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Metropolitan Government of Nashville-Davidson (balance), TN, United States

Seymour S.L.,AB SCIEX | Farrah T.,Institute for Systems Biology | Binz P.-A.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Binz P.-A.,University of Lausanne | And 12 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2014

Inferring which protein species have been detected in bottom-up proteomics experiments has been a challenging problem for which solutions have been maturing over the past decade. While many inference approaches now function well in isolation, comparing and reconciling the results generated across different tools remains difficult. It presently stands as one of the greatest barriers in collaborative efforts such as the Human Proteome Project and public repositories such as the PRoteomics IDEntifications (PRIDE) database. Here we present a framework for reporting protein identifications that seeks to improve capabilities for comparing results generated by different inference tools. This framework standardizes the terminology for describing protein identification results, associated with the HUPO-Proteomics Standards Initiative (PSI) mzIdentML standard, while still allowing for differing methodologies to reach that final state. It is proposed that developers of software for reporting identification results will adopt this terminology in their outputs. While the new terminology does not require any changes to the core mzIdentML model, it represents a significant change in practice, and, as such, the rules will be released via a new version of the mzIdentML specification (version 1.2) so that consumers of files are able to determine whether the new guidelines have been adopted by export software. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

French W.R.,Vanderbilt University | Zimmerman L.J.,Jim Ayers Institute for Precancer Detection and Diagnosis | Schilling B.,Buck Institute for Research on Aging | Gibson B.W.,Buck Institute for Research on Aging | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2015

We report the implementation of high-quality signal processing algorithms into ProteoWizard, an efficient, open-source software package designed for analyzing proteomics tandem mass spectrometry data. Specifically, a new wavelet-based peak-picker (CantWaiT) and a precursor charge determination algorithm (Turbocharger) have been implemented. These additions into ProteoWizard provide universal tools that are independent of vendor platform for tandem mass spectrometry analyses and have particular utility for intralaboratory studies requiring the advantages of different platforms convergent on a particular workflow or for interlaboratory investigations spanning multiple platforms. We compared results from these tools to those obtained using vendor and commercial software, finding that in all cases our algorithms resulted in a comparable number of identified peptides for simple and complex samples measured on Waters, Agilent, and AB SCIEX quadrupole time-of-flight and Thermo Q-Exactive mass spectrometers. The mass accuracy of matched precursor ions also compared favorably with vendor and commercial tools. Additionally, typical analysis runtimes (∼1-100 ms per MS/MS spectrum) were short enough to enable the practical use of these high-quality signal processing tools for large clinical and research data sets. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

Wang X.,Vanderbilt University | Slebos R.J.C.,Vanderbilt University | Slebos R.J.C.,Jim Ayers Institute for Precancer Detection and Diagnosis | Chambers M.C.,Vanderbilt University | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2016

To facilitate genome-based representation and analysis of proteomics data, we developed a new bioinformatics framework, proBAMsuite, in which a central component is the protein BAM (proBAM) file format for organizing peptide spectrum matches (PSMs)1 within the context of the genome. proBAMsuite also includes two R packages, pro-BAMr and proBAMtools, for generating and analyzing pro-BAM files, respectively. Applying proBAMsuite to three recently published proteomics datasets, we demonstrated its utility in facilitating efficient genome-based sharing, interpretation, and integration of proteomics data. First, the interpretation of proteomics data is significantly enhanced with the rich genomic annotation information. Second, PSMs can be easily reannotated using user-specified gene annotation schemes and assembled into both protein and gene identifications. Third, using the genome as a common reference, proBAMsuite facilitates seamless proteomics and proteogenomics data integration. Finally, proBAM files can be readily visualized in genome browsers and thus bring proteomics data analysis to a general audience beyond the proteomics community. Results from this study establish proBAMsuite as a useful bioinformatics framework for proteomics and proteogenomics research. © 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Dasari S.,Vanderbilt University | Chambers M.C.,Vanderbilt University | Slebos R.J.,Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center | Slebos R.J.,Jim Ayers Institute for Precancer Detection and Diagnosis | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2010

Shotgun proteomics produces collections of tandem mass spectra that contain all the data needed to identify mutated peptides from clinical samples. Identifying these sequence variations, however, has not been feasible with conventional database search strategies, which require exact matches between observed and expected sequences. Searching for mutations as mass shifts on specified residues through database search can incur significant performance penalties and generate substantial false positive rates. Here we describe TagRecon, an algorithm that leverages inferred sequence tags to identify unanticipated mutations in clinical proteomic data sets. TagRecon identifies unmodified peptides as sensitively as the related MyriMatch database search engine. In both LTQ and Orbitrap data sets, TagRecon outperformed state of the art software in recognizing sequence mismatches from data sets with known variants. We developed guidelines for filtering putative mutations from clinical samples, and we applied them in an analysis of cancer cell lines and an examination of colon tissue. Mutations were found in up to 6% of identified peptides, and only a small fraction corresponded to dbSNP entries. The RKO cell line, which is DNA mismatch repair deficient, yielded more mutant peptides than the mismatch repair proficient SW480 line. Analysis of colon cancer tumor and adjacent tissue revealed hydroxyproline modifications associated with extracellular matrix degradation. These results demonstrate the value of using sequence tagging algorithms to fully interrogate clinical proteomic data sets. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Gajadhar A.S.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Johnson H.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Slebos R.J.C.,Vanderbilt University | Slebos R.J.C.,Jim Ayers Institute for Precancer Detection and Diagnosis | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2015

Tumor protein phosphorylation analysis may provide insight into intracellular signaling networks underlying tumor behavior, revealing diagnostic, prognostic or therapeutic information. Human tumors collected by The Cancer Genome Atlas program potentially offer the opportunity to characterize activated networks driving tumor progression, in parallel with the genetic and transcriptional landscape already documented for these tumors. However, a critical question is whether cellular signaling networks can be reliably analyzed in surgical specimens, where freezing delays and spatial sampling disparities may potentially obscure physiologic signaling. To quantify the extent of these effects, we analyzed the stability of phosphotyrosine (pTyr) sites in ovarian and colon tumors collected under conditions of controlled ischemia and in the context of defined intratumoral sampling. Cold-ischemia produced a rapid, unpredictable, and widespread impact on tumor pTyr networks within 5 minutes of resection, altering up to 50% of pTyr sites by more than 2-fold. Effects on adhesion and migration, inflammatory response, proliferation, and stress response pathways were recapitulated in both ovarian and colon tumors. In addition, sampling of spatially distinct colon tumor biopsies revealed pTyr differences as dramatic as those associated with ischemic times, despite uniform protein expression profiles. Moreover, intratumoral spatial heterogeneity and pTyr dynamic response to ischemia varied dramatically between tumors collected from different patients. Overall, these findings reveal unforeseen phosphorylation complexity, thereby increasing the difficulty of extracting physiologically relevant pTyr signaling networks from archived tissue specimens. In light of this data, prospective tumor pTyr analysis will require appropriate sampling and collection protocols to preserve in vivo signaling features. © 2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

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