New Brunswick, NJ, United States
New Brunswick, NJ, United States

Lyndon Baines Johnson , often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States , a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President . Johnson, a Democrat from Texas, served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961, including six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader and two as Senate Majority Whip. He campaigned unsuccessfully for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1960, but ran for Vice President with John F. Kennedy heading the ticket for the 1960 presidential election. After their election, Johnson succeeded Kennedy following his assassination on November 22, 1963; he completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right in the 1964 election, winning by a large margin over Barry Goldwater. He is one of four people who served in both offices of the executive branch as well as both houses of Congress.Johnson was strongly supported by the Democratic Party, and as President he designed the "Great Society" legislation upholding civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, environmental protection, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, and his "War on Poverty". Assisted in part by a growing economy, the War on Poverty helped millions of Americans rise above the poverty line during Johnson's presidency. Civil rights bills signed by Johnson banned racial discrimination in public facilities, interstate commerce, the workplace, and housing; and the voting rights act guaranteed full voting rights for citizens of all races. With the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the country's immigration system was reformed and all national origin quotas were removed. Johnson was renowned for his domineering, sometimes abrasive, personality and the "Johnson treatment" – his aggressive coercion of powerful politicians in order to advance legislation.Johnson infamously, though reluctantly, escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which granted Johnson the power to use military force in Southeast Asia without having to ask for an official declaration of war. The number of American military personnel in Vietnam increased dramatically, from 16,000 advisors in non-combat roles in 1963, to 550,000 in early 1968, many in combat roles. American casualties soared and the peace process bogged down. Growing unease with the war stimulated a large, angry antiwar movement based especially on university campuses in the U.S. and abroad.Johnson faced further troubles when summer riots broke out in most major cities after 1965, and crime rates soared, as his opponents raised demands for "law and order" policies. While he began his presidency with widespread approval, support for Johnson declined as the public became further upset with both the war and the growing violence at home. The Democratic Party split in multiple feuding factions, and after Johnson did poorly in the 1968 New Hampshire primary, he ended his bid for reelection. Republican Richard Nixon was elected to succeed him, as the New Deal coalition that had dominated presidential politics for 36 years collapsed. Johnson died four years after he left office. Historians argue that Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism in the United States after the New Deal era. Johnson is ranked favorably by some historians because of his domestic policies. Wikipedia.


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Device and methods for the incorporation of Quantum-Dots for spectroscopic analysis into biomedical devices are described. In some examples, the Quantum-Dots act as light emitters, light filters or analyte specific dyes. In some examples, a field of use for the apparatus and methods may include any biomedical device or product that benefits from spectroscopic analysis.


Patent
Johnson & Johnson | Date: 2017-02-15

Methods and apparatus to form a biometric based information communication system are described. In some examples, the biometric based information communication system comprises biomedical devices with sensing means, wherein the sensing means produces a biometric result. The communication system may convey the biometric results to a processing system which may include resources such as servers to store the results in personalized databases. A biometric measurement result may trigger a communication of a biometric based information communication message based on the current measurement and historical measurements.


Patent
Johnson & Johnson | Date: 2017-02-15

Methods and apparatus to form a biometric based information communication system are described. In some examples, the biometric based information communication system comprises biomedical devices with sensing means, wherein the sensing means produces a biometric result. In some examples the biometric based information communication system may comprise a user device such as a smart phone paired in communication with the biomedical device. A biometric measurement result may trigger a communication of a biometric based information communication message.


Methods and apparatus to form a biometric based information communication system are described. In some examples, the biometric based information communication system comprises biomedical devices with sensing means, wherein the sensing means produces a biometric result. In some examples the biometric based information communication system may comprise a user device such as a smart phone paired in communication with the biomedical device. A biometric measurement result may trigger a communication of a biometric based information communication message. The biometric based information communication message may comprise an advertisement. In some examples, the advertisement may include a means to link to an electronic purchasing or e-procurement vehicle.


Methods and apparatus to form a biometric based information communication system are described. In some examples, the biometric based information communication system comprises biomedical devices with sensing means, wherein the sensing means produces a biometric result. In some examples the biometric based information communication system may comprise a user device such as a smart phone paired in communication with the biomedical device. A biometric measurement result may trigger a communication of a biometric based information communication message.


Patent
Johnson & Johnson | Date: 2017-04-19

The present invention relates to an intravaginal tampon for feminine hygiene. In particular, it relates to methods for producing such a tampon having relatively deep, penetrating grooves in which adjacent penetrating jaws pass through the same tampon press space during manufacture and to an apparatus useful in making such a tampon as well as the tampons made therewith.


Patent
Johnson & Johnson | Date: 2017-04-12

Lenses are designed using wavefront measurements amenable to correction factors for near and far vision as well as pupil size to slow or stop myopia progression.


Patent
Johnson & Johnson | Date: 2017-04-12

A sprayer system (100) includes a trigger sprayer (108) having a trigger (138), a pump mechanism (114), and a nozzle. The sprayer system (100) further includes a solvent reservoir (104) for accommodating a solvent substance (106) and a bottle (112) for accommodating a concentrate substance (130). Further, the solvent reservoir (104) is positioned above the trigger sprayer (108) and is in fluid communication with the trigger sprayer and the bottle (112) is positioned below the trigger sprayer (108) and is in fluid communication with the trigger sprayer.


Patent
Johnson & Johnson | Date: 2017-04-12

Wearable devices for dispensing insect repellents, fragrances, and/or other chemicals along the outside of the clothing of a human are disclosed. They are of the type that are clipped onto a belt or the like, and use a powered fan to dispense active. They are configured with a first timer to account for a passive release rate of the active and a second timer to account for an active release rate of the active. The first time and second timer are in communication with a useful life indicator to provide a signal to a user of the device to indicate when the substrate in the device for containing the active should be replaced.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 2.06M | Year: 2016

Medicine is undergoing a simultaneous shift at the levels of the individual and the population: we have unprecedented tools for precision monitoring and intervention in individual health and we also have high-resolution behavioural and social data. Precision medicine seeks to deploy therapies that are sensitive to the particular genetic, lifestyle and environmental circumstances of each patient: understanding how best to use these numerous features about each patient is a profound mathematical challenge. We propose to build upon the mathematical, computational and biomedical strengths at Imperial to create a Centre for the Mathematics of Precision Healthcare revolving around the theme of multiscale networks for data-rich precision healthcare and public health. Our Centre proposes to use mathematics to unify individual-level precision medicine with public health by placing high-dimensional individual data and refined interventions in their social network context. Individual health cannot be separated from its behavioural and social context; for instance, highly targeted interventions against a cancer can be undermined by metabolic diseases caused by a dietary behaviour which co-varies with social network structure. Whether we want to tackle chronic disease or the diseases of later life, we must simultaneously consider the joint substrates of the individual together with their social network for transmission of behaviour and disease. We propose to tackle the associated mathematical challenges under the proposed Centre bringing to bear particular strengths of Imperials mathematical research in networks and dynamics, stochastic processes and analysis, control and optimisation, inference and data representation, to the formulation and analysis of mathematical questions at the interface of individual-level personalised medicine and public health, and specifically to the data-rich characterisation of disease progression and transmission, controlled intervention and healthcare provision, placing precision interventions in their wider context. The programme will be initiated and sustained on core research projects and will expand its portfolio of themes and researchers through open calls for co-funded projects and pump-priming initiatives. Our initial set of projects will engage healthcare and clinical resources at Imperial including: (i) patient journeys for disease states in cancer and their successive hospital admissions; multi-omics data and imaging characterisations of (ii) cardiomyopathies and (iii) dementia and co-morbidities; (iv) national population dynamics for epidemiological and epidemics simulation data from Public Health; social networks and (v) health beliefs and (vi) health policy debate. The initial core projects will build upon embedded computational capabilities and data expertise, and will thus concentrate on the development of mathematical methodologies including: sparse state-space methods for the characterisation of disease progression in high-dimensional data using transition graphs in discrete spaces; time-varying networks and control for epidemics data; geometrical similarity graphs to link imaging and omics data for disease progression; stochastic processes and community detection from NHS patient data wedding behavioural and social network data with personal health indicators; statistical learning for the analysis of stratified medicine. The mathematical techniques used to address these requirements will need to combine, among others, ingredients from dynamical and stochastic systems with graph-theoretical notions, sparse statistical learning, inference and optimisation. The Centre will be led by Mathematics but researchers in the Centre span mathematical, biomedical, clinical and computational expertise.

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