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Baltimore Highlands, MD, United States

Cathro H.P.,University of Virginia | Bullock G.C.,University of Pittsburgh | Bonatti H.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | Meriden Z.,The John Hopkins Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Transplant Infectious Disease | Year: 2014

Background: Although the majority of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) cases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), 20-42% of cases are EBV negative (EBV-N). The antigenic stimulus that drives EBV-N PTLD is unknown, but is likely heterogeneous. A common feature of PTLD, regardless of EBV status, is an abnormal polytypic lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. Immunglobulin-G4 (IgG4) syndrome is also characterized by a polytypic lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with a predominance of IgG4-positive (IgG4-P) plasma cells. Methods: We investigated the possibility of an association between EBV-N PTLD and IgG4 syndrome. Of 33 evaluated PTLD cases, 9 (27%) were EBV-N. EBV-N PTLD cases showed longer transplantation-to-diagnosis times than EBV-positive cases. Results: A single patient had a preceding benign duodenal biopsy with focally prominent IgG4-P plasma cells; however, no clinical data supported IgG4 syndrome, precluding an association between IgG4 syndrome and subsequent EBV-N PTLD in this patient. Conclusion: As none of 29 evaluable cases of PTLD (including all 9 EBV-N cases) were associated with an increase in IgG4-P plasma cells, IgG4 syndrome does not appear to play a role in the etiology of EBV-N PTLD. The significance of these findings and the current understanding of the etiology of EBV-N PTLD are discussed. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Ojala T.,University of Helsinki | Nupponen I.,University of Helsinki | Saloranta C.,University of Helsinki | Sarkola T.,University of Helsinki | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2015

We report a fetal case with fatal outcome having a novel mutation in the HADHB gene, coding the beta-subunit of the mitochondrial trifunctional protein. Parents had a previous pregnancy loss due to fetal heart failure and hydrops. The next pregnancy led to left ventricular noncompaction and increasing pleural effusions after 29 gestational weeks. The fetus was small for gestational age, and long bones were abnormally short. The baby was born severely asphyxiated at 32 gestational weeks by cesarean section. Intensive care was withdrawn due to failure to thrive and suspicion of a severe mitochondrial disorder. Postmortem brain MRI suggested microcephaly with a simplified gyral pattern. The lateral cerebral ventricles were normal. Chromosome analysis was normal (46, XX). Fibroblasts cultured from a skin biopsy of the baby revealed the large homozygous deletion c.1109+243_1438-703del in the HADHB gene, and heterozygous mutations were detected in both parents. The deletion has not been reported earlier. Conclusion: It is important to differentiate systemic metabolic diseases from disorders that affect only the cardiac muscle. Trifunctional protein deficiency is a relatively rare disorder of the fatty acid β-oxidation cycle. The mutation in the HADHB gene causes a systemic disease with early-onset cardiomyopathy. Understanding the molecular genetic defect of the patient allows appropriate genetic counseling of the family.What is Known:• Mitochondrial disorders as a group are an important etiology for fetal cardiomyopathies including human trifunctional protein (TFP) disorders and several other mitochondrial diseases.What is New:• We report a fetal case with fatal outcome having a novel mitochondrial trifunctional protein mutation (c.1109+243_1438-703del in the HADHB gene). © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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