificial substrata, to examine changes in the algal community composition during the early phase of periphyton formation. A few flood pulses characterized the hydrological conditions during the period of investigation (April- May, 2010) and altered the physical and chemical environment of the lake. The periphyton formation was initiated very early, on the first day of deployment, due to the rapid formation of bacterial biofilm. Total periphyton biomass continuously increased during the colonization period with changes in the trophic nature from the prevalence of organic matter to the prevalence of inorganic matter after day 15. The composition of periphyton algal assemblages and abundance changed gradually during the colonization period and the following sequences can be defined: the initial phase (days 1- 9, dominated by planktonic cyanobacteria and horizontally positioned diatoms), the intermediate phase (days 12 -18 characterised by stalk-forming diatoms (Gomphonema and Cymbella)) and the late phase (days 21- 42 dominated by vertically positioned diatoms (Nitzschia)). This sequence of algal colonization is similar to that found in other freshwater habitats. Achnanthidium minutissimum was particularly abundant in the late phase of colonisation which was characterised by flooding and indicated natural disturbance. © 2012 E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany. Source

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