PubMed | Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2015
Research in the dental field is progressing at mightier speed worldwide, but an unfortunately representation of India at this platform is negligible. The present study was undertaken to unearth the barriers for dental research among dental professionals in Indian scenario.A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted on 1514 participants (Master of Dental Surgery and Bachelor of Dental Surgery staff) and postgraduates in 40 dental colleges of India selected by multistage random sampling. The response rate was 75.7%. The survey was undertaken from July 2013 to December 2013. The survey instrument was 24-item, investigator developed, self-structured, close-ended, and self-administered questionnaire grouped into four categories that are, institutional/departmental support related barriers, financial/training support related barriers, time-related barriers, and general barriers.Among all respondents 47.23% informed that they are administrative and educational work rather than research work as (P < 0.001). Overall 57.53% of study participants reported lack of administrative and technical support for research work as (P < 0.001). Overall 64.9% reported meager college funding was the barrier (P < 0.001). Overall 61.5% respondents reported lack of time to do research work due to clinical and teaching responsibilities (P < 0.001) was the barrier for research. Largely 80.25% agreed that, the lack of documentation and record maintenance are an obvious barrier for research (P < 0.001).Present study unearths certain barriers for research in an Indian scenario, which includes administrative overburden, lack of funds, and lack of documentation of the dental data. Governing authorities of dentistry in India have to make major interventions to make research non-intensive environment to research-friendly environment.
PubMed | Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Center and Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The National medical journal of India | Year: 2016
Public-private partnerships are being encouraged as a part of the comprehensive development framework. We assessed the work profiles of registered non-governmental organizations (NGO) working on health-related activities in Udaipur district, Rajasthan, India by conducting a 16-item pretested questionnaire study. The questions related to various facets of their activities, their scope and process of evaluation. Of the 66 NGOs selected, most (28 [42%]) were working among the general population and had a partnership with a public entity (43 [65.1%]). The running capital of most NGOs (27 [41%]) was `100 000-2 000 000. Only 25 (38%) had a monitoring system to evaluate their progress. There are immense opportunities for NGOs in the health sector in Udaipur. The need of the hour is to encourage various public and private institutions to work together to achieve excellence in healthcare and service delivery.
PubMed | Hospital & Research Center, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital, Sharad Panwar Dental College and Hospital, Pacific Dental College and research Center and Al Ameen Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016
Dental informatics is comparatively a juvenile and new field that has noteworthy potential for supporting clinical care, research, education and management. This field utilizes computer science, information sciences and the application of same to espouse dentistry. However, in the under-developed and developing countries almost most of the dentists are unacquainted about dental informatics, its goals, what it is capable of achieving and by what means they can get involved into it. Despite of emerging advances, certain conflicts also go along with it such as, professional under representation, security issues of the stored information due to universal access to computers high speed internet connections. Endnote software was used as resource material to collect literature which was carefully arranged in a synchronized way. Hence, the purpose of this review was to give an overall scenario of dental informatics, its applications, challenges and recommendations for further enhancement in this area.
PubMed | University of Dammam, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital and Vikram Perfect Multispecialty Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Contemporary clinical dentistry | Year: 2016
The aim of this in-vitro study was to assess the influence of shallow and deep palatal forms on the movement of teeth during the processing of complete denture prosthesis.Maxillary casts with shallow and deep palatal forms were selected and duplicated to make 10 casts of each palatal form. Base plates were constructed and teeth were arranged in their anatomic positions. Metal pins with true apex were placed on the central groove of the right and left first molars and one on the incisive papilla area as a reference point. Casts were scanned using i-CAT Vision Q 1.9 (i-CAT cone beam 3D dental imaging system by Imaging Sciences International, PA, USA), which has 360 rotational tomography. The distances between the apices of metallic pin inserts on the teeth and fitted point of reference were recorded in buccopalatal axes at waxed up stage, after deflasking, and after finishing and polishing.Results showed a statistically significant movement of teeth in shallow and deep palatal forms during all stages of complete denture processing. In shallow palatal form dentures, there was a significant tooth movement in palatal direction between Stages 1 and 2 (P 0.05) and buccal movement between Stages 2 and 3. In deep palatal form dentures, teeth showed a statistically significant (P 0.05) movement in buccal direction during all stages of denture processing.Teeth showed significant movement during processing of acrylic resin dentures. Overall, the movement of teeth in shallow palatal form dentures was in palatal direction, whereas in deep palatal form dentures, the movement of teeth was in buccal direction.
PubMed | Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental science, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital and Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of forensic dental sciences | Year: 2016
Teeth are hardest part of the body and are least affected by the taphonomic process. They are considered as one of the reliable methods of identification of a person in forensic sciences.The aim of the following study is to establish morphometeric measurements by AutoCad 2009 (Autodesk, Inc) of permanent maxillary central incisors in different age groups of Udaipur population.Hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in Udaipur.A study was carried out on 308 subjects of both genders with the age range of 9-68 years. Standardized intra-oral radiographs were made by paralleling technique and processed. The radiographs were scanned and the obtained images were standardized to the actual size of radiographic film. This was followed by measuring them using software AutoCad 2009.F-test, post-hoc test, Pearsons correlation test.For left maxillary central incisor, the total pulp area was found to be of 38.41 12.88 mm and 14.32 7.04 mm respectively. For right maxillary central incisor, the total pulp size was 38.39 14.95 mm and 12.35 5 mm respectively. Males (32.50, 32.87 mm(2)) had more pulp area when compared with females (28.82, 30.05 mm(2)).There was a decrease in total pulp area with increasing age which may be attributed to secondary dentin formation.
PubMed | Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital and Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2016
To study the genotoxic effects of tobacco on the exfoliated buccal epithelial cells in patients with oral precancerous lesions (OPLs) and Patients with tobacco habit but without oral precancerous lesion(habit controls) by using micronucleus assay as well as the quantification and detection of the biomarkers in these premalignant lesions which will be helpful in finding those patients who are at higher risk for malignant transformation.Forty samples were collected from the right and left side of buccal epithelial cells obtained from 20 individuals, i.e., 10 patients with habit control and 10 patients with OPLs. Statistical analysis was performed by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21.0 Unpaired t-test was performed to determine the micronucleated cell (MNC) and micronuclei (MN) frequencies in individuals; significance was set at P > 0.05.There was an increase in both the MNC and MN frequency from habit controls to OPLs, indicating that the number of cells with chromosomal damage and extent of chromosomal damage in each cell was high in OPLs.The MN count can be used as a noninvasive tool for early detection, educating patients, screening a large population, and to check the risk for malignancy, which in turn may help in treatment planning.
Agrawal B.,Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2012
Odontomas represent a hamartomatous malformation. They are usually asymptomatic and are diagnosed on routine radiological examination .The eruption and infection of odontoma are uncommon. Till now, only 20 cases of erupted odontoma are reported in the literature. We report an unusual case of infected complex odontoma with eruption of odontoma in the oral cavity and perforation of the cheeks with a tooth impacted upon which makes the presentation unusual that has not been reported earlier. The dentist should be familiar with common and unusual appearance of odontoma for proper diagnosis and management.
PubMed | University of Dammam, Vikram Perfect Multi Specialty Center and Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Dental research journal | Year: 2016
Mandibular discontinuity defects following a segmental mandibulectomy defects present a major challenge to the rehabilitation team. With no immediate intervention to rehabilitate the patient, definitive mandibular guidance prostheses with a metal guiding flange and acrylic teeth on the resected side can be used successfully to stabilize the occlusion and correct the deviation. The present case report describes the prosthodontic rehabilitation of a patient with a segmental mandibulectomy using a mandibular prosthesis with a metal guide flange and a maxillary stabilizing metal framework.
PubMed | Manipal University India and Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Prehospital and disaster medicine | Year: 2015
To assess General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) in India willingness to participate in disaster management and their previous training pertaining to disaster management, and to assess GDP objective knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding disaster management.This study was a cross-sectional survey conducted on all GDPs of Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Willingness to participate, perceived knowledge, perceived effectiveness, objective knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding disaster management were assessed through questionnaire method. Information also was collected regarding age, gender, religion, and residence.A total of 142 out of 180 GDPs participated in the study, representing a response rate of 79%. A majority (85%) of respondents were willing to participate in disaster management. Mean score for knowledge was 12.21%, for attitude was 33.56%, for behavior was 14.50%, and for perceived effectiveness was 9.08%. Significant correlations were observed between qualification and perceived effectiveness (P=.003), and between attitude and years of practice (P=.04). Willingness to participate in disaster management and age showed significant association (P=.000).High willingness and attitude to participate in disaster management was observed among respondents. Low knowledge and behavior scores were observed among GDPs.
PubMed | Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2015
The aim of the present research was to describe and compare the oral health of children with cerebral palsy (CP) with the normal children in India.Fifty children with CP of the age range 7-17 years and fifty normal children were selected for the study. An oral examination was carried out and decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) index, oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S) index, Angles malocclusion were charted along with other significant dental findings. Data were analyzed using Students t-test and Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA test.The mean dmft/DMFT of the CP group was 4.11 2.62, while that of controls was 2.95 2.75, which showed higher caries prevalence in the CP group. There was a significant association between the dmft/DMFT (P = 0.03), OHI-S (P = 0.001), and Angles Class 2 malocclusion and CP.Cerebral palsy group had higher caries, poor oral hygiene and Class 2 malocclusion when compared to controls primarily because of their compromised general health condition and also less dental awareness. Effort should be made for better organization of preventive dental care and promoting dental health of this challenged population.