Joint Shantou International Eye Center

Shantou, China

Joint Shantou International Eye Center

Shantou, China
Time filter
Source Type

Zhang M.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Gazzard G.,King's College | Fu Z.,Mingren Eye Hospital | Li L.,Shantou University | And 5 more authors.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science | Year: 2011

Purpose. To assess the sensitivity and specificity of models predicting myopia onset among ethnically Chinese children. Methods. Visual acuity, height, weight, biometry (A-scan, keratometry), and refractive error were assessed at baseline and 3 years later using the same equipment and protocol in primary schools in Xiamen (China) and Singapore. A regression model predicting the onset of myopia < -0.75 diopters (D) after 3 years in either eye among Xiamen children was validated with Singapore data. Results. Baseline data were collected from 236 Xiamen children (mean age, 7.82 ± 0.63 years) and from 1979 predominantly Chinese children in Singapore (7.83 ± 0.84 years). Singapore children were significantly taller and heavier, and had more myopia (31.4% vs. 6.36% < -0.75 D in either eye, P < 0.001) and longer mean axial length. Three-year follow-up was available for 80.0% of Xiamen children and 83.1% in Singapore. For Xiamen, the area under the receiver-operator curve (AUC) in a model including ocular biometry, height, weight, and presenting visual acuity was 0.974 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.945-0.997). In Singapore, the same model achieved sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of 0.844, 0.650, and 0.669, with an AUC of 0.815 (95% CI, 0.791-0.839). Conclusions. Accuracy in predicting myopia onset based on simple measurements may be sufficient to make targeted early intervention practical in settings such as Singapore with high myopia prevalence. Models based on cohorts with a greater prevalence of high myopia than that in Xiamen could be used to assess accuracy of models predicting more severe forms of myopia. © 2011 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

Congdon N.,Sun Yat Sen University | Congdon N.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Congdon N.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Li L.,Shantou University | And 7 more authors.
Ophthalmology | Year: 2011

Objective: To test an educational intervention promoting the purchase of spectacles among Chinese children. Design: Randomized, controlled trial. Participants: Children in years 1 and 2 of all 20 junior and senior high schools (ages 1217 years) in 3 rural townships in Guangdong, China. Methods: Children underwent visual acuity (VA) testing, and parents of participants with presenting VA worse than 6/12 in either eye improving by more than 2 lines with cycloplegic refraction were recommended to purchase glasses. Children at 10 randomly selected schools received a lecture, video, and classroom demonstration promoting spectacle purchase. Main Outcome Measures: Self-reported purchase of spectacles (primary outcome) and observed wear or possession of newly purchased glasses (secondary outcome) at follow-up examinations (mean, 219±87 days after the baseline visit). Results: Among 15 404 eligible children, examinations were completed for 6379 (74.6%) at intervention schools and 5044 (73.6%) at control schools. Spectacles were recommended for 2236 (35.1%) children at intervention schools and for 2212 (43.9%) at control schools. Of these, 417 (25.7%) intervention schools children and 537 (34.0%, P = 0.45) control schools children reported buying glasses. Predictors of purchase in regression models included female gender (P = 0.02), worse uncorrected VA (P<0.001), and higher absolute value of refractive error (P = 0.001). Neither the rate of self-reported purchase of glasses or observed wear or possession of newly purchased glasses differed between control schools and intervention schools in mixed-effect logistic regression models. Among children not purchasing glasses, 21.7% had better-eye VA of worse than 6/18. Conclusions: An intervention based on extensive pilot testing and focus groups in the area failed to promote spectacle purchase or wear. The high burden of remaining uncorrected poor vision underscores the need to develop better interventions. © 2011 by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Huang L.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Liang J.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Geng Y.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Tsang W.-M.,North District Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science | Year: 2013

PURPOSE. To investigate the retinal fate competence of human postnatal periodontal ligament (PDL)-derived stem cells (PDLSC) through a directed differentiation mimicking mammalian retinogenesis. METHODS. Human teeth were collected from healthy subjects younger than 35 years old. Primary PDLSC were isolated by collagenase digestion and cultivated. PDLSC at passage 3 were cultured in the induction media containing Noggin (antagonist of bone morphogenic protein) and Dkk-1 (antagonist of Wnt/b-catenin signaling). Gene expression of neural crest cells, retinal progenitors, and retinal neurons, including photoreceptors, was revealed by RNA analyses, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry. The neuronal-like property of differentiated cells in response to excitatory glutamate was examined by fluo-4-acetoxymethyl calcium imaging assay. RESULTS. Primary human PDLSC stably expressed marker genes for neural crest (Notch1, BMP2, Slug, Snail, nestin, and Tuj1), mesenchymal stem cell (CD44, CD90, and vimentin), and embryonic stem cell (c-Myc, Klf4, Nanog, and SSEA4). Under low attachment culture, PDLSC generated neurospheres expressing nestin, p75/NGFR, Pax6, and Tuj1 (markers of neural progenitors). When neurospheres were plated on Matrigel-coated surface, they exhibited rosette-like outgrowth. They expressed eye field transcription factors (Pax6, Rx, Lhx, Otx2). By flow cytometry, 94% of cells were Pax6nuclearRx{thorn}, indicative of retinal progenitors. At prolonged induction, they expressed photoreceptor markers (Nrl, rhodopsin and its kinase) and showed significant responsiveness to excitatory glutamate. CONCLUSIONS. Primary human PDLSC could be directed to retinal progenitors with competence for photoreceptor differentiation. Human neural crest-derived PDL is readily accessible and can be an ample autologous source of undifferentiated cells for retinal cell regeneration. © 2013 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

PubMed | Chinese University of Hong Kong, Osaka University, Joint Shantou International Eye Center and Prince of Wales Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Investigative ophthalmology & visual science | Year: 2016

We investigated the association of the ATP-binding cassette, subfamily G, member 1 (ABCG1) gene with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in independent Chinese and Japanese cohorts.A total of 12 haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the SNP rs57137919 in the ABCG1 gene were first analyzed in a Hong Kong Chinese cohort of 235 nAMD, 236 PCV, and 365 controls, using TaqMan genotyping assays. Two SNPs (rs57137919 and rs225396) that showed a disease-association were genotyped in a Shantou Chinese cohort of 189 nAMD, 187 PCV, and 670 controls, and an Osaka Japanese cohort of 192 nAMD, 204 PCV, and 157 controls, totaling 2435 subjects. Association analysis was performed in individual cohorts, followed by a pooled analysis of the data from all three cohorts.In the Hong Kong cohort, SNP rs57137919 was associated with PCV (odds ratio [OR] = 1.35). A tagging SNP rs225396 was associated with nAMD (OR = 1.28) and PCV (OR = 1.32). In the Osaka cohort, SNP rs225396 was associated with nAMD (OR = 1.42) and PCV (OR = 1.74). In the pooled analysis involving the 3 study cohorts, rs225396 showed an enhanced association with nAMD (P = 0.01, OR = 1.21, I2 = 14%) and PCV (P = 0.0001, OR = 1.35, I2 = 46%).In this study, we have newly identified a haplotype-tagging SNP, rs225396, in ABCG1 to be associated with PCV and nAMD in Chinese and Japanese cohorts. This provides new evidence to support ABCG1 as a susceptibility gene for PCV and nAMD. Further replication in other populations should be warranted.

Cao H.,Shantou University | Li L.,Shantou University | Zhang M.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: The burden and pattern of ocular trauma in China are poorly known and not well studied. We aimed at studying the epidemiological characteristics of patients hospitalized for ocular trauma at major ophthalmology departments in the largest industrial base of plastic toys in China. Methods: A retrospective study of ocular trauma cases admitted to 3 tertiary hospitals in China from 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2010 was performed. Results: The study included a total of 3,644 injured eyes from 3,559 patients over the 10-year period: 2,008 (55.1%) open-globe injuries, 1,580 (43.4%) closed-globe injuries, 41 (1.1%) chemical injuries, 15 (0.4%) thermal injuries and 678 (18.6%) ocular adnexal injuries. The mean age of the patients was 29.0±16.8 years with a male-to-female ratio of 5.2:1 (P = 0.007). The most frequent types of injury were work-related injuries (1,656, 46.5%) and home-related injuries (715, 20.1%). The majority of injuries in males (56.2%) and females (36.0%) occurred in the 15-44 age group and 0-14 age group, respectively. The final visual acuity correlated with the initial visual acuity (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.659; P<0.001). The Ocular Trauma Score also correlated with the final visual acuity (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.655; P<0.001). Conclusions: This analysis provides an epidemiological study of patients who were hospitalized for ocular trauma. Preventive efforts are important for both work-related and home-related eye injuries. © 2012 Cao et al.

Cao H.,Shantou University | Li L.,Shantou University | Zhang M.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Li H.,Shantou Central Hospital
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Ocular trauma is the leading cause of monocular visual disability and noncongenital unilateral blindness in children. This study describes the epidemiology and medical care associated with nonfatal pediatric (≤17 years of age) eye injury-related hospitalization in the largest industrial base for plastic toy production in China. Methods: A population-based retrospective study of patients hospitalized for ocular and orbital trauma in the ophthalmology departments of 3 major tertiary hospitals from 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2010 was performed. Results: The study included 1035 injured eyes from 1018 patients over a 10-year period: 560 (54.1%) eyes exhibited open globe injuries, 402 (38.8%) eyes suffered closed globe injuries, 10 (1.0%) eyes suffered chemical injuries and 8 (0.8%) eyes exhibited thermal injuries, representing an average annual hospitalization rate of 0.37 per 10,000 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.36-0.38) due to pediatric eye injury in the Chaoshan region. The mean patient age was 9.2±4.4 years with a male-to-female ratio of 3.3:1 (P = 0.007). Children aged 6 to 11 years accounted for the highest percentage (40.8%, 416/1018) of hospitalization, 56.7% (236/416) of whom were hospitalized for open globe wounds. Injury occurred most frequently at home (73.1%). Open globe wounds cost the single most expensive financial burden (60.8%) of total charges with $998±702 mean charges per hospitalization. Conclusions: Open globe wounds occurred at home are earmarked for the priorities to prevention strategies. Higher public awareness of protecting primary schoolchildren from home-related eye injuries should be strengthened urgently by legislation or regulation since the traditional industrial mode seems to remain the pattern for the foreseeable future. Further research that provide detailed information on the specific inciting agents of pediatric eye injuries are recommended for facilitating the development and targeting of appropriate injury prevention initiatives. © 2013 Cao et al.

Zhang M.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Wu J.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | Li L.,Shantou University | Xu D.,Joint Shantou International Eye Center | And 6 more authors.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science | Year: 2010

PURPOSE. To examine differences between patients with cataract detected during screening and presenting to clinic in rural China. METHODS. Subjects were recruited from 27 screenings and an eye clinic in the same town. All had pinhole-corrected vision ≤6/18 in ≥1 eye due to ophthalmologist-diagnosed cataract. Subjects were administered a previously validated questionnaire on barriers to surgery in four areas: knowledge (K), perceptions of quality (Q), transportation (T), and cost (C). RESULTS. Screening group (SG; n ≤ 120) and clinic group (CG; n ≤ 120) participants did not differ from eligible, examined screening and clinic patients respectively in age, gender, or vision. SG participants were significantly more likely to be female (P ≤ 0.002) and had a smaller housing area and less education (P < 0.001 for both) than those in the CG. Those in the CG were more likely to be blind (habitual VA ≤ 6/60) in the better-seeing eye (P ≤ 0.05) and more willing to undergo and pay for cataract surgery (P < 0.001 for both) than SG. In logistic regression models, SG subjects had significantly lower quality scores (P < 0.001) and better habitual vision (P ≤ 0.02) than did CG participants, and SG subjects who agreed to cataract surgery (78.3%) had significantly higher knowledge scores (P < 0.001) than those who refused. DISCUSSION. Screening outreach has the potential to ameliorate disparities in access to cataract surgery in rural China, as it appears more likely to detect patients with cataract with gender- related, economic, educational, and attitudinal barriers to surgery. However, education may be needed to convince screening subjects to undergo surgery. © Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Gao Y.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Li L.P.,Shantou University | Kim J.H.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Congdon N.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 3 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2010

Background. One out of ten of China's population are migrants, moving from rural to urban areas. Many leave their families behind resulting in millions of school children living in their rural home towns without one or both their parents. Little is known about the health status of these left behind children (LBC). This study compares the health status and health-related behaviours of left behind adolescent school children and their counterparts in a rural area in Southern China. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among middle school students in Fuyang Township, Guangdong, China (2007-2008). Information about health behaviours, parental migration and demographic characteristics was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Overweight/obesity and stunting were defined based on measurements of height and weight. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to estimate the differences in health outcomes between LBC and non-LBC. Results. 18.1% of the schoolchildren had one or both parents working away from home. Multivariate analysis showed that male LBC were at higher risk of skipping breakfast, higher levels of physical inactivity, internet addiction, having ever smoked tobacco, suicide ideation, and being overweight. LBC girls were more likely to drink excessive amounts of sweetened beverage, to watch more TV, to have ever smoked or currently smoke tobacco, to have ever drunk alcohol and to binge drinking. They were also more likely to be unhappy, to think of planning suicide and consider leaving home. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that parental migration is a risk factor for unhealthy behaviours amongst adolescent school children in rural China. Further research is required in addition to the consideration of the implications for policies and programmes to protect LBC. © 2010 Gao et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Lee S.K.-W.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Teng Y.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Wong H.-K.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Ng T.-K.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Background: Epigenetic factors, such as microRNAs, are important regulators in the self-renewal and differentiation of stem cells and progenies. Here we investigated the microRNAs expressed in human limbal-peripheral corneal (LPC) epithelia containing corneal epithelial progenitor cells (CEPCs) and early transit amplifying cells, and their role in corneal epithelium. Methodology/Principal Findings: Human LPC epithelia was extracted for small RNAs or dissociated for CEPC culture. By Agilent Human microRNA Microarray V2 platform and GeneSpring GX11.0 analysis, we found differential expression of 18 microRNAs against central corneal (CC) epithelia, which were devoid of CEPCs. Among them, miR-184 was up-regulated in CC epithelia, similar to reported finding. Cluster miR-143/145 was expressed strongly in LPC but weakly in CC epithelia (P = 0.0004, Mann-Whitney U-test). This was validated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Locked nucleic acid-based in situ hybridization on corneal rim cryosections showed miR-143/145 presence localized to the parabasal cells of limbal epithelium but negligible in basal and superficial epithelia. With holoclone forming ability, CEPCs transfected with lentiviral plasmid containing mature miR-145 sequence gave rise to defective epithelium in organotypic culture and had increased cytokeratin-3/12 and connexin-43 expressions and decreased ABCG2 and p63 compared with cells transfected with scrambled sequences. Global gene expression was analyzed using Agilent Whole Human Genome Oligo Microarray and GeneSpring GX11.0. With a 5-fold difference compared to cells with scrambled sequences, miR-145 up-regulated 324 genes (containing genes for immune response) and down-regulated 277 genes (containing genes for epithelial development and stem cell maintenance). As validated by qPCR and luciferase reporter assay, our results showed miR-145 suppressed integrin β8 (ITGB8) expression in both human corneal epithelial cells and primary CEPCs. Conclusion/Significance: We found expression of miR-143/145 cluster in human corneal epithelium. Our results also showed that miR-145 regulated the corneal epithelium formation and maintenance of epithelial integrity, via ITGB8 targeting. © 2011 Lee et al.

Jhanji V.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Liu H.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Law K.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Lee V.Y.-W.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2011

Aim: To explore the antiangiogenic property of isoliquiritigenin (ISL) on in vivo and in vitro models. Design: Laboratory investigation. Methods: The effect of ISL on angiogenesis development was investigated using ex ovo chick chorioallantoic membrane model. Its effect on pathological angiogenesis was examined by (1) silver nitrate cauterisation-induced corneal neovascularisation in BALB/c mice, followed by topical ISL (0.2-50 μM) and CD31 immunofluorescence of corneal blood vessels; (2) argon laser photocoagulation-induced choroidal neovascularisation in C57BL/6 mice, followed by intravitreal ISL (10-200 μM) and fundus fluorescein angiography and immunofluorescence with Griffonia simplicifolia isolectin-B4 (GSA I-B4); and (3) oxygen-induced retinopathy in C57BL/6J mice pups, followed by intravitreal ISL (1-100 μM) and GSA I-B4 immunofluorescence. The vascular area was quantified and analysed by one-way analysis of variance and Student t test. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment-epithelium-derived factor in human umbilical vein endothelial cells was analysed by western blotting. Results: Ex ovo chick chorioallantoic membrane assay showed that ISL dose-dependently suppressed VEGF-induced vessel growth. In vivo experiments illustrated that topical ISL alleviated corneal neovascularisation (IC 50=7.14 μM, day 7) and intravitreal ISL reduced vessel leakage and GSA I-B4-positive vascular area in choroidal and retinal neovascularisation. ISL was found to dose-dependently suppress VEGF and induce pigment epithelium derived factor expression in cultured endothelial cells. Conclusion: Using various experimental models of ocular neovascularisation, the authors have demonstrated that ISL from licorice extract has an antiangiogenic effect. The authors' findings suggest that ISL may be a potential antiangiogenic molecule in the development of therapy for neovascularisation diseases.

Loading Joint Shantou International Eye Center collaborators
Loading Joint Shantou International Eye Center collaborators