The Johns Hopkins University is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named after its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest—of which half financed the establishment of The Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States at the time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research.The first research university in the Western Hemisphere and one of the founding members of the American Association of Universities, Johns Hopkins has ranked among the world’s top universities throughout its history. The National Science Foundation has ranked the university #1 among U.S. academic institutions in total science, medical, and engineering research and development spending for 31 consecutive years. Johns Hopkins is also ranked #12 in the U.S. News and World Report undergraduate program rankings for 2014 and was also ranked 11th in the U.S. News and World Report Best Global University Rankings of 2014, outranking Princeton University, Yale University, University of Pennsylvania, and Cornell University.Over the course of almost 140 years, 36 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with Johns Hopkins . Founded in 1883, the Blue Jays men’s lacrosse team has captured 44 national titles and joined the Big Ten Conference as an affiliate member in 2014.Johns Hopkins is organized into ten divisions on campuses in Maryland and Washington, D.C. with international centers in Italy, China, and Singapore. The two undergraduate divisions, the Krieger School of Arts and science and the Whiting School of Engineering, are located on the Homewood campus in Baltimore's Charles Village neighborhood. The medical school, the nursing school, and the Bloomberg School of Public Health are located on the Medical Institutions campus in East Baltimore. The university also consists of the Peabody Institute, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, the education school, the Carey Business School, and various other facilities. Wikipedia.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-06-14
A differential phase contrast X-ray imaging system (100) includes an X-ray illumination system (102), a beam splitter (104) arranged in an optical path (106) of the X-ray illumination system (102), and a detection system (108) arranged in an optical path (110) to detect X-rays after passing through the beam splitter (104). The X-ray imaging system (100) uses the Talbot-Lau interferometric configuration where the beam splitter (102) acts as a phase grating and the analyser grating has reflective strips parallel to the incident X-ray beam, said gratings being used both in glancing / grazing incidence.
Johns Hopkins University and Kennedy Krieger Institute | Date: 2017-06-21
A dendrimer formation, such as a PAMAM dendrimer or a multiarm PEG polymeric formulation has been developed for systemic administration to the brain or central nervous system. In the preferred embodiment, the dendrimers are in the form of dendrimer nanoparticles comprising poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) hydroxyl-terminated dendrimers covalently linked to at least one therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic agent for treatment of one or more symptoms of neurodegenerative, neurodevelopmental or neurological disorders such as Rett syndrome or autism spectrum disorders, D6 generation dendrimers provide significantly enhanced uptake into areas of brain Injury, providing a means for diagnosis as well, as drug delivery.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-06-21
A composition comprising poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) hydroxyl- terminated dendrimers covalently linked to at least one therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic agent for the treatment or alleviation of one or more symptoms of a brain tumor have been developed. The dendrimers comprise one or more ethylene diamine-core poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) hydroxyl-terminated generation-4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10, most preferably generation 6 (G4-10-OH) dendrimers. The G6 dendrimers have demonstrated unexpectedly high uptake into the brain. The dendrimers provide a means for selective delivery through the blood brain barrier (BBB) of chemotherapeutic, immunotherapeutic and palliative agents. The dendrimers also have the advantage that two different classes of compounds, having one or more mechanisms of action can be bound to the dendrimers, providing simultaneous delivery. The dendrimers may be administered alone by intravenous injection, or as part of a multi-prong therapy with radiation.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-06-14
Methods and compounds are disclosed for treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by using Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) inhibitors.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-06-07
The present invention relates to cells and methods for detecting compounds that induce a pseudo-allergic-type reaction and methods for reducing the severity of a pseudo-allergic-type reaction.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-06-21
A composite material can include a gel and at least one nanostructure disposed within the gel. A method for healing a soft tissue defect can include applying a composite material to a soft tissue defect, wherein the composite material includes a gel and a nanostructure disposed within the gel. A method for manufacturing a composite material for use in healing soft tissue defects can include providing a gel and disposing nanofibers within the gel.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-04-19
A system and method for quantifying clinical skill of a user, comprising: collecting data relating to a surgical task done by a user using a surgical device; comparing the data for the surgical task to other data for another similar surgical task; quantifying the clinical skill of the user based on the comparing of the data for the surgical task to the other data for the other similar surgical task; outputting the clinical skill of the user.
Johns Hopkins University | Date: 2017-02-02
An example apparatus for establishing a communications link is provided. The example apparatus may include a phased array antenna, a radio frequency beamformer, and a processor. The processor may be in operable communication with the radio frequency beamformer and configured to operate as an antenna controller. As the antenna controller, the processor may be configured to direct the radio frequency beamformer to steer an antenna beam generated by the phased array antenna in a plurality of beam directions across an operating range of the phased array antenna, determine a signal strength of a source signal received by the phased array antenna at each beam direction, determine a current beam direction, and direct the radio frequency beamformer to steer the antenna beam to the current beam direction.
Pardoll D.M.,Johns Hopkins University
Nature Reviews Cancer | Year: 2012
Among the most promising approaches to activating therapeutic antitumour immunity is the blockade of immune checkpoints. Immune checkpoints refer to a plethora of inhibitory pathways hardwired into the immune system that are crucial for maintaining self-tolerance and modulating the duration and amplitude of physiological immune responses in peripheral tissues in order to minimize collateral tissue damage. It is now clear that tumours co-opt certain immune-checkpoint pathways as a major mechanism of immune resistance, particularly against T cells that are specific for tumour antigens. Because many of the immune checkpoints are initiated by ligand-receptor interactions, they can be readily blocked by antibodies or modulated by recombinant forms of ligands or receptors. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) antibodies were the first of this class of immunotherapeutics to achieve US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. Preliminary clinical findings with blockers of additional immune-checkpoint proteins, such as programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1), indicate broad and diverse opportunities to enhance antitumour immunity with the potential to produce durable clinical responses. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Xing M.,Johns Hopkins University
Nature Reviews Cancer | Year: 2013
Thyroid cancer is a common endocrine malignancy. There has been exciting progress in understanding its molecular pathogenesis in recent years, as best exemplified by the elucidation of the fundamental role of several major signalling pathways and related molecular derangements. Central to these mechanisms are the genetic and epigenetic alterations in these pathways, such as mutation, gene copy-number gain and aberrant gene methylation. Many of these molecular alterations represent novel diagnostic and prognostic molecular markers and therapeutic targets for thyroid cancer, which provide unprecedented opportunities for further research and clinical development of novel treatment strategies for this cancer.© 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.