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PubMed | JOS Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute and University of Jos
Type: Journal Article | Journal: African journal of infectious diseases | Year: 2015

Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a very serious public health problem due to its high tendency of person to person transmission, morbidity, and mortality. This study aimed at determining some risk factors associated with the prevalence of acid-alcohol-fast-bacilli (AAFB) within the study area.Sputum samples were collected from three hundred and three (303) patients with suspected cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Jos. The samples were examined using Ziehl Neelson method. Structured questionnaires were administered to obtain some demographic data from patients that consented. Results were tested statistically for significance at p < 0.05 using Chi-square test.Out of the samples examined, 29 (9.60%), were positive for AAFB. The study showed that the prevalence of smear-positive increased with increase in number of persons sharing the same room. Statistically the study reveals that some risk factors such as alcoholism, cigarette smoking and number of persons staying in a household had a significant effects on the prevalence (p < 0.05),while HIV status had no significant effect on the prevalence (p > 0.05).There was high prevalence of AAFB in the study area especially among people living in poor/congested housing facilities and people with HIV/AIDS. This calls for more collaborative efforts and political will by government and non-governmental agencies in order to eradicate the infection rate within the area, and the country at large.

Ogbe A.O.,National Health Research Institute | Atawodi S.E.,Ahmadu Bello University | Abdu P.A.,ABU | Oguntayo B.O.,JOS Technology | Dus N.,JOS Technology
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

In Nigeria, wild Ganoderma species of mushroom grows in abundance during the rainy season. Studies were conducted to evaluate the haematological parameters and the histopathology lesions in organs of broilers treated with aqueous extract of wild Ganoderma sp. Blood and organs were collected for haematology and histopathology, respectively. The haematological analysis showed a slight drop in packed cell volume (PCV) in the birds of group A (23.5% ± 0.7), B (28.0 % ± 2.8) and C (27.5 % ± 0.7) at 7 weeks of age, one week after infection with Eimeria tenella. The values of haemoglobin (Hb), red blood cells (RBC) and white blood cells (WBC) were within normal range in all the groups and seemed to bear no direct relationship to the treatment using either the wild mushroom or amprolium. The values showed considerable variations characterized by a wide range of normal values (Hb = 8.5 ± 0.0 - 14.9 ±1.52 g/dl; RBC = 1.9 ± 0.18 - 8.6 ± 0.78 x1012/L; WBC = 2.0 ± 0.92 - 8.5 ± 0.49 x109/L). Histopathology showed mild lymphocytic infiltration in the liver of the broilers. The lesions could not be linked to the use of mushroom or amprolium, as both treated and untreated birds had similar lesions in their organs. It was concluded that the mushroom has no deleterious or adverse effects on the organs of treated birds. © 2010 Academic Journals.

Manasseh A.T.,Benue State University | Godwin J.T.A.,Benue State University | Emanghe E.U.,University of Calabar | Borisde O.O.,JOS Technology
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2012

Objective: This study was set up to review the phytochemistry of Ganoderma applanatum, its potentiality in nanotechological engineering for clinical use as well as impact of aqueous extracts of Ganoderma applanatum on laboratoery rats infected with Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Methods: Aqueous extracts of Ganoderma applanatum were obtained using hot sterile distilled water and whatmann filter paper. The presence of saponins, alkaloids, tannins, anthraquinones, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides and steroids were tested using standard procedures. Acqueous extracts were also inoculated into laboratory rats infected with Trypanosoma brucei brucei along with both positive and negative controls. Blood samples were collected daily, stained with Giemsa's stain and examined for the presence of parasites. Results: Ganoderma applanatum aqueous extracts contained detectable levels of saponins, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides and steroids but undetectable levels of alkaloids, tannins and anthraquinone. All the infected rats died by day 12 from overwhelming trypanosomal infections. Conclusion: The biochemical constituents of Ganoderma species should be subjected to nanotechnological engineering in order to probably discover more of its wider therapeutic benefits, and to further disprove its suitability or otherwise in the treatment of African sleeping sickness. © 2012 Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedical Magazine.

Akpera M.T.,Benue State University | Oguntayo B.O.,JOS Technology | Jombo G.T.A.,Benue State University
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease | Year: 2012

Objective: Extracts of Ganoderma species have been widely used as herbal medicines in the treatment of several infections. This study was carried out to ascertain the haematological properties of aqueous Ganoderma applanatum (G. applanatum). Methods: Sixty albino rats grouped into six equal groups (10 each) of A to F consisting of tests and controls. Laboratory albino rats in groups A, B and C were infected with Trypanosoma brucei brucei (T. brucei brucei) while groups A and B (test) were treated with aqueous G. applanatum extract; other groups served as control. Microscopy and haematological profiles from the albino rats were monitored on daily basis for blood parasites, packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin concentration (HC), total red blood cell count (RBC), mean cell haemoglobin (MCH), mean cell volume (MCV), mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and total white blood cell count (WBC). Results: Albino rats in groups A, B and C infected with T. brucei brucei and treated with various concentrations of aqueous G. applanatum showed a progressive reduction in PCV, HC, RBC, MCH and MCHC compared to the controls (P<0.05). All the infected rats died by day 14 of the experiment from parasitaemia. Conclusions: G. applanatum lacks ability to boost haematological profiles of anaemic laboratory rats and also of no use in the treatment of African trypanosomiasis. Higher doses of the fungal extract may be required to test on laboratory rats with less lethal biological stimulants of anaemia before proving or otherwise its true haematological properties. © 2012 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press.

The study was conducted to evaluate farmers' response to extension services on ginger production in Kagarko local government area of Kaduna State. One hundred and ten respondents were randomly selected for the study. Only 2.7% of the respondents pointed out that extension worker visited them monthly while 72.7% claimed they had never seen the extension agents on their farm. Only 9.1% of the respondents adopted improved cutting and none of them adopted any improved processing technique. However, 90.0% of the respondents used fertilizer and 100% mulched ginger even though information was not given on them by extension workers. There was a significant (p < 0.05) relationship between frequency of extension agent's contact with the farmers and the farmers response to extension services on ginger production (x2 = 84.672). Extension contact was discovered to be very low in the area. Two major problems identified by the respondents were finance and marketing problems. Hence, extension services in the area needs improvement and the farmers need loan support to increase the scale of their production. © 2011 Academic Journals.


JOS Technology | Date: 2016-04-23

Apparatus and instruments for conducting, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity.


JOS Technology | Date: 2016-04-29

Apparatus and instruments for conducting, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity.

Ramos D.B.,JOS Technology | Loubach D.S.,JOS Technology | Da Cunha A.M.,JOS Technology
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine | Year: 2010

Over the last two decades, the development of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has shown to be feasible in order to perform several tasks with a certain degree of risk. These tasks were previously held by conventional manned aircrafts. Nowadays, current UAVs employment has brought economic benefits in agriculture, energy, public safety and telecommunication areas, among others, considering operational costs, maintenance, and safety. The Air Force, Army, and Navy under the Brazilian Department of Defense are developing a UAV in the so-called Veculo Areo No Tripulado (VANT) Project. The Brazilian Aeronautics Institute of Technology (Instituto Tecnolgico de Aeronutica - ITA) in its Software Engineering Research Group worked in a Preliminary Testing Monitoring Station (PTMS) (Estao de Monitoramento de Ensaios Preliminares - EMEP). The PTMS is considered a key part of the VANT Project. Therefore, the major contribution herein reports a complete development life-cycle using state-of-the-art practices provided by System Engineering, Rational Unified Process (RUP), Military Standards, Model-Driven Development (MDD), and Integrated - Computer Aided Software Engineering - Environment (I-CASE-E) tools. Finally, the effective use of these modern approaches has enabled the Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) to be developed, integrated on-time, and to work as expected and specified. © 2006 IEEE.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SME-1 | Phase: SIE-01-2015-1 | Award Amount: 71.43K | Year: 2015

JOS is the first Energy Surface with high-power and energy efficiency, a patented lighting and charging device system. Its a low-voltage electrified panel, on which its possible to feed any electronic device without any cables, in numberless position and with an energy saving of up to 25% compared with traditional systems. JOS can also be powered with direct photovoltaic and its extensible in series even on very large areas, so to use a single power supply and protect the environment. All spaces fed with JOS will enjoy a strong reduction of electromagnetic emissions. The panel has the virtue of thermal insulation and sound absorption, exploitable in the context of inner installation. JOS technology offers a very different technology and is characterized by: INTEGRATION of all types of devices, HIGH POWER (100 W per connection), FLEXIBILITY in positioning (table, wall, ceiling), ENERGY SAVING, CUSTOMIZATION (functional and design). JOS is not just a product but a technology with a double value proposition, both B2C and B2B. JOS B2C - Consumer Electronics, huge market. PLUS: integration, savings, flexibility, elimination of wires. JOS B2B - Great alternative or integration to traditional installation - panels of custom formats, extensible in series with specific devices. PLUS: reduction of time and costs in all phases, no longer traces or wiring, or structural interventions for changes, electromagnetic healthiness, energy saving. A technology adaptable to many different contexts, including disability, multiplying and simplifying the access to energy, with a strong facilitation of social and working conditions. Because JOS is a system with many possible applications, the feasibility study will be particularly aimed at the study of various business models, according to the different contexts and at detailed analysis of the various markets. The first true answer to avoid the need of CO2 polluting batteries in the near future.

JOS Technology | Date: 2014-05-22

A system for managing electric devices, including a first panel having at least one hole and having a first conductive surface, a second panel integral and substantially parallel to the first panel and having a second conductive surface. The first panel is overlapped to the second panel. The system is configured in such a way that the second conductive surface has at least one portion not covered by the first panel and accessible through the, or each, hole. The first conductive surface and the second conductive surface are connected to an electric circuit in such a way that the first conductive surface has a first predetermined polarity, and the second conductive surface has a second predetermined polarity, opposite to the first predetermined polarity.

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