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Chen Z.,Shandong University | Chen Z.,Tsinghua University | Kang L.,Shandong University | Meng Q.-Y.,Tsinghua University | And 4 more authors.
Materials Science and Engineering C

The nHAC/CSH composite is an injectable bone repair material with controllable injectability and self-setting properties prepared by introducing calcium sulfate hemihydrate (CSH) into mineralized collagen (nHAC). When mixed with water, the nHAC/CSH composites can be transformed into mineralized collagen/calcium sulfate dihydrate (nHAC/CSD) composites. The nHAC/CSD composites have good biocompatibility and osteogenic capability. Considering that the degradation behavior of bone repair material is another important factor for its clinical applications, the degradability of nHAC/CSD composites was studied. The results showed that the degradation ratio of the nHAC/CSD composites with lower nHAC content increased with the L/S ratio increase of injectable materials, but the variety of L/S ratio had no significant effect on the degradation ratio of the nHAC/CSD composites with higher nHAC content. Increasing nHAC content in the composites could slow down the degradation of nHAC/CSD composite. Setting accelerator had no significant effect on the degradability of nHAC/CSD composites. In vivo histological analysis suggests that the degradation rate of materials can match the growth rate of new mandibular bone tissues in the implanted site of rabbit. The regulable degradability of materials resulting from the special prescriptions of injectable nHAC/CSH composites will further improve the workability of nHAC/CSD composites. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Gu Q.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Chen C.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Zhang Z.,Xian Jiaotong University | Wu Z.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Pharmacological Research

Abstract Human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are a novel cell source used in stem cell therapy to treat bone diseases owing to their high potential to differentiate into osteoblasts. Effective induction of osteogenic differentiation from human BM-MSCs is critical to fulfill their therapeutic potential. In this study, Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE), a traditional herbal medicine, was used to stimulate the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human BM-MSCs. The present study revealed that GBE improved the proliferation and osteogenesis of human BM-MSCs in a dose-dependent manner in the range 25-75 mg/l, as indicated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcium content. However, such effect was decreased or inhibited at 100 mg/l or higher. The dose-dependent improvement in osteogenesis of human BM-MSCs by GBE was further confirmed by the dose-dependent upregulation of marker genes, osteopontin (OPN) and Collagen I. The increased osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression and minimal expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) suggested that GBE also inhibited osteoclastogenesis of human BM-MSCs. Further mechanistic study demonstrated that the transcriptional levels of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) in the BMP signaling, β-catenin and Cyclin D1 in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, increased significantly during GBE-promoted osteogenesis. Meanwhile, loss-of-function assay with the signaling inhibitor(s) confirmed that the BMP and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways were indispensable during the GBE-promoted osteogenesis, suggesting that GBE improved osteogenesis via upregulation of the BMP and Wnt/β-catenin signaling. The present study proposed GBE to be used to upregulate the osteogenic differentiation of human BM-MSCs for new bone formation in BM-MSC-based cell therapy, which could provide an attractive and promising treatment for bone disorders. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Chen Z.,Shandong University | Zhang X.,Shandong University | Kang L.,Shandong University | Xu F.,Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Medical Biology | And 3 more authors.
Frontiers of Materials Science

Minimally invasive injectable self-setting materials are useful for bone repairs and for bone tissue regeneration in situ. Due to the potential advantages of these materials, such as causing minimal tissue injury, nearly no influence on blood supply, easy operation and negligible postoperative pain, they have shown great promises and successes in clinical applications. It has been proposed that an ideal injectable bone repair material should have features similar to that of natural bones, in terms of both the microstructure and the composition, so that it not only provides adequate stimulus to facilitate cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation but also offers a satisfactory biological environment for new bone to grow at the implantation site. This article reviews the properties and applications of injectable bone repair materials, including those that are based on natural and synthetic polymers, calcium phosphate, calcium phosphate/polymer composites and calcium sulfate, to orthopedics and bone tissue repairs, as well as the progress made in biomimetic fabrication of injectable bone repair materials. © 2015, Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

He Q.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Zhuang D.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Zheng L.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Fan Z.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | And 7 more authors.
BMC Surgery

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate total parathyroidectomy with trace amounts of parathyroid tissue (30 mg) as a surgical option in secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) treatment. Methods. From January 2008 to March 2012, 47 patients underwent parathyroidectomy. Comparisons of demographic data, symptoms, and preoperative or postoperative biochemistry were made between total parathyroidectomy with trace amounts of parathyroid tissue autotransplantation group and total parathyroidectomy group. Results: Out of 47 cases, 45 had successful operation. 187 parathyroid glands identified at the initial operation were reported in 47 patients. 43 patients had been diagnosed with parathyroid hyperplasia, and 4 patients had a benign adenoma. After operation, pruritus, bone pain and muscle weakness disappeared, also serum PTH and serum phosphate were declined markedly as well. After discharge, two patients (in total parathyroidectomy group) were readmitted because of postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Graft-dependent recurrence was not observed in an average follow-up of 42 months. Conclusions: Total parathyroidectomy with sternocleidomastoid muscle trace amounts of parathyroid tissue autotransplantation is considered to be a feasible, safe and effective surgical option for the patients with sHPT. © 2014 He et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Zhou Z.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Chen C.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Zhang J.,Jinan Military General Hospital of PLA | Ji X.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology

Purpose: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the safety of denosumab in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or low bone mineral density (BMD). Methods: Safety of denosumab was compared with placebo or bisphosphonates. A systematic literature search without language restriction was conducted up to January, 2014. The RevMan 5.1 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 11 English literatures were eventually identified. The pooled data in the overall analysis revealed that there was no significant difference when compared denosumab with placebo or bisphosphonates in any adverse events (AAE) (RR=0.99, 95% CI=0.98-1.01, p=0.29), serious adverse event (SAE) (RR=1.05, 95% CI=0.98-1.13, p=0.18), neoplasm/cancer (RR=1.14, 95% CI=0.95-1.37, p=0.16) and deaths (RR=0.77, 95% CI=0.57-1.04, p=0.09). However, significant differences were found when compared denosumab with placebo or bisphosphonates in SAE related to infection (RR=1.23, 95% CI=1.00-1.52, p=0.05) and non-vertebral fracture (RR=0.86, 95% CI=0.74-1.00, p=0.05). Subgroup analysis was performed by the type of drugs which was used in the control group. The results of subgroup analysis did not demonstrate the differences between denosumab and bisphosphonates in SAE related to infection (RR=1.13, 95% CI=0.63-2.03) and non-vertebral fracture (RR=1.31, 95% CI=0.87-1.98). Conclusions: Compared to placebo, denosumab treatment significantly decreased the risk of non-vertebral fracture but increased the risk of SAE related to infection in the postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or low BMD. However, no difference between the safety of denosumab and bisphosphonates was found. Source

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