Jjmmedical College

Davangere, India

Jjmmedical College

Davangere, India

Time filter

Source Type

Preethi B.P.,Jjmmedical College | Maitreyee D.S.,Jjmmedical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2010

Background: The concept of health has prevailed for centuries and dietary habits are changing with modernization. "Healthy eating" is perceived to be important and fruit juices are marketed and promoted aggressively as a "Health drink". Objectives: 1. To estimate the endogenous pH and titratable acidity of four fruit juices. [Freshly prepared- Apple and Sweet lime, Ready to drink- Frooti and Pulpy orange] 2. To assess the effect of these test drinks on the pH of the plaque in two groups. [DMFT, Decayed Missing Filled Teeth=0 and DMFT, Decayed Missing Filled Teeth >3] 3. To compare between the juices for the two groups. Methodology: 24 volunteers aged 20-30 years from the College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, were included and divided into 2 groups, based on the caries experience. The groups were randomly allocated for fruit juices and a four period cross-over study was designed. The endogenous pH of the fruit juices and plaque samples were collected at the baseline and after consumption of the fruit juices at 1, 5, 10, 15 and 30 minutes and was assessed by a digital pH meter. Statistical analysis was done by using the Student's t-test, ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc. Result: Four fruit juices were acidic and reduced the pH of the plaque. The maximum pH drop was observed in the ready to drink juices as compared to the fresh fruit juices in both the groups, but in group B, it dropped below the critical pH. Conclusion: The ready to drink juices have more cariogenic potential as compared to fresh fruit juices, especially for the caries active group.


Manjunath V.,Jjmmedical College | Sharma A.,ESI Hospital | Prakash M.R.,MS Ramaiah Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015

Background and objectives: Strains producing AmpC ?-lactamases are emerging in many countries. Yet there remains a standard method to be found to detect the strains producing these enzymes. Many researchers have used a variety of methods to detect the enzyme production. We, in this study have made an attempt to find out the enzyme production from different gram negative bacteria and their prevalence in our tertiary care hospital. Method: Isolates were preliminarily screened for the production of AmpC enzyme using cefoxitin (30?g) disk. All the isolates resistant to cefoxitin were further subjected to AmpC disk test for confirmation. The results were analysed and tabulated. Results: From a total of 300 isolates, 118(39%) showed resistance to cefoxitin (Screen positives). These were further tested for confirmation by AmpC disk test. 42(36%) were confirmed to be true AmpC producers. E.coli (41%) followed by Klebsiella (26%) were found to be the highest AmpC producers. The isolates also showed resistance to routinely used antibiotics. Maximum sensitivity was only for cefepime. Conclusion: The increasing occurrence of AmpC producers has led to treatment failures of infections caused by gram negative bacteria. Hence their threat to the existing healthcare is immense and needs to taken seriously. © 2015, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All Rights Reserved.


Adibatti M.,Pillar College | Sangeetha V.,Jjmmedical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Introduction: Sciatic Nerve is the nerve of the posterior compartment of thigh formed in the pelvis from the ventral rami of the L4 to S3 spinal nerves. It leaves the pelvis via the greater sciatic foramen below piriformis and divides into Common Peroneal Nerve (CPN) and Tibial Nerve (TN) at the level of the upper angle of the popliteal fossa. Higher division of the sciatic nerve is the most common variation where the TN and CPN may leave the pelvis through different routes. Such variation may lead to compression of the nerve and lead to Non-discogenic sciatica. Materials and Methods: Fifty lower limbs were used for the study from Department of Anatomy, J.J.M.M.C Davangere. Observation and Results: In our study on 25 cadavers (50 lower limbs), we have observed 4 (8%) lower limbs high division of sciatic nerve was noted. High division of sciatic nerve in the back of thigh was noted in one specimen (2%), while high division within the pelvis was noted in 3 specimens (6%), while in 46 (92%) it occurred outside the pelvis. Conclusion: Knowledge regarding such variation & differences in the course of sciatic nerve is important for the surgeons to plan for various surgical interventions pertaining to the gluteal region. The variant anatomy of sciatic nerve may cause piriformis syndrome and failure of sciatic nerve block. Hence present study is undertaken to know the level of division, exit, course, relationship to piriformis and variations in the branching pattern of sciatic nerve.


Rajni S.,Jjmmedical College | Taj R.,Jjmmedical College | Jambale T.A.,Krishna Institute of Medical Science
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Objectives: The association between established hypothyroidism and high cholesterol level is well known. The aim of the present study in to assess the association of thyroid hormones with serum lipids in hypothyroidism patients compared with normal person. Material And Method: The study included 30 diagnosed hypothyroid patients between the age group of 20-60 years as cases and 30 age and sex matched normal person as controls. Results: Hypothyroid patients had an increase in total cholesterol, Triglycerides and LDL cholesterol when compared to normal persons. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between raised TSH levels and serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Serum lipids abnormalities might be a potential link between hypothyroidism and Atherosclerosis. © 2014 Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Mangala G.K.,Jjmmedical College | Chandrappa N.R.,Jjmmedical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Dermatophytosis constitute a group of superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissue that is skin, hair and nail. These fungi are among the commonest infectious agents, and no geographic areas are without "ringworm". About 200 clinically diagnosed cases were included for the study. A detailed history was noted regarding age, sex, socioeconomic status, duration of illness and duration of treatment. Highest incidence was seen in the age group of 21-30 years, with 44 cases (22%). There was a male preponderance with 141 cases (70.5%). Dermatophytosis was common in low socioeconomic status 156 cases (78%).


Preethi B.P.,Jjmmedical College | Maitreyee D.S.,Jjmmedical College | Khemka M.,Jjmmedical College
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2011

ABO hemolytic disease is the most common blood group incompatible hemolytic processes of the newborn period and is the major cause of neonatal jaundice attributed to maternal infant blood incompatibility. This was a prospective cohort study which included 50 consecutive term appropriate for gestational age babies with blood group either A, B or AB, born to O +ve mothers as the study group and another 25 consecutive term appropriate for gestational age babies with O+ve blood group born to mothers with O +ve blood group served as controls. Cord blood was used for estimation of bilirubun levels using Colorimetric method DMSO by ERBA semi-autoanalyzer. Mean cord bilirubin was increased in infants with group A and group B born to group O mothers. Significant jaundice was more often seen when mother-infant pair had O and A combinations respectively. When significant jaundice was going to develop serum bilirubin at 12 hours only was quite high and it kept on increasing and all the cases in the study group had developed significant jaundice by 24 hours, though we estimated serum bilirubin level upto 48 hours.


Kavita G.U.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Prakash S.S.,Jjmmedical College | Shashikala P.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

The present study was conducted to know the prevalence and spectrum of the helminthiasis in this part of the country. Of the 1000 children, whose stool sample was examined, 282 (28.2%) showed the presence of one or the other helminthic infestation. Ascariasis was found in 19.2% of the cases, ankylostomiasis in 3.4%, H.nana in 1.7%, Trichuris trichura in 2% and oxyuriasis in 1.4%. Ascariasis was found to be more common in preschool children (63%). All types of worm infestation showed an inclination towards male sex. Majority of the ascaris and oxyuriasis infestation occurred in the urban population while ankylostoma infestation occurred mainly in rural population. Much can be done by educating the people regarding sanitation, health and to live healthy life with the available limited resources and thus help in bringing down the prevalence of infestations and the miseries produced by them.


Ramesh A.C.,Jjmmedical College | Rajni S.,Jjmmedical College | Suri S.,Jjmmedical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015

Objectives: To study the efficacy of Ayres spatula with spatula + cytobrush combination & to assess the contribution of cytobrush in the pick-up rate of positive pathology in screening for cervical carcinoma. Materials & method: A total of 500 cases were selected randomly, all women who were sexually active either of reproductive age group or menopausal were included in the study group selected from the OPD for gynecological check up.Pap smear was taken for each women first with the spatula and then the cytobrush. Cytological evaluation was done following the Bethesda system of reporting(1991) and the rate of positive pathology in each group was calculated. Results: Cytobrush use significantly increased the number of satisfactory smears. Inadequate smears in the form of absent endocervical cells occurred in 30(6%) of cytobrush smears as compared to 269(53.8%) of spatula smears which was statistically significant (p<0.001). positive pathology was seen in 519(10.6%) of the cytobrush smears as compared to 26(5.41%) of spatula smears which was statistically significant. Conclusion: There is an increase in the percentage of satisfactory smears with the use of cytobrush along with the Ayre’s spatula.Inadequate smears in the form of absent endocervical cells occurred less frequently with cytobrush. The pickup rate of positive pathology was more with cytobrush. © 2015 Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. All Rights Reserved.


PubMed | Pillar College and Jjmmedical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

Sciatic Nerve (SN) is the nerve of the posterior compartment of thigh formed in the pelvis from the ventral rami of the L4 to S3 spinal nerves. It leaves the pelvis via the greater sciatic foramen below piriformis and divides into Common Peroneal Nerve (CPN) and Tibial Nerve (TN) at the level of the upper angle of the popliteal fossa. Higher division of the sciatic nerve is the most common variation where the TN and CPN may leave the pelvis through different routes. Such variation may lead to compression of the nerve and lead to Non-discogenic sciatica.Fifty lower limbs were used for the study from Department of Anatomy, J.J.M.M.C Davangere, Karnataka, India.In our study on 25 cadavers (50 lower limbs), we have observed 4 (8 %) lower limbs high division of sciatic nerve was noted. High division of sciatic nerve in the back of thigh was noted in one specimen (2%), while high division within the pelvis was noted in 3 specimens (6%), while in 46 (92%) it occurred outside the pelvis.Knowledge regarding such variation and differences in the course of SN is important for the surgeons to plan for various surgical interventions pertaining to the gluteal region. The variant anatomy of SN may cause piriformis syndrome and failure of SN block. Hence present study is undertaken to know the level of division, exit, course, relationship to piriformis and variations in the branching pattern of SN.

Loading Jjmmedical College collaborators
Loading Jjmmedical College collaborators