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Cohen D.,Tel Aviv University | Gargouri N.,Jordan Ministry of Health | Ramlawi A.,Bank of The West | Abdeen Z.,Al-Quds University | And 9 more authors.
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2010

In late 2002, health professionals from the ministries of health and academia of Jordan, the Palestinian Authority and Israel formed the Middle East Consortium on Infectious Disease Surveillance (MECIDS) to facilitate trans-border cooperation in response to infectious disease outbreaks. The first mission of MECIDS was to establish a regional, laboratory-based surveillance network on foodborne diseases. The development of harmonized methodologies and laboratory capacities, the establishment of a common platform of communication, data sharing and analysis and coordination of intervention steps when needed were agreed upon. Each of the three parties selected the microbiological laboratories that would form the network of sentinel laboratories and cover the different districts of each country and also designated one laboratory as the National Reference Laboratory (NRL). Data analysis units have been established to manage the data and serve as a central point of contact in each country. The MECIDS also selected a regional data analysis unit, the Cooperative Monitoring Centre (CMC) located in Amman, Jordan, and established a mechanism for sharing data from the national systems. Joint training courses were held on interventional epidemiology and laboratory technologies. Data collection started in July 2005 with surveillance of salmonellosis as the first target. This network of collaboration and communication established in an area of continuous dispute represents an important step towards assessing the burden of foodborne diseases in the region and is expected to be fundamental for coordination of public health interventions and prevention strategies. Copyright © 2010 Cambridge University Press.

Abozead S.E.-S.,Al - Hussein Bin Talal University | Abozead S.E.-S.,Assiut University | Abuhasheesh M.,Taibah University | Nawafleh H.,Al - Hussein Bin Talal University | And 2 more authors.
Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice | Year: 2015

Background: Healthcare workers are exposed to a range of factors related to diseases as well as infectious organisms. They are also exposed to needlestick injuries (NSIs) due to a lack of common and uncertain reporting system. The NSIs are a potential hazard for healthcare workers that were recognized as a serious risk factor for transmitting diseases by exposure to needlesticks contaminated with blood-borne pathogens. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency and occurrence of NSIs and determinants in nursing care in selected hospitals in Jordan. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design. It was conducted in 2 types of Jordanian hospitals: governmental and private. A total of 210 Jordanian nurses were recruited to participate in the study. Data were collected using a questionnaire that included demographic variables, NSIs during work, and causes. RESULTS: Results showed that the mean (SD) age of participants was 32.4 (7.21) years. Approximately 67% of the participants had less than 5 years of experience. Most of the participants (75.5%) had an NSI. Sixty-one percent did not attend any training program about infection control; 12.2% had a positive immune status (Hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-Hepatitis C virus, and anti-human immunodeficiency virus), and 48% did not know it. More than half of the injuries (53%) to nurses occurred during recapping of a needle. Forty-seven percent of injured nurses did not report the injury to anyone. Approximately half of the nurses (48%) did not report (NSIs) to anyone, do not want to admit NSI to a supervisor, and were not concerned about NSI either. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of NSIs among nursing care workers is high, and reporting is low. It needs to be further investigated. Special interventions such as in-service training of nurses on infection control measures, standardized treatment after exposure, and follow-up are necessary. © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Payne D.C.,National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases | Payne D.C.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Alqasrawi S.,Communicable Diseases Directorate | Al Nsour M.,A+ Network | And 40 more authors.
Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

We conducted an epidemiologic investigation among survivors of an outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in Jordan. A second-trimester stillbirth occurred during the course of an acute respiratory illness that was attributed to MERS-CoV on the basis of exposure history and positive results of MERS-CoV serologic testing. This is the first occurrence of stillbirth during an infection with MERS-CoV and may have bearing upon the surveillance and management of pregnant women in settings of unexplained respiratory illness potentially due to MERS-CoV. Future prospective investigations of MERS-CoV should ascertain pregnancy status and obtain further pregnancy-related data, including biological specimens for confirmatory testing. © 2014 The Author 2014.

Leventhal A.,Ministry of Health | Leventhal A.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Ramlawi A.,Bank of The West | Belbiesi A.,Jordan Ministry of Health | And 5 more authors.
Emerging Health Threats Journal | Year: 2013

Formed before international negotiations of the revised International Health Regulations (IHR), the Middle East Consortium for Infectious Disease Surveillance (MECIDS) is a regional collaboration aimed at facilitating implementation of the revised IHR and, more broadly, improving the detection and control of infectious disease outbreaks among neighboring countries in an area of continuous dispute. Initially focused on enhancing foodborne disease surveillance, MECIDS has expanded the scope of its work to also include avian and pandemic influenza and other emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Here, we describe the history and governance of MECIDS, highlighting key achievements over the consortium's seven-year history, and discuss the future of MECIDS. © 2013 Alex Leventhal et al.

Lamers M.M.,Erasmus Medical Center | Raj V.,Erasmus Medical Center | Shafei M.,Jordan Ministry of Health | Ali S.S.,Jordan Ministry of Health | And 9 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2016

We characterized Middle East respiratory syndrome coronaviruses from a hospital outbreak in Jordan in 2015. The viruses from Jordan were highly similar to isolates from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, except for deletions in open reading frames 4a and 3. Transmissibility and pathogenicity of this strain remains to be determined. © 2016, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). All rights reserved.

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