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Westlund H.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Larsson J.P.,Jonkoping International Business School | Olsson A.R.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Regional Studies | Year: 2014

This paper contains one of the first empirical attempts to investigate the influence of local entrepreneurial social capital (ESC) on start-up propensity. A unique database, including not only total start-ups but also data on start-ups divided into six sectors, is used to study the impact of ESC on start-ups per capita. The results support the hypothesis that social capital, measured both as (1) firm perception of local public attitudes to entrepreneurship and (2) the share of small businesses influences start-up propensity in Swedish municipalities. The findings also support previous results suggesting that social capital has a somewhat stronger influence in rural areas than in urban areas. © 2014 Regional Studies Association.


Mellander C.,Jonkoping International Business School | Florida R.,Martin Prosperity Institute | Stolarick K.,Martin Prosperity Institute
Spatial Economic Analysis | Year: 2011

Why do some people stay in locations while others move? While most research has examined the factors which encourage people to move to new locations, we focus our research on the effects of satisfaction with individuals' current location on the decision to stay. To do so, we examine the relative effects of three kinds of factors: (1) satisfaction with community or place-based factors such as aesthetic appeal, outdoor space and recreational amenities, artistic and cultural amenities, the ability to meet people and make friends; (2) community economic conditions; and (3) individual-level demographic factors such as income, human capital, and age. Our findings indicate that place-based factors, in particular the beauty and physical appeal of the current location and the ability to meet people and make friends, explain more of the desire to stay than do community economic conditions or individual demographic characteristics. © 2011 Regional Studies Association.


Florida R.,University of Toronto | Mellander C.,Jonkoping International Business School | Qian H.,Cleveland State University
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2012

China is currently seeking to transform its economic structure from a traditional industrial to a more innovative, human-capital driven, and knowledge-based economy. Our research examines the effects of three key factors on Chinese regional development in an attempt to gauge to what degree China has transformed from an industrial to a knowledge-based economy, based on higher levels of (1) technology and innovation, (2) human capital and knowledge/professional/creative occupations, and (3) factors like tolerance, universities, and amenities which act on the flow of the first two.We employ structural equation models to gauge the effects of these factors on the economic performance of Chinese regions. Our research generates four key findings. First, the distribution of talent (measured both as human capital and as knowledge-professional and creative occupations) is considerably more concentrated than in the US or other advanced economies. Second, universities are the key factor in shaping the distribution both of talent and of technological innovation. Third, tolerance also plays a role in shaping the distribution of talent and technology across Chinese regions. Fourth, and perhaps most strikingly, we find that neither talent nor technology is associated with the economic performance of Chinese regions. This stands in sharp contrast to the pattern in advanced economies and suggests that the Chinese economic model, at least at the time of data collection, appears to be far less driven by the human capital or technology factors that propel more advanced economies. This, in turn, suggests that China is likely to face substantial obstacles in moving from its current industrial stage of development to a more knowledge-based economy. © 2012 Pion Ltd and its Licensors.


Karlsson J.,Linnaeus University | Nilsson P.,Jonkoping International Business School
European Review of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2014

This paper estimates capitalisation effects of farm attributes with a particular focus on the decoupled Single Farm Payment (SFP) on prices. The spatial analysis employs a sample of mainly small- and medium-sized Swedish farm transactions sold all across Sweden; the results from a spatial multiple-membership model suggest that decoupled SFP has no influence on farm prices. Prices are profoundly influenced by residential characteristics and accessibility to urban amenities. Spatial heterogeneity is found for both regional and local levels, and a large spatial spillover effect is found between neighbouring farms. Results are confirmed by sensitivity analyses. © Oxford University Press and Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics 2013.


Florida R.,University of Toronto | Mellander C.,Jonkoping International Business School | Stolarick K.,University of Toronto
Regional Studies | Year: 2011

Beautiful places: The role of perceived aesthetic beauty in community satisfaction, Regional Studies. This research uses a large survey sample of individuals across United States locations to examine the effects of beauty and aesthetics on community satisfaction. The paper conducts these estimations by ordinary least-squares, ordered logit, and multinomial logit. The findings confirm that beauty is significantly associated with community satisfaction. Other significant factors include economic security, schools, and social interaction. Further, community-level factors are significantly more important than individual demographic characteristics in explaining community satisfaction. © 2011 Regional Studies Association.


Wiklund H.,Jonkoping International Business School | Wiklund H.,The Government Offices of Sweden
Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management | Year: 2011

This paper explores the uninvestigated phenomenon of citizens' reasons for nonparticipation in EIA. By adopting a bottom-up approach, based on the assumption that citizens are rational actors who are able to provide reasons for their choice to participate or not to participate, it complements traditional public participation research focusing on structural barriers to and socio-economic predictors of participation. The reasons citizens provide for nonparticipation are described and it is discussed how the design and management of public participation schemes can be improved to better meet the high participatory ideals of EIA expressed by professionals and academics in standards of good practice. © 2011 Imperial College Press.


Ghazawneh A.,Jonkoping International Business School | Henfridsson O.,Chalmers University of Technology
Information Systems Journal | Year: 2013

Prior research documents the significance of using platform boundary resources (e.g. application programming interfaces) for cultivating platform ecosystems through third-party development. However, there are few, if any, theoretical accounts of this relationship. To this end, this paper proposes a theoretical model that centres on two drivers behind boundary resources design and use - resourcing and securing - and how these drivers interact in third-party development. We apply the model to a detailed case study of Apple's iPhone platform. Our application of the model not only serves as an illustration of its plausibility but also generates insights about the conflicting goals of third-party development: the maintenance of platform control and the transfer of design capability to third-party developers. We generate four specialised constructs for understanding the actions taken by stakeholders in third-party development: self-resourcing, regulation-based securing, diversity resourcing and sovereignty securing. Our research extends and complements existing platform literature and contributes new knowledge about an alternative form of system development. © 2012 Wiley Publishing Ltd.


Bjerke L.,Jonkoping International Business School | Johansson S.,Jonkoping International Business School
Annals of Regional Science | Year: 2015

This paper explores the patterns of innovation and collaboration by using unique regional survey data on more than 600 Swedish firms. The data also include the smallest firms, which have been largely neglected in the existing literature on innovations. In the context of collaboration, however, small firms are of particular interest because external interactions and joint projects can be expected to play a very central role in innovation processes in firms where internal resources are very limited. The results show that the probability of innovation is higher among collaborating firms, yet not all types of collaborations matter. Extra-regional collaborations appear as most important in promoting firm innovation, and collaboration seems to be most favourable when the partners involved have some organizational or knowledge relatedness. Small firms, in particular, seem to gain from such extra-regional linkages. © 2015, The Author(s).


Consumer awareness about organic foods has been growing. However, this trend is not always translated to consumer organic food purchases. It is argued that when it comes to assessing organics, one should expect consumers to use multiattribute evaluations due to credence attributes and organic standards that organic foods need to adhere to. A thorough review of the existing literature on consumer buying behavior of organic foods identifies healthism, hedonism, and trust among some factors that enhance consumer experiences with organic foods and therefore can affect their purchase intentions. This article is one the few studies that integrated multiple factors in one research framework to empirically evaluate their role in explaining consumer purchase intentions of organic foods. Results from a demographically representative sample completed by an online survey in Australia (N = 1011) provides support for the research hypotheses by revealing positive and statistically significant effects of healthism, hedonism, and trust on consumer purchase intentions. The study concludes with implications and suggestions for future research. © 2016 Taylor & Francis


Dzansi J.,Jonkoping International Business School
Annals of Regional Science | Year: 2013

Studies show that manufacturing growth is fundamental to sustained economic growth and development. However, recent Dutch disease perspective studies suggest that remittance inflows have the potential to impede manufacturing growth of the recipient economies. This paper contributes to the literature by investigating the effect of remittance inflows on manufacturing growth directly. The main claim of the paper is that the Dutch disease perspective identifies only one of the several channels through which remittance inflows impacts on manufacturing growth and hence unlikely to reflect the ultimate impact of remittances on manufacturing growth. This study uses the 3-digit level manufacturing data on a sample of 40 remittance-dependent economies over the period from 1991 to 2004. The empirical results indicate positive and robust effect of remittance inflows on manufacturing growth. This finding implies that one of the mechanisms through which remittance inflows could lift standards of living in poor countries is via the impact on manufacturing growth. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

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