Walker R.E.,University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee |
Gordon M.,John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County
Health Education and Behavior | Year: 2014
The alarming obesity prevalence in Black women is well documented yet poorly understood. Obesity interventions for Black women have failed to produce long-term reductions in weight. Recommendations to incorporate a lifestyle and behavioral modification approach have been made to address obesity in this population. The purpose of this article was to provide a comprehensive review of the literature to identify lifestyle and behavioral modification obesity intervention studies for Black women. We included articles published between February 1992 and January 2013. This search identified 28 articles from the PsycInfo, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus databases. Results of these studies were summarized primarily into six categories. The importance of modest improvements in health outcomes that result from adapting healthier behaviors was highlighted. Future research is required for identifying the most salient intervention component or combination of components that lead to the best outcomes for ensuring intervention success and minimizing weight regain postintervention. © 2013 Society for Public Health Education.
Cejtin H.E.,John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County |
Cejtin H.E.,Northwestern University
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2012
More women than ever before are both human immunodeficiency virus infected and menopausal, because of increased survival and more frequent diagnosis in older women. Such a woman has the combined burden of her infection, its treatment, comorbid conditions, and aging. Thus, she is at risk for a variety of problems, such as disorders of bone mineral density and deficiencies in cognitive functioning. In addition to this, she experiences menopause in a unique fashion, with more symptoms and perhaps at an earlier age. The clinician caring for her must take a proactive approach to this multitude of factors that may affect her health and well-being. © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Friedman L.S.,University of Illinois at Chicago |
Friedman L.S.,Social Policy Research Institute |
Avila S.,John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County |
Tanouye K.,Advocate Lutheran General Hospital |
Joseph K.,John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society | Year: 2011
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the severity and outcome of traumatic injuries suffered by victims of elder abuse, describe the characteristics of the perpetrators, and identify risk factors associated with severe traumatic elder abuse. DESIGN: Case - control study. SETTING: Two Level I trauma units in the greater Chicago, Illinois, metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one cases of elder abuse resulting in severe traumatic injury were identified between 1999 and 2006. Controls were randomly selected from the list of elderly patients in the trauma registry (N = 123). MEASUREMENTS: Elder abuse was defined according to the Illinois Elder Abuse and Neglect Act. RESULTS: In this study, 85% of the perpetrators were family members or intimate partners. In the final multivariable logistic regression model, victims of severe traumatic elder abuseweremore likely to be female, to have a neurological or mental disorder, and to abuse drugs or alcohol. CONCLUSION: This is the first clinical case - control study detailing clinical outcomes and evaluating risk factors of persons suffering severe physical abuse. Of elderly trauma victims, those who are physically abused have more-severe injuries than their nonabused counterparts. More research is needed to better evaluate risk factors of physical abuse and effective interventions. © 2011, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2011, The American Geriatrics Society.
Sam R.,San Francisco General Hospital |
Hart P.,John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County |
Haghighat R.,San Francisco General Hospital |
Ing T.S.,Loyola University
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology | Year: 2012
Background: A high incidence of hypernatremia is often observed in patients recovering from acute kidney injury (AKI) in intensive care units. Methods: An unselected cohort of 20 adult patients recovering from AKI in the intensive care unit of a single institution during a 1-year period, were investigated. Serum and urine electrolytes, osmolality, urea nitrogen and creatinine were measured in an attempt to determine the cause of the hypernatremia. Results: Eighty-eight percent of patients who could not drink fluids were found to have hypernatremia (serum Na >145 mEq/L). Even though the hypernatremia was mild in most patients (146-160 mEq/L), the average rise in serum sodium concentration was 17.4 mEq/L. The average urine osmolality was 384 mmol/kg of which 47.6 and 32.8 mmol/kg were contributed by sodium and potassium, respectively. The patients had hypervolemia as evidenced by the presence of edema and an average weight gain of 21.5 kg at the onset of the hypernatremia. The rise in serum sodium level coincided with an increase in urine output. Conclusion: The hypernatremia is believed to be due to post-AKI diuresis in the face of inability to maximally concentrate the urine because of renal failure. The diuresis caused a disproportionate loss of water in excess of that of sodium in the absence of replenishment of the water loss. Additionally, the patients were hypervolemic due to the retention of large quantities of sodium and water as a result of infusion of substantial volumes of physiological saline prior to the development of hypernatremia. © 2011 Japanese Society of Nephrology.
Abcarian A.M.,University of Illinois at Chicago |
Estrada J.J.,John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County |
Park J.,Advocate Lutheran General Hospital |
Corning C.,University of Illinois at Chicago |
And 4 more authors.
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum | Year: 2012
BACKGROUND: Transsphincteric fistulotomy is associated with a variable degree of fecal incontinence that is directly related to the thickness of the sphincter mechanism overlying the fistula. Staged fistulotomy with seton or the use of cutting seton designed to reduce the proportionate incontinence rates have failed to do so. This has resulted in attempts to find novel sphincter-sparing techniques in the past 2 decades including draining seton, fibrin sealant, anal fistula plug, dermal advancement, and endorectal advancement flaps. These operations have a variable success rates of 30% to 80% reported in the literature. OBJECTIVE: In 2007, Rojanasakul from Thailand demonstrated a novel technique, ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract, and reported a 94% success rate in a small series. Since then, a few other small cohorts of patients have been reported in the literature with success rates varying from 57% to 82%. An institutional review board-approved study was proposed to measure our results and compare them with the published data. DESIGN: This study was undertaken to evaluate the success of ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedures in a group of unselected transsphincteric fistulas deemed unsuitable for lay-open fistulotomy. SETTING: The procedure was performed in 3 different settings: a public institution, a major university hospital, and a large private hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 40 patients underwent 41 ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedures performed by 6 Board-certified colon and rectal surgeons. RESULTS: In a mean follow-up of 18 weeks, 74% of the patients achieved healing. In patients who underwent ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract as their primary procedure, the healing rate was 90%. The limitation of this study is its "case series" nature and the short mean follow-up period of 18 weeks. CONCLUSION: Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract has had excellent success in transsphincteric fistulas in multiple small series. A larger number of patients and longer follow-up period are needed to validate the early favorable results. © The ASCRS 2012.