Joint Research and Services Center for Biomarker Evaluation in Oncology

Germany

Joint Research and Services Center for Biomarker Evaluation in Oncology

Germany
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Hermann N.,University of Bonn | Dressen K.,University of Bonn | Schroeder L.,University of Bonn | Schroeder L.,Center for Integrated Oncology Cologne Bonn | And 16 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2017

Multiple factors contribute to the development and progression of breast cancer. Markers of tumor growth and invasion, cell death, immune activation, and angiogenesis can be assessed in parallel by a novel multiplex immunoassay panel. The diagnostic performance of a multiplex cancer biomarker magnetic bead panel comprising 24 tumor associated parameters was evaluated in sera of 154 women including 77 patients with breast cancer, 10 with precancerous lesions, 31 with benign breast diseases, and 36 healthy controls. Marker levels were log-transformed for variance stabilization. Significance testing was done using t-test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test with correction of p values for multiple testing. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed. Serum levels of several biomarkers were significantly (p ≤ 0.001) higher in cancer patients than in healthy controls, particularly alpha-fetoprotein, cancer antigen 15-3, cancer antigen 19-9, migration inhibitory factor, carcinoembryonic antigen, cancer antigen 125, hepatocyte growth factor, soluble Fas, tumor necrosis factor-α, stem cell factor, and osteopontin. As most markers were also elevated in benign breast diseases, only cancer antigen 15-3 showed significant differences to cancer patients (p ≤ 0.001). The resulting areas under the curve in receiver operating characteristic curves for discrimination between benign and malignant breast diseases achieved 0.71 with a sensitivity of 33.8% at 95% specificity. Multiplexing enables parallel analysis of different biomarker classes for cancer detection. Established cancer antigen 15-3 proved to be most relevant for differential diagnosis. © The Author(s) 2017.


Dressen K.,University of Bonn | Hermann N.,University of Bonn | Manekeller S.,University of Bonn | Manekeller S.,Center for Integrated Oncology | And 14 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2017

Background/Aim: We evaluated the diagnostic performance of a newly-launched magnetic bead-based multiplex immunoassay panel including cancer, apoptotic, immunological and angiogenesis biomarkers for differential diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and Methods: Serum samples of 106 individuals comprising of 35 patients with CRC (23 colon cancer, 12 rectal cancer), 20 with respective benign colorectal diseases and 51 healthy controls were analyzed by the Milliplex™ MAP Human Circulating Cancer Biomarker Panel 1 run on the Bio-Plex™ 200 System. Results: IL-8, CEA, HGF, TNFα, CYFRA 21-1, OPN, TGFα, CA 19-9, CA 125, AFP and sFas showed significantly higher levels in cancer samples compared to healthy controls. It is noteworthy that comparing CRC and benign colorectal disease samples, many immunological and cell death markers were elevated as well. Exclusively, six markers were distinguished significantly between both groups: CEA showed the best performance in differential diagnosis reaching an AUC of 0.859 in ROC curve followed by CA 19-9, CYFRA 21-1, IL-8, CA 125 and OPN reaching AUCs between 0.696 and 0.744. Correlation with tumor stage was found for CEA, sFas and CYFRA 21-1. Finally marker scores were assembled showing that a combination of CEA and CA 19-9 had a higher AUC (0.893) compared to the biomarkers alone. Conclusion: Differential diagnosis of CRC can be improved by new biomarker classes and their combination assessed by novel multiplex immunoassay.


Holdenrieder S.,University of Bonn | Holdenrieder S.,Joint Research and Services Center for Biomarker Evaluation in Oncology | Dharuman Y.,University of Bonn | Standop J.,University of Bonn | And 9 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2014

Background: To improve prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer, powerful blood-based biomarkers enabling for early detection are needed. As genome-wide DNA hypomethylation is associated with carcinogenesis, and cell-free DNA, thought to be of tumor origin, is found in the circulation of patients with cancer, we investigated the relevance of 5-methylcytosine-modified DNA present in cellfree circulating nucleosomes as a serum biomarker using a convenient enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Materials and Methods: Serum samples from 90 individuals [24 with colorectal cancer (CRC), 10 with benign colorectal diseases (BCD) and 56 healthy controls (HC)] were tested for the differential diagnostic performance of a novel ELISA for nucleosome-bound methylated DNA. Methodical features, including intra-And interassay imprecision, were tested using serum pools. To minimize interassay variability, values were transformed to adjusted optical densities and robust statistics were applied for clinical evaluation. Findings were later re-evaluated on a set of 113 patients (49 CRC, 26 BCD and 38 HC). Results: Intra-And interassay reproducibility were 3.4% and 15.3%, respectively. Levels of circulating methylated DNA were significantly decreased in CRC and BCD when compared to HC (p< 0.05), although there was no difference between BCD and CRC. For discrimination of CRC from HC, the area under the curve in receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.78 and sensitivities were 33% at 95% specificity and 75% at 70% specificity, respectively. The findings were generally confirmed when validated in the second set of patients. Conclusion: Reduced methylation of DNA on circulating nucleosomes detected by ELISA can potentially serve as a diagnostic tool in patients with CRC.

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