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Jimma, Ethiopia

Jimma University is a public university located in Jimma, Ethiopia. It is recognized as the leading national university, as ranked first by the Federal Ministry of Education for four successive years .The University offers various programs and courses of study, which lead toward degrees in different fields. It was established in December 1999 following the amalgamation of the Jimma College of Agriculture and the Jimma Institute of Health science .Jimma University is well known for the natural atmosphere of its campuses. While urban campuses, there are indeed in the middle of tropical forests, and thus, home of untamed animals such as monkeys. Friendly life of such animals with human has created a unique atmosphere in the academic environment of the university. Wikipedia.


Abate K.H.,Jimma University
Ethiopian journal of health sciences | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Many people are unable to withstand the set point for usual vicissitudes of life and are overwhelmed by depression, especially when there is a potential stressor like a disease. Gender is very important in defining susceptibility and exposure to a number of mental health risks. The objective of this review is to systematically identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on gender disparity in prevalence of depression among patient populations.METHODS: Observational analytical studies done on patients of 18 years old were included. The JBI-MAStARI tool for extraction was used to pool quantitative data. Review Manager Software was used for meta-analysis and Odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated.RESULT: On Meta-analysis, a total of 19639 patients were involved, with male to female ratio of 1.14:1. The finding of the Meta analysis showed that male sex is 63% less likely to develop depression than female sex (Odds ratio=0.63, 95% Confidence Interval= 0.59, 0.68). The studies included were homogenous; Heterogeneity test: Chi(2) = 309.23, df = 30, (P < 0.00001).CONCLUSION: Depression is more common among females than male patients. Source


Background: The counterfeiting of anti-malarials represents a form of attack on global public health in which fake and substandard anti-malarials serve as de facto weapons of mass destruction, particularly in resource-constrained endemic settings, where malaria causes nearly 660,000 preventable deaths and threatens millions of lives annually. It has been estimated that fake anti-malarials contribute to nearly 450,000 preventable deaths every year. This crime against humanity is often underestimated or ignored. This study attempts to describe and characterize the direct and indirect effects of counterfeit anti-malarials on public health, clinical care and socio-economic conditions. Methods. A search was performed using key databases, WHO documents, and English language search engines. Of 262 potential articles that were identified using a fixed set of criteria, a convenience sample of 105 appropriate articles was selected for this review. Results: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is an important tool in the fight against malaria, but a sizable number of patients are unable to afford to this first-line treatment. Consequently, patients tend to procure cheaper anti-malarials, which may be fake or substandard. Forensic palynology reveals that counterfeits originate in Asia. Fragile drug regulations, ineffective law-enforcement agencies and corruption further burden ailing healthcare facilities. Substandard/fake anti-malarials can cause (a) economic sabotage; (b) therapeutic failure; (c) increased risk of the emergence and spread of resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax; (d) an undermining of trust/confidence in healthcare stakeholders/systems; and, (e) serious side effects or death. Conclusion: Combating counterfeit anti-malarials is a complex task due to limited resources and poor techniques for the detection and identification of fake anti-malarials. This situation calls for sustainable, global, scientific research and policy change. Further, responsible stakeholders in combination with the synthesis and supply of next generation malaria control tools, such as low-cost anti-malarials, must promote the development of a counterfeit-free and malaria-free future. © 2014Karunamoorthi; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Berhan Y.,Hawassa University | Haileamlak A.,Jimma University
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Year: 2016

Background The mode of delivery in term singleton breech presentation has been debated for more than half a century and has been examined in both randomised and observational studies. Objective To determine the absolute and relative risks of perinatal mortality and morbidity in planned vaginal breech delivery. Search strategy A computer-based literature search was conducted mainly in the databases of HINARI, PubMed and Google scholar for studies comparing planned vaginal delivery and planned caesarean section. Selection criteria Studies that assessed the perinatal mortality and morbidity in relation to the term singleton breech mode of delivery between 1993 and 2014 were included. Data collection and analysis In this meta-analysis, 27 articles with a total sample size of 258 953 women were included. Relative and absolute risks of perinatal mortality and morbidity in relation to mode of delivery were determined. Main results The relative risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity was about two- to five-fold higher in the planned vaginal than in the planned caesarean delivery group. The absolute risks of perinatal mortality, fetal neurologic morbidity, birth trauma, 5-minute Apgar score <7 and neonatal asphyxia in the planned vaginal delivery group were 0.3, 0.7, 0.7, 2.4 and 3.3%, respectively. Conclusion Perinatal mortality and morbidity in the planned vaginal breech delivery were significantly higher than with planned caesarean delivery. Even taking into account the relatively low absolute risks of vaginal breech delivery, the current study substantiates the practice of individualised decision-making on the route of delivery in a term breech presentation. Tweetable abstract Although vaginal breech delivery is controversial, this review has shown low absolute risk. Tweetable abstract Although vaginal breech delivery is controversial, this review has shown low absolute risk. © 2015 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Source


Karunamoorthi K.,Jimma University | Karunamoorthi K.,Bharathiar University
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2011

Over many decades, malaria elimination has been considered to be one of the most ambitious goals of the international community. Vector control is a cornerstone in malaria control, owing to the lack of reliable vaccines, the emergence of drug resistance, and unaffordable potent antimalarials. In the recent past, a few countries have achieved malaria elimination by employing existing front-line vector control interventions and active case management. However, many challenges lie ahead on the long road to meaningful accomplishment, and the following issues must therefore be adequately addressed in malaria-prone settings in order to achieve our target of 100% worldwide malaria elimination and eventual eradication: (i) consistent administration of integrated vector management; (ii) identification of innovative user and environment-friendly alternative technologies and delivery systems; (iii) exploration and development of novel and powerful contextual community-based interventions; and (iv) improvement of the efficiency and efficacy of existing interventions and their combinations, such as vector control, diagnosis, treatment, vaccines, biological control of vectors, environmental management, and surveillance. I strongly believe that we are moving in the right direction, along with partnership-wide support, towards the enviable milestone of malaria elimination by employing vector control as a potential tool. © 2011 The Author. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2011 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Source


Malaria is a life-threatening disease causing more than 500,000 deaths every year in sub-Saharan Africa. Prevention of the disease is best achieved by vector control which relies on the use of insecticides. Monitoring mosquito vector populations is an integral component of control programmes and a prerequisite for effective interventions. Several individual methods are used for this task, However, there are obstacles to their uptake, as well as challenges in organizing, interpreting and communicating vector control data. We will develop a fully integrated and automated multiplex vector-diagnostic platform (LabDisk) for monitoring the species ID, the infection status of mosquitoes and the insecticide resistance profile of malaria vector populations. The system will provide sample-to-answer determinations, and it will perform genotyping at substantially lower cost, compared to the assays that are currently used in Africa. The LabDisk will be interfaced with a Disease Data Management System (DDMS), custom made data management software which will collect data from routine entomological monitoring activities, store, and make available stratified information based on user queries in a standardized way. The GAME, a modern ICT platform that employs interactive ways of communicating guidelines and exemplifying good practices of successful use of interventions in the health sector will be also employed, to teach operational end users the use of data to make informed decisions. The integrated system (LabDisk, DDMS & Game) will be implemented in four sub-Saharan African countries, highly representative of malaria settings and vector control problems, to support informed decision-making about vector control and disease management. It will cover the urgent needs of an existing market and will provide solution to end users, to address a most important societal challenge in Africa, the control of malaria. The system has a vast expansion potential in other applications.

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