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Topp M.S.,Universitatsklinikum Wurzburg | Gokbuget N.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Stein A.S.,City of Hope | Zugmaier G.,Amgen | And 21 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: Adults with relapsed or refractory B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia have an unfavourable prognosis. Blinatumomab is a bispecific T-cell engager antibody construct targeting CD19, an antigen consistently expressed on B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells. We aimed to confirm the activity and safety profile of blinatumomab for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Methods: In a multicentre, single-arm, open-label phase 2 study, we enrolled adult patients with Philadelphia-chromosome-negative, primary refractory or relapsed (first relapse within 12 months of first remission, relapse within 12 months after allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation [HSCT], or no response to or relapse after first salvage therapy or beyond) leukaemia. Patients received blinatumomab (9 μg/day for the first 7 days and 28 μg/day thereafter) by continuous intravenous infusion over 4 weeks every 6 weeks (up to five cycles), per protocol. The primary endpoint was complete remission (CR) or CR with partial haematological recovery of peripheral blood counts (CRh) within the first two cycles. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01466179. Findings: Between Jan 13, 2012, and Oct 10, 2013, 189 patients were enrolled and treated with blinatumomab. After two cycles, 81 (43%, 95% CI 36-50) patients had achieved a CR or CRh: 63 (33%) patients had a CR and 18 (10%) patients had a CRh. 32 (40%) of patients who achieved CR/CRh underwent subsequent allogeneic HSCT. The most frequent grade 3 or worse adverse events were febrile neutropenia (48 patients, 25%), neutropenia (30 patients, 16%), and anaemia (27 patients, 14%). Three (2%) patients had grade 3 cytokine release syndrome. Neurologic events of worst grade 3 or 4 occurred in 20 (11%) and four (2%) patients, respectively. Three deaths (due to sepsis, Escherichia coli sepsis, and Candida infection) were thought to be treatment-related by the investigators. Interpretation: Single-agent blinatumomab showed antileukaemia activity in adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia characterised by negative prognostic factors. Further assessment of blinatumomab treatment earlier in the course of the disease and in combination with other treatment approaches is warranted. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Spina M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Nagy Z.,Semmelweis University | Ribera J.M.,Jose Carreras Research Institute | Federico M.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 17 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: Serum uric acid (sUA) control is of key relevance in tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) prevention as it correlates with both TLS and renal event risk. We sought to determine whether febuxostat fixed dose achieves a better sUA control than allopurinol while preserving renal function in TLS prevention. Patients and methods: Patients with hematologic malignancies at intermediate to high TLS risk grade were randomized to receive febuxostat or allopurinol, starting 2 days before induction chemotherapy, for 7-9 days. Study treatment was blinded, whereas daily dose (low/standard/high containing allopurinol 200/300/600 mg, respectively, or fixed febuxostat 120 mg) depended on the investigator's choice. The co-primary end points, sUA area under curve (AUC sUA1-8) and serum creatinine change, were assessed from baseline to day 8 and analyzed through analysis of covariance with two-sided overall significance level of 5%. Secondary end points included treatment responder rate, laboratory and clinical TLS incidence and safety. Results: A total of 346 patients (82.1% intermediate TLS risk; 82.7% assigned to standard dose) were randomized. Mean AUC sUA1-8 was 514.0 ± 225.71 versus 708.0 ± 234.42 mgxh/dl (P < 0.0001) in favor of febuxostat. Mean serum creatinine change was -0.83 ± 26.98% and -4.92 ± 16.70% for febuxostat and allopurinol, respectively (P = 0.0903). No differences among secondary efficacy end points were detected. Drug-related adverse events occurred in 6.4% of patients in both arms. Conclusion: In the largest adult trial carried out in TLS prevention, febuxostat achieved a significant superior sUA control with one fixed dose in comparison to allopurinol with comparable renal function preservation and safety profile. Clinical trial registration: NCT01724528. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Barba P.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Martino R.,Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau | Martinez-Cuadron D.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Olga G.,Jose Carreras Research Institute | And 11 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

The role of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) in elderly patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is unclear. We conducted a prospective study including 110 homogeneously treated patients with ALL aged 50-70 years. Their outcomes were analyzed by intention-to-treat on a donor-versus-no donor basis. Fifty-five patients (50%) underwent human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing and were considered potential allo-HCT candidates, although only 25 (23%) eventually received an allo-HCT. Among potential allo-HCT candidates, patients with (n = 28) and without (n = 27) an HLA-identical sibling showed similar leukemia-free survival, overall survival (OS) and relapse risk, and the only variable associated with a better outcome was achievement of first complete remission (CR1) after induction therapy. Among the 25 patients who actually received an allo-HCT, the 4-year non-relapse mortality and OS were 42% (95% confidence interval 31-53%) and 37% (95% confidence interval 27-47%), respectively. In conclusion, having an HLA-identical sibling donor was not associated with a better outcome in patients with ALL aged 50-70 years. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd.

Forero-Castro M.,University of Salamanca | Forero-Castro M.,Pedagogical and Technological University of Colombia | Robledo C.,University of Salamanca | Lumbreras E.,University of Salamanca | And 16 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2016

The introduction of Rituximab has improved the outcome and survival rates of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). However, early relapse and refractoriness are current limitations of BL treatment and new biological factors affecting the outcome of these patients have not been explored. This study aimed to identify the presence of genomic changes that could predict the response to new therapies in BL. Forty adolescent and adult BL patients treated with the Dose-Intensive Chemotherapy Including Rituximab (Burkimab) protocol (Spanish Programme for the Study and Treatment of Haematological Malignancies; PETHEMA) were analysed using array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). In addition, the presence of TP53, TCF3 (E2A), ID3 and GNA13 mutations was assessed by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Ninety-seven per cent of the patients harboured genomic imbalances. Losses on 11q, 13q, 15q or 17p were associated with a poor response to Burkimab therapy (P = 0·038), shorter progression-free survival (PFS; P = 0·007) and overall survival (OS; P = 0·009). The integrative analysis of array-CGH and NGS showed that 26·3% (5/19) and 36·8% (7/19) of patients carried alterations in the TP53 and TCF3 genes, respectively. TP53 alterations were associated with shorter PFS (P = 0·011) while TCF3 alterations were associated with shorter OS (P = 0·032). Genetic studies could be used for risk stratification of BL patients treated with the Burkimab protocol. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Barta S.K.,Montefiore Medical Center | Xue X.,Montefiore Medical Center | Wang D.,Montefiore Medical Center | Tamari R.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | And 21 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013

Limited comparative data exist for the treatment of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We analyzed pooled individual patient data for 1546 patients from 19 prospective clinical trials to assess treatment-specific factors (type of chemotherapy, rituximab, and concurrent combination antiretroviral [cART] use) and their influence on the outcomes complete response (CR), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). In our analysis, rituximab was associated with a higher CR rate (odds ratio [OR] 2.89; P <.001), improved PFS (hazard ratio [HR] 0.50; P <.001), and OS (HR 0.51; P <.0001). Compared with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), initial therapy with more dose-intense regimens resulted in better CR rates (ACVBP [doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, bleomycin and prednisolone]: OR 1.70; P <.04), PFS (ACVBP: HR 0.72; P 5.049; "intensive regimens": HR 0.35; P <.001) and OS ("intensive regimens": HR 0.54; P <.001). Infusional etoposide, prednisone, infusional vincristine, infusional doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (EPOCH) was associated with significantly better OS in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (HR 0.33; P 5.03). Concurrent use of cART was associated with improved CR rates (OR 1.89; P 5.005) and trended toward improved OS (HR 0.78; P 5.07). These findings provide supporting evidence for current patterns of care where definitive evidence is unavailable. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology.

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