Krishna R.,Merck And Co. |
Addy C.,HMR Weight Management Services Boston |
Tatosian D.,Merck And Co. |
Glasgow X.S.,Merck And Co. |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2016
The pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of omarigliptin, a novel once-weekly DPP-4 inhibitor, were assessed following single and multiple doses in healthy subjects. Absorption was rapid, and food did not influence single-dose PK. Accumulation was minimal, and steady state was reached after 2 to 3 weeks. Weekly (area under the curve) AUC and Cmax displayed dose proportionality within the dose range studied at steady state. The average renal clearance of omarigliptin was ∼2 L/h. DPP-4 inhibition ranged from ∼77% to 89% at 168 hours following the last of 3 once-weekly doses over the dose range studied. Omarigliptin resulted in ∼2-fold increases in weighted average postprandial active GLP-1. Omarigliptin acts by stabilizing active GLP-1, which is consistent with its mechanism of action as a DPP-4 inhibitor. Administration of omarigliptin was generally well tolerated in healthy subjects, and both the PK and PD profiles support once-weekly dosing. A model-based assessment of QTc interval risk from the single ascending dose study predicted a low risk of QTc prolongation within the likely clinical dose range, a finding later confirmed in a thorough QT trial. © 2016, The American College of Clinical Pharmacology.