Time filter

Source Type

Meadows T.A.,Mid Carolina Cardiology | Bhatt D.L.,Brigham and Women's Hospital | Cannon C.P.,Harvard University | Gersh B.J.,Mayo Medical School | And 7 more authors.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ethnic-specific differences in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes exist worldwide among individuals with stable arterial disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 1, 2003, to June 30, 2004, the prospective, observational REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry enrolled 49,602 outpatients with coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, and/or peripheral arterial disease from 7 predefined ethnic/racial groups: white, Hispanic, East Asian, South Asian, Other Asian, black, and Other (comprising any race distinct from those specified). The baseline demographic and risk factor profiles, medication use, and 2-year cardiovascular outcomes were assessed among these groups. RESULTS: The prevalence of traditional atherothrombotic risk factors varied significantly among the ethnic/racial groups. The use of medical therapies to reduce risk was comparable among all groups. At 2-year follow-up, the rate of cardiovascular death was significantly higher in blacks (6.1%) compared with all other ethnic/ racial groups (3.9%; P=.01). Cardiovascular death rates were significantly lower in all 3 Asian ethnic/racial groups (overall, 2.1%) compared with the other groups (4.5%; P<.001). CONCLUSION:The REACH Registry, a large international study of individuals with atherothrombotic disease, documents the important ethnic-specific differences in cardiovascular risk factors and variations in cardiovascular mortality that currently exist worldwide. © 2011 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.


PubMed | DSG and DGN Office, Hospital zum Heiligen Geist, University of Ulm, Goethe University Frankfurt and 7 more.
Type: | Journal: BMC medical education | Year: 2016

Neurogenic dysphagia is one of the most frequent and prognostically relevant neurological deficits in a variety of disorders, such as stroke, parkinsonism and advanced neuromuscular diseases. Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) is now probably the most frequently used tool for objective dysphagia assessment in Germany. It allows evaluation of the efficacy and safety of swallowing, determination of appropriate feeding strategies and assessment of the efficacy of different swallowing manoeuvres. The literature furthermore indicates that FEES is a safe and well-tolerated procedure. In spite of the huge demand for qualified dysphagia diagnostics in neurology, a systematic FEES education has not yet been established.The structured training curriculum presented in this article aims to close this gap and intends to enforce a robust and qualified FEES service. As management of neurogenic dysphagia is not confined to neurologists, this educational programme is applicable to other clinicians and speech-language therapists with expertise in dysphagia as well.The systematic education in carrying out FEES across a variety of different professions proposed by this curriculum will help to spread this instrumental approach and to improve dysphagia management.


Kiladjian J.-J.,Center dInvestigations Cliniques | Besses C.,Hospital Del Mar IMIM | Griesshammer M.,Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden | Gugliotta L.,S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Drug Investigation | Year: 2013

Background: The median age of patients diagnosed with essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is 65-70 years but the management of very elderly patients (aged >80 years) with ET has not been well characterized. Objective: This study aimed to document the treatment patterns of very elderly patients with ET in a multinational, real-world setting. Study Design: EXELS (Evaluation of Xagrid Efficacy and Long-term Safety) is a phase IV observational study, designed to monitor the efficacy and safety of cytoreductive therapies in clinical practice. In total, 3,598 high-risk patients with ET were recruited from May 2005 to April 2009, in 13 European countries. Data were collected at registration and every 6 months thereafter for 5 years. This analysis was performed on a data-cut taken approximately 2 years after the last patient was registered. Patients: In total, 395 patients aged >80 years at registration into EXELS were included in the analysis; of these, 42.2 % had experienced a previous thrombohaemorrhagic event. Results: At registration, the most frequently prescribed cytoreductive therapy for patients aged >80 years was hydroxycarbamide (HC), which accounted for 82.8 % of patients whereas anagrelide use was less frequent (8.6 %). Very elderly patients were more likely to be switched from anagrelide than from HC (47.1 vs. 17.4 %; 95 % confidence interval for difference in proportion 12.4-46.9; Chi-squared test p < 0.001). Median platelet count during treatment was ~430 × 109/L. In patients aged >80 years, the main reason for switch was intolerance/side effects (34.1 %); 0/16 patients reported treatment with anagrelide was non-efficacious compared with 8/57 (14 %) patients receiving HC, and 7/16 (43.8 %) anagrelide patients switched because of intolerance versus 18/57 (31.6 %) patients receiving HC. At least one predefined clinical event (PDE) was experienced by 27.3 % of patients aged >80 years. The most common PDEs reported in the very elderly age group were death (non-PDE related; 11.1 %), other cardiovascular symptoms (5.8 %), haematological transformation (3.8 %), congestive heart failure (3.3 %), myocardial infarction and angina (2.8 %), and thromboembolic events (6.3 %). Conclusion: Well-tolerated and effective cytoreductive therapy has been achieved in patients aged >80 years by following individual treatment modalities that appear in agreement with the recent European LeukemiaNet (ELN) guidelines. Clinical Trial Registration: Registered as ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00567502; Protocol No: SPD422-401. © 2012 The Author(s).


Stranzenbach R.,Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden | Stadler R.,Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden
Hautarzt | Year: 2015

A 24-year-old man with no significant medical history was admitted to this hospital because of an acute exanthema, myalgia and malaise. A fourth-generation screening test for HIV was reactive but the following confirmation test was not. Although the patient did not belong to a high risk group, we decided to perform a HIV-RNA-PCR. The result showed a high virus load so that we finally diagnosed a primary HIV infection. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Birka M.,University of Munster | Wentker K.S.,University of Munster | Lusmoller E.,Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden | Arheilger B.,Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden | And 5 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2015

The combined use of elemental bioimaging and speciation analysis is presented as a novel means for the diagnosis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), a rare disease occurring after administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in skin samples of patients suffering from renal insufficiency. As the pathogenesis of NSF is still largely unknown particularly with regard to the distribution and potential retention of gadolinium in the human organism, a skin biopsy sample from a suspected NSF patient was investigated. The combination of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS for quantitative elemental bioimaging, and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) ICP-MS for speciation analysis allowed one to unambiguously diagnose the patient as a case of NSF. By means of ICP-MS, a total gadolinium concentration from 3.02 to 4.58 mg/kg was determined in the biopsy sample, indicating a considerable deposition of gadolinium in the patient's skin. LA-ICP-MS revealed a distinctly inhomogeneous distribution of gadolinium as well as concentrations of up to 400 mg/kg in individual sections of the skin biopsy. Furthermore, the correlation between the distributions of phosphorus and gadolinium suggests the presence of GdPO4 deposits in the tissue section. Speciation analysis by means of HILIC-ICP-MS showed the presence of the intact GBCA Gd-HP-DO3A eight years after the administration to the patient. The concentration of the contrast agent in the aqueous extract of the skin biopsy was found to be 1.76 nmol/L. Moreover, evidence for the presence of further highly polar gadolinium species in low concentrations was found. (Figure Presented). © 2015 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | Private Practice, Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden and University of Cologne
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oral and maxillofacial surgery | Year: 2016

The survival of patients with oral cancer is decreased by locoregional recurrence after an initial multimodal treatment. In order to identify lesions in the oral cavity for a possible recurrence, clinical evaluation as well as MRI or CT scanning is advised. The evaluation of mucosa lesions is hampered by changes related to radio- and chemotherapy as well as reconstruction with tissue flaps. Several techniques for easier identification of tissue abnormalities in the oral cavity have been advocated as adjuncts in order to facilitate identification. Especially methods using altered tissue fluorescence have gained much interest during the last decade. The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate fluorescence properties of undiagnosed mucosa lesions with the VELscope device in patients with multimodal treated oral cancer prior to histological confirmation. In total, 41 patients with a history of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) (19 females and 22 males) with undiagnosed mucosa lesions where included in the study. After clinical evaluation, examination and documentation using the VELscope device were performed. Then, an incisional biopsy was performed. An autofluorescence loss indicating a malignant or dysplastic mucosa condition could be detected in six patients (14.6%); however, only one OSCC and one SIN revealed a complete autofluorescence loss. In four patients, OSCC was present in lesions with retained autofluorescence. Sensitivity and specificity for the VELscope examination to identify malignant oral lesions by autofluorescence were 33.3 and 88.6%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 33.3 and 88.6%, respectively. No statistical correlation between gender and lesion appearance versus autofluorescence loss could be detected. In contrast to mucosa lesions in patients with no prior treatment, the autofluorescence evaluation with the VELscope reveals no additional information in our analysis. Accordingly, invasive biopsies as gold standard are still needed to get sufficient evidence regarding potential malignancy in patients after multimodal treatment for oral cancer.


Weiser L.,University of Hamburg | Ruppel A.A.,Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden | Nuchtern J.V.,University of Hamburg | Sellenschloh K.,TU Hamburg - Harburg | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery | Year: 2015

Introduction: Due to the demographic trend, pertrochanteric fractures of the femur will gain increasing importance in the future. Both extra- and intramedullary implants are used with good results in the treatment of these fractures. New, angular stable extramedullary implants promise increased postoperative stability even with unstable fractures. Additional trochanteric plates are intended to prevent secondary impaction, varisation and shortening of the fracture, as well as medialisation of the femoral shaft. The aim of this study was to perform a biomechanical comparison of both procedures regarding their postoperative stability and failure mechanisms. Materials and methods: Twelve fresh-frozen human femurs were randomized into two groups based on the volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD). Standardized pertrochanteric fractures (AO31-A2.3) were generated and treated either with an angular stable dynamic hip screw (DHS) or an intramedullary nail (nail). Correct implant position and the tip–apex distance (TAD) were controlled postoperatively using X-ray. Specimens were mounted in a servohydraulic testing machine and an axial loading was applied according to a single-leg stance model. Both groups were biomechanically compared with regard to native and postoperative stiffness, survival during cyclic testing, load to failure, and failure mechanisms. Results: TAD, vBMD, and native stiffness were similar for both groups. The stiffness decreased significantly from native to postoperative state in all specimens (p < 0.001). The postoperative stiffness of both groups varied non-significantly (p = 0.275). The failure loads for specimens treated with the nail were significantly higher than for those treated with the DHS (8480.8 ± 1238.9 N vs. 2778.2 ± 196.8 N; p = 0.008). Conclusions: Extra- and intramedullary osteosynthesis showed comparable results as regards postoperative stiffness and survival during cyclic testing. Since the failure load of the nail was significantly higher in the tested AO31-A2.3 fracture model, we conclude that intramedullary implants should be preferred in these, unstable, fractures. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | University of Tübingen, University of Hamburg, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Endocrine pathology | Year: 2016

WHO classifications should be used for comparing the results from different groups of pathologist and clinicians by standardized histopathological methods. Our present report describes the important parameters of pituitary adenoma pathology as demand of the WHO classification for correlation to endocrine data and prognosis. The combination of HE stain based structures with immunostainings for pituitary hormones allows subclassification of adenomas as the best method not only for correlations to clinical hyperfunctions but also for statements to the sensitivity of drug therapies (somatostatin analogs, dopamine agonists). GH-, PRL- and ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas are further classified based on the size and number of their secretory granules by electron microscopy, or as is mostly the case nowadays by cytokeratin staining pattern, into densely and sparsely granulated. Granulation pattern may be considered for the prediction of treatment response in patients with GH-secreting adenomas, since the sparsely granulated subtype was shown to be less responsive to somatostatin analog treatment. For prognosis, it is important to identify aggressive adenomas by measurements of the Ki-67 index, of the number of mitoses, and of nuclear expression of p53. Among the criteria for atypical adenomas, high Ki-67 labeling index and invasive character are the most important adverse prognostic factors. Promising molecular markers have been identified that might supplement the currently used proliferation parameters. For defining atypical adenomas in a future histopathological classification system, we propose to provide the proliferative potential and the invasive character separately.


PubMed | University of Tübingen, University of Hamburg, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Endocrine pathology | Year: 2016

The review assesses immunohistochemical findings of somatostatin receptors and of metalloproteinases in different pituitary adenoma types and the significance of molecular genetic data. Current evidence does not support routine immunohistochemical assessment of somatostatin or dopamine receptor subtype expression on hormone-secreting or nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas. Further prospective studies are needed to define its role for clinical decision making. Until then we suggest to restrict membrane receptor profiling to individual cases or for study purposes. The problems of adenoma expansion and invasion are discussed. Despite partially contradictory publications, proteases clearly play a major role in permission of infiltrative growth of pituitary adenomas. Therefore, detection of at least MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-2, and uPA seems to be justified. Molecular characterization is important for familial adenomas, adenomas in MEN, Carney complex, and McCune-Albright syndrome and can gain insight into pathogenesis of sporadic adenomas.


PubMed | Queen's University of Belfast, Ospedale Cardinal Massaia, University of Hamburg, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi and 8 more.
Type: | Journal: Leukemia | Year: 2016

Ruxolitinib is an oral Janus-activated kinase 1 (JAK1)/JAK2 inhibitor approved for the treatment of patients with myelofibrosis based on the results of two randomized clinical trials. However, discordant indications were provided by regulatory agencies and scientific societies for selecting the most appropriate candidates to this drug. The European LeukemiaNet and the Italian Society of Hematology shared the aim of building evidence-based recommendations for the use of ruxolitinib according to the GRADE methodology. Eighteen patient-intervention-comparator-outcome profiles were listed, each of them comparing ruxolitinib to other therapies with the aim of improving one of the three clinical outcomes: (a) splenomegaly, (b) disease-related symptoms, and (c) survival. Ruxolitinib was strongly recommended for improving symptomatic or severe (>15cm below the costal margin) splenomegaly in patients with an International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS)/dynamic IPSS risk intermediate 2 or high. Ruxolitinib was also strongly recommended for improving systemic symptoms in patients with an MPN10 score >44, refractory severe itching, unintended weight loss not attributable to other causes or unexplained fever. Because of weak evidence, the panel does not recommend ruxolitinib therapy for improving survival. Also, the recommendations given above do not necessarily apply to patients who are candidates for allogeneic stem cell transplant.Leukemia advance online publication, 18 November 2016; doi:10.1038/leu.2016.283.

Loading Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden collaborators
Loading Johannes Wesling Klinikum Minden collaborators