Phase 2, open-label, 1:1 randomized controlled trial exploring the efficacy of EMD 1201081 in combination with cetuximab in second-line cetuximab-naïve patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M SCCHN)
Ruzsa A.,Zala Megyei Korhaz Kulsokorhaz Onkologia Osztaly |
Sen M.,St Jamess Institute of Oncology |
Evans M.,Velindre Cancer Center |
Lee L.W.,Christie Hospital |
And 12 more authors.
Investigational New Drugs | Year: 2014
Aim: to determine whether EMD 1201081, a TLR9 agonist, added to cetuximab had antitumor activity in second-line recurrent/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M SCCHN) Methods: this was a phase 2, open-label, randomized trial of EMD 1201081 0.32 mg/kg subcutaneously weekly plus cetuximab (combination) vs cetuximab monotherapy (control) in cetuximab-naïve patients with R/M SCCHN who progressed on 1 cytotoxic regimen. Crossover to combination was permitted after progression Results: objective response rate in both arms was 5.7 % (95 % CI 1.2-15.7 %) by independent assessment. Disease control was 37.7 % for patients on combination (24.8-52.1 %) and 43.4 % on control (29.8-57.7 %). Neither independent nor investigator assessments showed significant differences between study arms. Median progression-free survival was 1.5 months (1.3-2.6) for patients on combination, and 1.9 months (1.5-2.9) on control. The most frequent adverse events in the combination arm were rash (29.6 %), acneiform dermatitis (22.2 %), and injection site reactions (20.4 %). Grade 3/4 dyspnea and hypokalemia were more frequent with cetuximab monotherapy (7.5 % and 5.7 % vs 1.9 % each, respectively), and grade 3/4 respiratory failure and disease progression were more frequent with combination (5.6 % each vs 1.9 % each) Conclusion: EMD 1201081 was well tolerated combined with cetuximab, but there was no incremental clinical efficacy. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
PubMed | Josa Andras Teaching Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Semmelweis University and Debrecen University
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015
Inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the CNS comprise a broad spectrum of diseases like neuromyelitis optica (NMO), NMO spectrum disorders (NMO-SD) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Despite clear classification criteria, differentiation can be difficult. We hypothesized that the urine proteome may differentiate NMO from MS.The proteins in urine samples from anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4) seropositive NMO/NMO-SD patients (n = 32), patients with MS (n = 46) and healthy subjects (HS, n = 31) were examined by quantitative liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) after trypsin digestion and iTRAQ labelling. Immunoglobulins (Ig) in the urine were validated by nephelometry in an independent cohort (n = 9-10 pr. groups).The analysis identified a total of 1112 different proteins of which 333 were shared by all 109 subjects. Cluster analysis revealed differences in the urine proteome of NMO/NMO-SD compared to HS and MS. Principal component analysis also suggested that the NMO/NMO-SD proteome profile was useful for classification. Multivariate regression analysis revealed a 3-protein profile for the NMO/NMO-SD versus HS discrimination, a 6-protein profile for NMO/NMO-SD versus MS discrimination and an 11-protein profile for MS versus HS discrimination. All protein panels yielded highly significant ROC curves (AUC in all cases >0.85, p0.0002). Nephelometry confirmed the presence of increased Ig-light chains in the urine of patients with NMO/NMO-SD.The urine proteome profile of patients with NMO/NMO-SD is different from MS and HS. This may reflect differences in the pathogenesis of NMO/NMO-SD versus MS and suggests that urine may be a potential source of biomarkers differentiating NMO/NMO-SD from MS.
Buparlisib and paclitaxel in patients with platinum-pretreated recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (BERIL-1): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial
PubMed | Novartis, Chang Gung University, Head, Szent Imre University Teaching Hospital and 16 more.
Type: | Journal: The Lancet. Oncology | Year: 2017
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway activation in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck contributes to treatment resistance and disease progression. Buparlisib, a pan-PI3K inhibitor, has shown preclinical antitumour activity and objective responses in patients with epithelial malignancies. We assessed whether the addition of buparlisib to paclitaxel improves clinical outcomes compared with paclitaxel and placebo in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 study (BERIL-1), we recruited patients aged 18 years and older with histologically or cytologically confirmed recurrent and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck after disease progression on or after one previous platinum-based chemotherapy regimen in the metastatic setting. Eligible patients were enrolled from 58 centres across 18 countries and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive second-line oral buparlisib (100 mg once daily) or placebo, plus intravenous paclitaxel (80 mg/mBetween Nov 5, 2013, and May 5, 2015, 158 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive either buparlisib plus paclitaxel (n=79) or placebo plus paclitaxel (n=79). Median progression-free survival was 46 months (95% CI 35-53) in the buparlisib group and 35 months (22-37) in the placebo group (hazard ratio 065 [95% CI 045-095], nominal one-sided p=0011). Grade 3-4 adverse events were reported in 62 (82%) of 76 patients in the buparlisib group and 56 (72%) of 78 patients in the placebo group. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events (occurring in 10% of patients in the buparlisib group vs the placebo group) were hyperglycaemia (17 [22%] of 76 vs two [3%] of 78), anaemia (14 [18%] vs nine [12%]), neutropenia (13 [17%] vs four [5%]), and fatigue (six [8%] vs eight [10%]). Serious adverse events (regardless of relation to study treatment) were reported for 43 (57%) of 76 patients in the buparlisib group and 37 (47%) of 78 in the placebo group. On-treatment deaths occurred in 15 (20%) of 76 patients in the buparlisib group and 17 (22%) of 78 patients in the placebo group; most were caused by disease progression and none were judged to be related to study treatment.On the basis of the improved clinical efficacy with a manageable safety profile, the results of this randomised phase 2 study suggest that buparlisib in combination with paclitaxel could be an effective second-line treatment for patients with platinum-pretreated recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Further phase 3 studies are warranted to confirm this phase 2 finding.Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
Dank M.,Semmelweis University |
Budi L.,Borsod Abauj Zemplen County Hospital |
Piko B.,Bekes County Pandy Kalman Hospital |
Mangel L.,University of Pécs |
And 4 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2014
Background: First-line bevacizumab-paclitaxel therapy demonstrated a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 11 months in three randomized phase III trials on metastatic breast cancer (mBC) (E2100, TURANDOT and CALGB 40502). We assessed the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab-paclitaxel in a routine oncology practice study. Patients and Methods: Patients with previously untreated mBC received bevacizumab-paclitaxel according to the approved indication in Hungary. The primary end-point was PFS. Secondary end-points included time-to-treatment discontinuation, 1-year survival rate, PFS in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and safety. Results: Median PFS in the 220 treated patients was 9.3 (95%CI 7.8- 10.8) months. The 1-year survival rate was 68%. In patients with TNBC (N=106), median PFS was 8.3 months (95%CI 7.8-8.8). Adverse events were consistent with the established safety profile of bevacizumab-paclitaxel. Conclusion: Bevacizumab-paclitaxel is an active and well-tolerated firstline treatment for mBC, with notable activity in TNBC.
Cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and cetuximab (PFE) with or without cilengitide in recurrent/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: Results of the randomized phase I/II ADVANTAGE trial (phase II part)
Vermorken J.B.,University of Antwerp |
Peyrade F.,Center Antoine Lacassagne |
Krauss J.,National Center for Tumor Diseases |
Mesia R.,Lhospitalet Of Llobregat |
And 11 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2014
Background: Recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M-SCCHN) overexpresses αvβ5 integrin. Cilengitide selectively inhibits αvβ3 and αvβ5 integrins and is investigated as a treatment strategy. Patients and methods: The phase I/II study ADVANTAGE evaluated cilengitide combined with cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and cetuximab (PFE) in R/M-SCCHN. The phase II part reported here was an open-label, randomized, controlled trial investigating progression-free survival (PFS). Patients received up to six cycles of PFE alone or combined with cilengitide 2000 mg once (CIL1W) or twice (CIL2W) weekly. Thereafter, patients received maintenance therapy (cilengitide arms: cilengitide plus cetuximab; PFE-alone arm: cetuximab only) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Results: One hundred and eighty-two patients were treated. Median PFS per investigator read was similar for CIL1W + PFE, CIL2W + PFE, and PFE alone (6.4, 5.6, and 5.7 months, respectively). Accordingly, median overall survival and objective response rates were not improved with cilengitide (12.4 months/47%, 10.6 months/27%, and 11.6 months/36%, respectively). No clinically meaningful safety differences were observed between groups. None of the tested biomarkers (expression of integrins, CD31, Ki-67, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, vascular endothelial-cadherin, type IV collagen, epidermal growth factor receptor, or p16 for human papillomavirus) were predictive of outcome. Conclusion: Neither of the cilengitide-containing regimens demonstrated a PFS benefit over PFE alone in R/M-SCCHN patients. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.
Losonczy G.,Debrecen University |
Vajas A.,Debrecen University |
Takacs L.,Debrecen University |
Dzsudzsak E.,Debrecen University |
And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly in the developed world. Numerous genetic factors contribute to the development of the multifactorial disease. We performed a case-control study to assess the risk conferred by known and candidate genetic polymorphisms on the development of AMD. We searched for genetic interactions and for differences in dry and wet AMD etiology. We enrolled 213 patients with exudative, 67 patients with dry AMD and 106 age and ethnically matched controls. Altogether 12 polymorphisms in Apolipoprotein E, complement factor H, complement factor I, complement component 3, blood coagulation factor XIII, HTRA1, LOC387715, Gas6 and MerTK genes were tested. No association was found between either the exudative or the dry form and the polymorphisms in the Apolipoprotein E, complement factor I, FXIII and MerTK genes. Gas6 c.834+7G>A polymorphism was found to be significantly protective irrespective of other genotypes, reducing the odds of wet type AMD by a half (OR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.26-0.97, p = 0.04). Multiple regression models revealed an interesting genetic interaction in the dry AMD subgroup. In the absence of C3 risk allele, mutant genotypes of both CFH and HTRA1 behaved as strongly significant risk factors (OR = 7.96, 95%CI: 2.39 = 26.50, p = 0.0007, and OR = 36.02, 95%CI: 3.30-393.02, p = 0.0033, respectively), but reduced to neutrality otherwise. The risk allele of C3 was observed to carry a significant risk in the simultaneous absence of homozygous CFH and HTRA1 polymorphisms only, in which case it was associated with a near-five-fold relative increase in the odds of dry type AMD (OR = 4.93, 95%CI: 1.98-12.25, p = 0.0006). Our results suggest a protective role of Gas6 c.834+7G>A polymorphism in exudative AMD development. In addition, novel genetic interactions were revealed between CFH, HTRA1 and C3 polymorphisms that might contribute to the pathogenesis of dry AMD. © 2012 Losonczy et al.
Fractional flow reserve calculation from 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and TIMI frame count: A fast computer model to quantify the functional significance of moderately obstructed coronary arteries
Tu S.,Leiden University |
Barbato E.,Onze Lieve Vrouwziekenhuis OLV Hospital |
Koszegi Z.,Josa Andras Teaching Hospital |
Yang J.,Guangdong General Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2014
Objectives This study sought to present a novel computer model for fast computation of myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) and to evaluate it in patients with intermediate coronary stenoses. Background FFR is an indispensable tool to identify individual coronary stenoses causing ischemia. Calculation of FFR from x-ray angiographic data may increase the utility of FFR assessment. Methods Consecutive patients with intermediate coronary stenoses undergoing pressure wire-based FFR measurements were analyzed by a core laboratory. Three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was performed and the mean volumetric flow rate at hyperemia was calculated using TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) frame count combined with 3-dimensional QCA. Computational fluid dynamics was applied subsequently with a novel strategy for the computation of FFR. Diagnostic performance of the computed FFR (FFR QCA) was assessed using wire-based FFR as reference standard. Results Computation of FFRQCA was performed on 77 vessels in 68 patients. Average diameter stenosis was 46.6 ± 7.3%. FFRQCA correlated well with FFR (r = 0.81, p < 0.001), with a mean difference of 0.00 ± 0.06 (p = 0.541). Applying the FFR cutoff value of ≤0.8 to FFR QCA resulted in 18 true positives, 50 true negatives, 4 false positives, and 5 false negatives. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.93 for FFR QCA, 0.73 for minimum lumen area, and 0.65 for percent diameter stenosis. Conclusions Computation of FFR QCA is a novel method that allows the assessment of the functional significance of intermediate stenosis. It may emerge as a safe, efficient, and cost-reducing tool for evaluation of coronary stenosis severity during diagnostic angiography. © 2014 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Cserni G.,Bacs Kiskun County Teaching Hospital |
Francz M.,Josa Andras Teaching Hospital |
Kalman E.,University of Pécs |
Kelemen G.,University of Szeged |
And 7 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2011
Estrogen receptor (ER) testing has become an important part of breast cancer reporting as the ER status is a predictor of hormonal treatment efficacy. Progesteron receptors (PR) are often tested in parallel, and the best response to hormonal manipulations can be expected in tumors positive for both receptors. The existence of breast cancers with an ER negative and PR positive phenotype is controversial. A series of cases with this phenotype were reevaluated to clarify the existence and the frequency of this entity. A total of 205/6587 (3.1%; range of the rate per department: 0.3-7.1%.) cases reported to have the ER-negative and PR-positive status by immunohistochemistry were collected from 9 Hungarian departments. After careful reevaluation of the tumor slides and control tissues with a 1% cut-off for positivity and restaining of the questionable cases, all but 1 of the reevaluable 182 cases changed their original phenotype. Most cases converted to dual positives (n = 124) or dual negatives (n = 31) or unassessable / questionable. ER-negative and PR-positive breast cancers are very rare if existing. Such a phenotype should prompt reassessment. © 2011 Arányi Lajos Foundation.
Simon A.,Debrecen University |
Bagoly Z.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences |
Hevessy Z.,Debrecen University |
Csathy L.,Debrecen University |
And 6 more authors.
Cytometry Part B - Clinical Cytometry | Year: 2012
Leukemic cells often express markers, which are not characteristic of their particular cell lineage. In this study, we identified the "A" subunit of coagulation factor XIII (FXIII-A) in leukemic promyelocytes in de novo AML M3 cases. The cytoplasmic presence of factor XIII-A has previously been shown only in platelets/megakaryocytes and monocytes/macrophages. Furthermore, more recently we described the presence of FXIII-A in leukemic lymphoblasts. We studied 14 patients with this rare type of acute leukemia in a period of 4 years and investigated their bone marrow samples by 3-color flow cytometry upon diagnosis, mainly focusing on FXIII-A expression of leukemic cells. We detected FXIII-A also by ELISA, Western-blot, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. This was a homogenous group of AML M3 patients with translocation t(15;17)(q22;q21) detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In 10 out of 14 samples, FXIII-A was detectable by flow cytometry and was coexpressed with markers characteristic for leukemic promyleocytes (CD45dim/CD13+/CD33+/ CD117+/cyMPO+ and HLA-DR-/CD34-/CD14-/CD15-). Staining for the markers GPIIb and GPIX were negative, and FXIII-A was identified in the cytoplasm of the cells by confocal microscopy in a relatively high quantity, as measured by ELISA. By Western blot analysis we could identify FXIII-A in the native 82 kDa form and in cleaved forms corresponding to cleavage products observed when purified FXIII-A was treated by human neutrophil elastase. This novel expression site of FXIII-A in AML M3 can be considered as a leukemia associated immunophenotype and may have pathophysiological significance. Copyright © 2012 International Clinical Cytometry Society.
Balogh I.,Debrecen University |
Koczok K.,Debrecen University |
Szabo G.P.,Debrecen University |
Torok O.,Debrecen University |
And 8 more authors.
Molecular Syndromology | Year: 2012
Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLO) syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by multiple congenital abnormalities and mental retardation. The condition is caused by the deficiency of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) which catalyzes the final step in cholesterol biosynthesis. Biochemical diagnosis is based on increased concentration of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC) in the patient serum. Both life expectancy and quality of life are severely affected by the disease. The estimated prevalence of SLO syndrome ranges between 1:20,000 and 1:40,000 among Caucasians. Although the mutational spectrum of the disease is wide, approximately 10 mutations are responsible for more than 80% of the cases. These mutations show a large interethnic variability. There are no mutation distribution data from Hungary to date. Thirteen patients were diagnosed with SLO syndrome in our laboratory. As first-line tests, serum 7-DHC and total cholesterol were measured and, in positive cases, molecular genetic analysis of the DHCR7 gene was performed. Complete genetic background of the disease could be identified in 12 cases. In 1 case only 1 mutation was detected in a heterozygote form. One patient was homozygous for the common splice site mutation c.964-1G>C, while all other patients were compound heterozygotes. One novel missense mutation, c.374A>G (p.Tyr125Cys) was identified. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.