Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University
Bolognesi, Peru

The Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University is a public university located in the city of Tacna, Peru. It was founded by Decree Law No. 1894 on August 26, 1971; academic activities started on May 13, 1972. The university is named after Jorge Basadre, a renowned Peruvian historian born in Tacna. Currently, the university is known by the acronym UNJBG and prepares students for 30 careers. Wikipedia.

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PubMed | National Major San Marcos University, Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University, University San Martin Of Cali, Nuestra Señora de La Paz University and 6 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

The selection of a medical specialty has been associated with multiple factors, such as personal preferences, academic exposure, motivational factors and sociodemographic factors, such as gender. The number of women in the medical field has increased in recent years. In Latin America, we have not found any studies that explore this relationship.To determine whether there is an association between gender and the intention to choose a medical specialty in medical students from 11 countries in Latin America.Secondary analysis of the Collaborative Working Group for the Research of Human Resources for Health (Red-LIRHUS) data; a multi-country project of students in their first year and fifth year of study, from 63 medical schools in 11 Latin American countries. All students who referred intention to choose a certain medical specialty were considered as participants.Of the 11073 surveyed students, 9235 indicated the name of a specific specialty. The specialties chosen most often in the fifth year were General Surgery (13.0%), Pediatrics (11.0%), Internal Medicine (10.3%) and Obstetrics/Gynecology (9.0%). For women, the top choices were Pediatrics (15.8%), Obstetrics/Gynecology (11.0%), Cardiology (8.7%), General Surgery (8.6%), and Oncology (6.4%). In the adjusted analysis, the female gender was associated with the choice of Obstetrics/Gynecology (RP: 2.75; IC95%: 2.24-3.39); Pediatric Surgery (RP: 2.19; IC95%: 1.19-4.00), Dermatology (RP: 1.91; IC95%:1.24-2.93), Pediatrics (RP: 1.83; IC95%: 1.56-2.17), and Oncology (RP: 1.37; IC95%: 1.10-1.71).There is an association between the female gender and the intention to choose Obstetrics/Gynecology, Pediatrics, Pediatric Surgery, Dermatology, and Oncology. We recommend conducting studies that consider other factors that can influence the choice of a medical specialty.

This paper quantifies the effects of climate change on the production of olive in Yarada, Tacna-Peru region, from yield estimates of the production of olive through cointegration analysis and model of vector error correction (VEC), using 1993-2012 data information. Econometric Model results indicate climatic variables such as maximum and minimum temperature, precipitation and soil humidity significantly affect the performance of the olive harvest, the goodness of fit or validity of the model is explained by more than 70%. At present, the average maximum temperature has not reached the threshold of break (24.07 °C), so that increases in temperature improves the performance of the crop, the opposite happens with the minimum temperature level, this has surpassed the threshold (16.24 °C), the minimum temperature falls has an adverse impact on the productivity of olive. By 2030 it will experience a slight performance drops olive production of 4.94% in the low and 6.42% forecast in the high level.

The available information on the biological diversity of bats in southern Peru is small and fragmented, for that reason developed an inventory of bat species in three provinces of Tacna, Peru. There was a total of 8 species in 15 localities sampled, located in 5 districts in the Tacna Region, distributed as follows Mormopterus kalinowskii and Tadarida brasiliensis exclusively in Ite; Amorphochilus schnablii in Locumba; Desmodus rotundus in Sama; Histiotus macrotus in Ite and Locumba; Platalina genovensium in Sama and Locumba; Histiotus montanus in Sama, Ite and Locumba; Myotis atacamensis in Sama, Pocollay, Ite, Locumba and Chucatamani. The greatest diversity of bats is in Locumba River Basin, with five of the eight species reported.

Gomez M.,CSIC - National Center for Metallurgical Research | Quispe A.,Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University | Medina S.F.,CSIC - National Center for Metallurgical Research
Materials Science Forum | Year: 2013

Under certain conditions of temperature, time and deformation, static recrystallization of austenite in microalloyed steels can be temporarily inhibited by means of the strain-induced precipitation of nanoparticles that cause a pinning effect on austenite grain boundaries in motion. This inhibition can be seen by the formation of a "plateau" in the curves of static recrystallization of austenite obtained from double-deformation tests carried out under isothermal conditions. In this work, several microalloyed steels with different compositions are studied by hot torsion tests in order to characterize the kinetics of recrystallization and its inhibition. The precipitation state in austenite is studied in several samples by means of transmission electron microscopy. The influence of the type of microalloying element (Al, Nb, V) and the mean size of the precipitates on the duration time of the plateau is studied and relationships between these variables can be obtained. Particularly, it is seen that Al-alloyed steels present a much coarser particle size and a considerably shorter plateau compared to Nb and V-microalloyed steels. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

Oyague-Passuni E.,Knight Piesold Consultores S.A | Franco P.J.,Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University
Check List | Year: 2013

Salmonidae were introduced in the Peruvian freshwaters during the first quarter of the 20th century with the Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), and later with three more species: Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758, Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum, 1792) and Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814). Only Oncorrynchus mikyss seems to have established itself extensively and successfully, is regularly reported and appears on the taxonomic checklists. This article reports on the presence of Salvelinus fontinalis in the high Andes of southern Peru, an area which is biogeographically associated with the Lake Titicaca Plateau. © 2013 Check List and Authors.

Rendon M.T.,Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University | Apaza D.H.,Hospital Hipolito Unanue Of Tacna
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecologia | Year: 2011

INTRODUCTION: The mortality perinatal is a risks indicator deadly related to the reproduction and it shows the prenatal attention, during the childbirth and post childbirth. OBJECTIVE: Identifying risk factors associated to mortality perinatal in hospitals of the Health Ministry of the Peru and determining his capability predictive. METHODS: I study prospective, analytical, of cases and controls, in 23 hospitals of Health Ministry; of 48 422 births attended January to June 2008, cases were 951 deaths perinatales (fetal death overdue and 1000 g precocious neobirth to more) and the controls 951 born living persons, selected candidates at random. Mortality rate for thousand births, Odds Ratio with his trustworthy interval was utilized to the 95%. SPSS Utilized statistical parcel himself. RESULTS: The death rate perinatal was 19.64 for thousand births, the fetal overdue 10.74 and precocious neobirth 9.03. The risk factors went: maternal age 35 years to more (OR=2,07), educational level illiterate or primary (OR=1.97), great multiparity (OR=2.07), deadly antecedent fetal (OR=3.17), birth in saw or jungle (OR=1.47), maternal pathology (OR=2.53), prenatal control missing or inadequate (OR=2.26), anomalous presentation (OR=2.61), I start of childbirth once was induced or elective cesarean operation (OR=2.28), I work of childbirth once was precipitated or once was extended (OR=4.70), liquid amniotic green (OR=3.99), Cesarean operation (OR=1.60), depression right away (OR=43.75) and five minutes (OR=106.28), prematurity (OR=22.89), under weight (18.02), fetal malnutrition (OR=6.97) and pathology newborn (OR=21.9). The pathology newborn, depression to the being born, under weight and prematurity, they had high value predictive (91%). Conclusion, the risk factors of the newborn have principal association and high value predictive in order to the mortality perinatal in hospitals of Health Ministry of the Peru.

Cespedes M.A.L.,Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University | Martinez Bustos F.,CINVESTAV | chang Y.K.,University of Campinas
Food and Bioprocess Technology | Year: 2010

Orange pulp was extruded using a Brabender laboratory single screw extruder (20:1 L/D). The independent variables evaluated were barrel temperature (83, 100, 125, 150, and 167 °C), feed moisture content (22, 25, 30, 35, and 38/100 g), and screw speed (126, 140, 160, 180, and 194 rpm). The apparent density and apparent viscosity values of the extruded orange pulp increased during extrusion, while the oil absorption index decreased, in comparison with the values for raw orange pulp. In vitro studies showed that at the end of the incubation time, 90.68% of the starch was hydrolyzed in the control sample, while only 77.82% and 69.40% pulp of the starch experienced hydrolysis in the presence of raw fiber and extruded orange pulp, respectively. Extruded orange pulp showed a higher glucose retradation index (16.04-25.92%) after 30 min of dialysis and after 60 min (11.66% and 18.33%) than raw orange pulp (8.33%). These results indicated that glucose could be bound with compacted fiber matrices and inhibit alpha-amylase activity. These mechanisms may create a definite benefit by decreasing the rate of glucose absorption and eventually lowering the concentration of postprandial serum glucose. The potential hypoglycemic effects of extruded orange pulp suggest that orange pulp is a good and abundant dietary fiber resource that could be of great benefit in controlling glucose levels in the blood. It could also be added to high-fiber foods as a lowcalorie bulk ingredient to reduce the calorie level. © 2008 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.

Gomez M.,CSIC - National Center for Metallurgical Research | Quispe A.,Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University | Medina S.F.,CSIC - National Center for Metallurgical Research
Steel Research International | Year: 2014

The kinetics of static recrystallization of austenite and its transitory inhibition by straininduced precipitates have been characterized in several microalloyed steels with different compositions. This inhibition can be seen by the formation of "plateaus" in the curves of static recrystallization obtained from isothermal double-deformation tests. The influence of the type of microalloying element (Nb, V, Al) and the mean size of the precipitates on the duration time of the plateau of recrystallization inhibition has been studied and empirical relationships between these variables have been obtained. Al-steels present a much coarser particle size and a considerably shorter plateau compared to Nb and V-microalloyed steels. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

In this paper the effects of climate change on food crop production and economic gains for farmers in the department Puno, Peru quantified; first, from the approach to the production function, using cointegration analysis using data information between 1960-2010; On the other hand, from the Ricardian approach, using information data Fourth National Agricultural Census 2012 with 39.724 producers. The results of the econometric model indicate that climatic variables how current average maximum temperatures (16.4 °C) have negative effects on the yields of potato, bean and corn; while, crop quinoa and cañihua still have positive effects. By 2035, assuming a discount rate of 2% in the most severe scenario, the accumulated losses caused by climate change on food crops totaled 0.58% of GDP Puno 2010, equivalent to approximately 20 million US dollars. Also, by the Ricardian approach corroborate the negative effects, given the increase in the average degree celsius temperature losses in economic gains for farmers totaled US $ 320 per hectare; finally with measures to adapt to climate change economic losses decrease by 43.93% for the most severe scenario. © 2015, Universidad de Tarapaca. All rights reserved.

PubMed | Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University and Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Revista peruana de medicina experimental y salud publica | Year: 2014

Cysticercosis is a neglected and endemic disease in Peru that commonly affects the central nervous system (CNS), causing neurocysticercosis (NCC). However, only a few reports of disseminated cysticercosis (DCC) exist in the world. In this article we present a case report of a male, 82 year old patient from the department of Junin (Peru). He presented a sudden loss of consciousness associated with generalized tonic-clonic seizures. CT scan and brain MRI showed multiple cystic lesions with scolex presence inside and compatible with massive NCC. Thoracic, abdominal and pelvic MRI showed multi-organ dissemination of cysticerci. Although there is little therapeutic experience in cases of DCC, the patient received deworming treatment with albendazole and corticoids, in this way a favorable clinical outcome was achieved without complications during hospitalization.

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