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Davangere, India

Adibatti M.,Pillar College | Sangeetha V.,Jjmmedical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Introduction: Sciatic Nerve is the nerve of the posterior compartment of thigh formed in the pelvis from the ventral rami of the L4 to S3 spinal nerves. It leaves the pelvis via the greater sciatic foramen below piriformis and divides into Common Peroneal Nerve (CPN) and Tibial Nerve (TN) at the level of the upper angle of the popliteal fossa. Higher division of the sciatic nerve is the most common variation where the TN and CPN may leave the pelvis through different routes. Such variation may lead to compression of the nerve and lead to Non-discogenic sciatica. Materials and Methods: Fifty lower limbs were used for the study from Department of Anatomy, J.J.M.M.C Davangere. Observation and Results: In our study on 25 cadavers (50 lower limbs), we have observed 4 (8%) lower limbs high division of sciatic nerve was noted. High division of sciatic nerve in the back of thigh was noted in one specimen (2%), while high division within the pelvis was noted in 3 specimens (6%), while in 46 (92%) it occurred outside the pelvis. Conclusion: Knowledge regarding such variation & differences in the course of sciatic nerve is important for the surgeons to plan for various surgical interventions pertaining to the gluteal region. The variant anatomy of sciatic nerve may cause piriformis syndrome and failure of sciatic nerve block. Hence present study is undertaken to know the level of division, exit, course, relationship to piriformis and variations in the branching pattern of sciatic nerve. Source


Kavita G.U.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Prakash S.S.,Jjmmedical College | Shashikala P.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

The present study was conducted to know the prevalence and spectrum of the helminthiasis in this part of the country. Of the 1000 children, whose stool sample was examined, 282 (28.2%) showed the presence of one or the other helminthic infestation. Ascariasis was found in 19.2% of the cases, ankylostomiasis in 3.4%, H.nana in 1.7%, Trichuris trichura in 2% and oxyuriasis in 1.4%. Ascariasis was found to be more common in preschool children (63%). All types of worm infestation showed an inclination towards male sex. Majority of the ascaris and oxyuriasis infestation occurred in the urban population while ankylostoma infestation occurred mainly in rural population. Much can be done by educating the people regarding sanitation, health and to live healthy life with the available limited resources and thus help in bringing down the prevalence of infestations and the miseries produced by them. Source


Manjunath V.,Jjmmedical College | Sharma A.,Sr. | Prakash M.R.,Ms Ramaiah Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015

Background and objectives: Strains producing AmpC ?-lactamases are emerging in many countries. Yet there remains a standard method to be found to detect the strains producing these enzymes. Many researchers have used a variety of methods to detect the enzyme production. We, in this study have made an attempt to find out the enzyme production from different gram negative bacteria and their prevalence in our tertiary care hospital. Method: Isolates were preliminarily screened for the production of AmpC enzyme using cefoxitin (30?g) disk. All the isolates resistant to cefoxitin were further subjected to AmpC disk test for confirmation. The results were analysed and tabulated. Results: From a total of 300 isolates, 118(39%) showed resistance to cefoxitin (Screen positives). These were further tested for confirmation by AmpC disk test. 42(36%) were confirmed to be true AmpC producers. E.coli (41%) followed by Klebsiella (26%) were found to be the highest AmpC producers. The isolates also showed resistance to routinely used antibiotics. Maximum sensitivity was only for cefepime. Conclusion: The increasing occurrence of AmpC producers has led to treatment failures of infections caused by gram negative bacteria. Hence their threat to the existing healthcare is immense and needs to taken seriously. © 2015, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All Rights Reserved. Source


Rajni S.,Jjmmedical College | Taj R.,Jjmmedical College | Jambale T.A.,Krishna Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Objectives: The association between established hypothyroidism and high cholesterol level is well known. The aim of the present study in to assess the association of thyroid hormones with serum lipids in hypothyroidism patients compared with normal person. Material And Method: The study included 30 diagnosed hypothyroid patients between the age group of 20-60 years as cases and 30 age and sex matched normal person as controls. Results: Hypothyroid patients had an increase in total cholesterol, Triglycerides and LDL cholesterol when compared to normal persons. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between raised TSH levels and serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Serum lipids abnormalities might be a potential link between hypothyroidism and Atherosclerosis. © 2014 Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source


Mangala G.K.,Jjmmedical College | Chandrappa N.R.,Jjmmedical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Dermatophytosis constitute a group of superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissue that is skin, hair and nail. These fungi are among the commonest infectious agents, and no geographic areas are without "ringworm". About 200 clinically diagnosed cases were included for the study. A detailed history was noted regarding age, sex, socioeconomic status, duration of illness and duration of treatment. Highest incidence was seen in the age group of 21-30 years, with 44 cases (22%). There was a male preponderance with 141 cases (70.5%). Dermatophytosis was common in low socioeconomic status 156 cases (78%). Source

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