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Lee H.W.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Jun J.H.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Kil K.-J.,Joongbu UniversityChungnam | Ko B.-S.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Maturitas | Year: 2016

Danggui Shaoyao San (DSS), a traditional herbal prescription, has long been used to treat menopause-related symptoms, including dysmenorrhea. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy of DSS for dysmenorrhea. We searched the following electronic databases through October 2015: PubMed; EMBASE; the Cochrane Library; AMED; five Korean databases (KoreaMed, DBPIA, OASIS, RISS, and KISS); three Chinese databases (CNKI, Wan Fang Database, and VIP), and one Japanese database (CiNii). The Cochrane criteria were used to assess the risk of bias for the individual studies. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of DSS or modified DSS were included. Data from all articles were extracted by two independent reviewers. Meta-analysis was used to pool the data. A total of 746 potentially relevant studies were identified, and four RCTs met our inclusion criteria. All of the included RCTs had a high risk of bias across their domains. Three RCTs showed favourable effects of DSS on response rate compared with conventional medicine, and a meta-analysis showed that DSS had superior effects compared to analgesics (RR: 1.31, 95%CI, 1.06-1.63, I2 = 73%). One RCT showed a beneficial effect of DSS on pain compared with placebo control. Our systematic review and meta-analysis provided suggestive evidence of the superiority of DSS over analgesics or placebo for dysmenorrhea. The quality of evidence for this finding was low to moderate because of a high risk of bias. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Kwon Y.-S.,Joongbu UniversityChungnam
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2014

Background: Many students have difficulty adjusting to college, and diverse factors are related with students’ maladaptation to college. Objective: The purposes of this study were to examine relationship among stress, depression, social support, self-esteem and adjustment to college life, and find factors related with adjustment to college. Results: Stress and depression were negatively related to college adjustment. Social support and self-esteem were positively related to college adjustment. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that stress (ß=−.414, p<.001), depression (ß=−.276, p<.001) and selfesteem (ß=.167, p<.01) were identified as significant predictors of adjustment to college, after adjusting for age, gender, economic status. Conclusion: These findings support the importance of establishing intervention strategies designed to decrease stress and depression of students to help them well adjust to school life. © Research India Publications. Source

Kang Y.J.,Joongbu UniversityChungnam | Kang S.H.,Joongbu UniversityChungnam | Shin S.W.,Joongbu UniversityChungnam | Lee Y.H.,Joongbu UniversityChungnam
Advanced Science Letters | Year: 2015

The purpose of this study is to present a method of utilizing internet science sites as a teaching tool and what needs to be complemented and improved in the field of early childhood education. 85 internet science sites were divided into three operational areas: teaching, teaching-learning and teaching environment. Also, the adequacy of site configurations was analyzed. As a result of utilizing the internet sites as a teaching medium for young children, they were analyzed to be inadequate in all three areas. Therefore, internet usage for young children should be developed in accordance with the infant’s interest and development. © 2015, American Scientific Publishers. All rights reserved. Source

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