John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics

Miami, FL, United States

John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics

Miami, FL, United States

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Yariz K.O.,Ankara University | Duman D.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Heper A.O.,Ankara University | Tekin M.,Ankara University
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2011

Inherited desmosomal cardiocutaneous syndromes are characterized by the quartet of woolly hair, palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK), skin fragility and cardiac abnormalities, which are caused by mutations in genes coding for desmosomal proteins. We describe a previously unrecognized autosomal recessive syndrome in a family with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy associated with alopecia and PPK (named CAPK). Genetic investigation of the family led us to find a homozygous disease-causing mutation, p.R265H, in JUP which encodes plakoglobin, a well-described member of the desmosome complex. This study expands the clinical spectrum of disorders associated with germline mutations affecting desmosomal proteins by describing a novel phenotype. © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists.

Verhaaren B.F.J.,University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston | Smith J.A.,Medical Informatics | Ikram M.K.,Internal Medicine | Adams H.H.,Clinical Chemistry | And 81 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics | Year: 2015

Background-The burden of cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH) is associated with an increased risk of stroke, dementia, and death. WMH are highly heritable, but their genetic underpinnings are incompletely characterized. To identify novel genetic variants influencing WMH burden, we conducted a meta-analysis of multiethnic genome-wide association studies. Methods and Results-We included 21 079 middle-aged to elderly individuals from 29 population-based cohorts, who were free of dementia and stroke and were of European (n=17 936), African (n=1943), Hispanic (n=795), and Asian (n=405) descent. WMH burden was quantified on MRI either by a validated automated segmentation method or a validated visual grading scale. Genotype data in each study were imputed to the 1000 Genomes reference. Within each ethnic group, we investigated the relationship between each single-nucleotide polymorphism and WMH burden using a linear regression model adjusted for age, sex, intracranial volume, and principal components of ancestry. A meta-analysis was conducted for each ethnicity separately and for the combined sample. In the European descent samples, we confirmed a previously known locus on chr17q25 (P=2.7×10-19) and identified novel loci on chr10q24 (P=1.6×10-9) and chr2p21 (P=4.4×10-8). In the multiethnic meta-analysis, we identified 2 additional loci, on chr1q22 (P=2.0×10-8) and chr2p16 (P=1.5×10-8). The novel loci contained genes that have been implicated in Alzheimer disease (chr2p21 and chr10q24), intracerebral hemorrhage (chr1q22), neuroinflammatory diseases (chr2p21), and glioma (chr10q24 and chr2p16). Conclusions-We identified 4 novel genetic loci that implicate inflammatory and glial proliferative pathways in the development of WMH in addition to previously proposed ischemic mechanisms. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

Kloiber S.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry | Ripke S.,Center for Human Genetic Research | Kohli M.A.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Reppermund S.,University of New South Wales | And 19 more authors.
European Neuropsychopharmacology | Year: 2013

Leptin, a peptide hormone from adipose tissue and key player in weight regulation, has been suggested to be involved in sleep and cognition and to exert antidepressant-like effects, presumably via its action on the HPA-axis and hippocampal function. This led us to investigate whether genetic variants in the leptin gene, the level of leptin mRNA-expression and leptin serum concentrations are associated with response to antidepressant treatment. Our sample consisted of inpatients from the Munich Antidepressant Response Signature (MARS) project with weekly Hamilton Depression ratings, divided into two subsamples. In the exploratory sample (n = 251) 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering the leptin gene region were genotyped. We found significant associations of several SNPs with impaired antidepressant treatment outcome and impaired cognitive performance after correction for multiple testing. The SNP (rs10487506) showing the highest association with treatment response (p = 3.9×10-5) was analyzed in the replication sample (n = 358) and the association could be verified (p = 0.021) with response to tricyclic antidepressants. In an additional meta-analysis combining results from the MARS study with data from the Genome-based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression (GENDEP) and the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) studies, nominal associations of several polymorphisms in the upstream vicinity of rs10487506 with treatment outcome were detected (p = 0.001). In addition, we determined leptin mRNA expression in lymphocytes and leptin serum levels in subsamples of the MARS study. Unfavorable treatment outcome was accompanied with decreased leptin mRNA and leptin serum levels. Our results suggest an involvement of leptin in antidepressant action and cognitive function in depression with genetic polymorphisms in the leptin gene, decreased leptin gene expression and leptin deficiency in serum being risk factors for resistance to antidepressant therapy in depressed patients. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP.

Jahic A.,Jena University Hospital | Khundadze M.,Jena University Hospital | Jaenisch N.,Jena University Hospital | Schule R.,University of Tübingen | And 12 more authors.
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases | Year: 2015

Background: The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are rare neurodegenerative gait disorders which are genetically highly heterogeneous. For each single form, eventual consideration of therapeutic strategies requires an understanding of the mechanism by which mutations confer pathogenicity. SPG8 is a dominantly inherited HSP, and associated with rather early onset and rapid progression. A total of nine mutations in KIAA0196, which encodes the WASH regulatory complex (SHRC) member strumpellin, have been reported in SPG8 patients so far. Based on biochemical and cell biological approaches, they have been suggested to act via loss of function-mediated haploinsufficiency. Methods: We generated a deletion-based knockout allele for E430025E21Rik, i.e. the murine homologue of KIAA0196. The consequences on mRNA and protein levels were analyzed by qPCR and Western-blotting, respectively. Motor performance was evaluated by the foot-base angle paradigm. Axon outgrowth and relevant organelle compartments were investigated in primary neuron cultures and primary fibroblast cultures, respectively. A homemade multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay enabling identification of large inactivating KIAA0196 deletion alleles was applied to DNA from 240 HSP index patients. Results: Homozygous but not heterozygous mice showed early embryonic lethality. No transcripts from the knockout allele were detected, and the previously suggested compensation by the wild-type allele upon heterozygosity was disproven. mRNA expression of genes encoding other SHRC members was unaltered, while there was evidence for reduced SHRC abundance at protein level. We did, however, neither observe HSP-related in vivo and ex vivo phenotypes, nor alterations affecting endosomal, lysosomal, or autophagic compartments. KIAA0196 copy number screening excluded large inactivating deletion mutations in HSP patients. The consequences of monoallelic KIAA0196/E430025E21Rik activation thus differ from those observed for dominant HSP genes for which a loss-of-function mechanism is well established. Conclusions: Our data do not support the current view that heterozygous loss of strumpellin/SHRC function leads to haploinsufficiency and, in turn, to HSP. The lethality of homozygous knockout mice, i.e. the effect of complete loss of function, also argues against a dominant negative effect of mutant on wild-type strumpellin in patients. Toxic gain-of-function represents a potential alternative explanation. Confirmation of this therapeutically relevant hypothesis in vivo, however, will require availability of appropriate knockin models. © 2016 Jahic et al.

Duman D.,Ankara University | Sirmaci A.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Cengiz F.B.,Ankara University | Ozdag H.,Ankara University | And 2 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2011

More than 60% of prelingual deafness is genetic in origin, and of these up to 95% are monogenic autosomal recessive traits. Causal mutations have been identified in 1 of 38 different genes in a subset of patients with nonsyndromic autosomal recessive deafness. In this study, we screened 49 unrelated Turkish families with at least three affected children born to consanguineous parents. Probands from all families were negative for mutations in the GJB2 gene, two large deletions in the GJB6 gene, and the 1555A>G substitution in the mitochondrial DNA MTRNR1 gene. Each family was subsequently screened via autozygosity mapping with genomewide single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays. If the phenotype cosegregated with a haplotype flanking one of the 38 genes, mutation analysis of the gene was performed. We identified 22 different autozygous mutations in 11 genes, other than GJB2, in 26 of 49 families, which overall explains deafness in 62% of families. Relative frequencies of genes following GJB2 were MYO15A (9.9%), TMIE (6.6%), TMC1 (6.6%), OTOF (5.0%), CDH23 (3.3%), MYO7A (3.3%), SLC26A4 (1.7%), PCDH15 (1.7%), LRTOMT (1.7%), SERPINB6 (1.7%), and TMPRSS3 (1.7%). Nineteen of 22 mutations are reported for the first time in this study. Unknown rare genes for deafness appear to be present in the remaining 23 families. Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Wang L.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Beecham A.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Zhuo D.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Dong C.,University of Miami | And 4 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics | Year: 2012

Background-Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a subclinical measure for atherosclerosis. Previously, we have mapped quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for CIMT to chromosomes 7p (maximum logarithm of odds=3.1) and to 14q (maximum logarithm of odds=2.3). We sought to identify the underlying genetic variants within those QTLs. Methods and Results-Using the 100 extended Dominican Republican (DR) families (N=1312) used in the original linkage study, we fine mapped the QTLs with 2031 tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Promising SNPs in the family data set were examined in an independent population-based subcohort comprised of DR individuals (N=553) from the Northern Manhattan Study. Among the families, evidence for association (P<0.001) was found in multiple genes (ANLN, AOAH, FOXN3, CCDC88C, PRiMA1, and an intergenic SNP rs1667498), with the strongest association at PRiMA1 (P=0.00007, corrected P=0.047). Additional analyses revealed that the association at these loci, except PRiMA1, was highly significant (P=0.00004≈0.00092) in families with evidence for linkage, but not in the rest of families (P=0.13-0.80) and the population-based cohort, suggesting the genetic effects at these SNPs are limited to a subgroup of families. In contrast, the association at PRiMA1 was significant in both families with and without evidence for linkage (P=0.002 and 0.019, respectively) and the population-based subcohort (P=0.047), supporting a robust association. Conclusions-We identified several candidate genes for CIMT in DR families. Some of the genes manifest genetic effects within a specific subgroup and others were generalized to all groups. Future studies are needed to further evaluate the contribution of these genes to atherosclerosis. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.

Kohli M.A.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Kohli M.A.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry | Salyakina D.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Salyakina D.,Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry | And 13 more authors.
Archives of General Psychiatry | Year: 2010

Context: A consistent body of evidence supports a role of reduced neurotrophic signaling in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidal behavior. Especially in suicide victims, lower postmortem brain messenger RNA and protein levels of neurotrophins and their receptors have been reported. Objective: To determine whether the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene or its high-affinity receptor gene, receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (NTRK2), confer risk for suicide attempt (SA) and MDD by investigating common genetic variants in these loci. Design: Eighty-three tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering the genetic variability of these loci in European populations were assessed in a casecontrol association design. Setting: Inpatients and screened control subjects. Participants: The discovery sample consisted of 394 depressed patients, of whom 113 had SA, and 366 matched healthy control subjects. The replication studies comprised 744 German patients with MDD and 921 African American nonpsychiatric clinic patients, of whom 152 and 119 were positive for SA, respectively. Interventions: Blood or saliva samples were collected from each participant for DNA extraction and genotyping. Main Outcome Measures: Associations of SNPs in BDNF and NTRK2 with SA and MDD. Results: Independent SNPs within NTRK2 were associated with SA among depressed patients of the discovery sample that could be confirmed in both the German and African American replication samples. Multilocus interaction analysis revealed that single SNP associations within this locus contribute to the risk of SA in a multiplicative and interactive fashion (P=4.7 × 10 -7 for a 3-SNP model in the combined German sample). The effect size was 4.5 (95% confidence interval, 2.1-9.8) when patients carrying risk genotypes in all 3 markers were compared with those without any of the 3 risk genotypes. Conclusions: Our results suggest that a combination of several independent risk alleles within the NTRK2 locus is associated with SA in depressed patients, further supporting a role of neurotrophins in the pathophysiology of suicide. ©2010 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

DeLorenze G.N.,Kaiser Permanente | Nelson C.L.,Duke Clinical Research Institute | Scott W.K.,John P Hussman Institute For Human Genomics | Scott W.K.,University of Miami | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2016

Background. Staphylococcus aureus can cause life-threatening infections. Human susceptibility to S. aureus infection may be influenced by host genetic variation. Methods. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a large health plan-based cohort included biologic specimens from 4701 culture-confirmed S. aureus cases and 45 344 matched controls; 584 535 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped on an array specific to individuals of European ancestry. Coverage was increased by imputation of >25 million common SNPs, using the 1000 Genomes Reference panel. In addition, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) serotypes were also imputed. Results. Logistic regression analysis, performed under the assumption of an additive genetic model, revealed several imputed SNPs (eg, rs115231074: odds ratio [OR], 1.22 [P = 1.3 × 10-10]; rs35079132: OR, 1.24 [P = 3.8 × 10-8]) achieving genome-wide significance on chromosome 6 in the HLA class II region. One adjacent genotyped SNP was nearly genome-wide significant (rs4321864: OR, 1.13; P = 8.8 × 10-8). These polymorphisms are located near the genes encoding HLA-DRA and HLA-DRB1. Results of further logistic regression analysis, in which the most significant GWAS SNPs were conditioned on HLA-DRB1∗04 serotype, showed additional support for the strength of association between HLA class II genetic variants and S. aureus infection. Conclusions. Our study results are the first reported evidence of human genetic susceptibility to S. aureus infection. © The Author 2015.

Gunes N.,Istanbul University | Cengiz F.B.,Ankara University | Duman D.,Ankara University | Dervisoglu S.,Istanbul University | And 3 more authors.
Genetic Counseling | Year: 2014

We present an 18-day old boy with bilateral cervical cutaneous defect in the retroauricular region, low-set and posteriorly rotated ears, bilateral microphtalmia and bilateral pseudocleft of the upper lip. Histopathological evaluation of cervical cutaneous defect showed ulceration on the surface and ectopic thymus tissue in the deep dermis with cortex, medulla and Hassal's corpuscles. Clinical findings led to the diagnosis of Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome, characterized by branchial defects (erythematous cutaneous defects in cervical region), ocular anomalies (microphthalmia, anophthalmia, lacrimal duct obstruction, coloboma, cataract, ptosis) and facial defects (cleft lip and/or palate, pseudocleft or abnormal philtrum). DNA sequencing showed a novel heterozygous mutation, c.731T>C (p.L244P), in TFAP2A gene confirming the diagnosis of this rare autosomal dominant developmental disorder with variable clinical findings.

Rosentul D.C.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Plantinga T.S.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Farcas M.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Farcas M.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | And 14 more authors.
Medical Mycology | Year: 2014

Candida albicans can cause candidemia in neutropenic and critically ill patients and oropharyngeal candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with low CD4+ counts. Because all patients at risk do not develop Candida infections, it is possible that a patient's genetic background might play a role in his or her susceptibility to infection. Autophagy mediates pathogen clearance andmodulation of inflammation. Our aim was to assess the effect of genetic variations in the ATG16L1 and IRGM autophagy genes on the susceptibility of patients with candidemia and oropharyngeal candidiasis. We assessed genetic variations in the ATG16L1 and IRGM genes in a cohort of candidemia patients of both African and European origin. In addition, we evaluated the effect of these polymorphisms on the susceptibility to oropharyngeal candidiasis of an HIV-positive cohort from Tanzania. Functional studies have been performed to assess the effect of the ATG16L1 and IRGM genetic variants on both in vitro and in vivo cytokine production. The results indicate that ATG16L1 variants modulate production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, but not other cytokines, while no effects were seen in the presence of IRGM polymorphisms. In addition, no significant associations between the singlenucleotide polymorphisms in the ATG16L1 and IRGM genetic variants and the incidence of candidemia or oropharyngeal candidiasis were identified. Despite moderate effects on the modulation of proinflammatory cytokine production, genetic variation in the autophagy genes ATG16L1 and IRGM has a minor impact on the susceptibility to both mucosal and systemic Candida infections. © The Author 2014.

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