Changchun, China
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Li J.,Jilin University | Li J.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Wan Y.,Jilin University | Li T.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2016

The aim of the present study was to identify the differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs) between Lynch syndrome (LS) and the normal colonic (N-C) control samples, predict the target genes (TGs) and analyze the potential functions of the DEMs and TGs. The miRNA expression dataset GSE30454, which included data of 13 LS and 20 N-C tissue samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. The classical t-test in Linear Models for Microarray Data package was used for DEM identification. TG prediction was performed using 5 databases. The regulatory network of the DEMs and their TGs was constructed using Cytoscape. Functional and pathway enrichment analysis was performed. The transcription factors (TFs), tumor-associated genes (TAG) and tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) were then identified. Three key DEMs hsa-miR-137, hsa-miR-520e, and hsa-miR-590-3p were identified. Hsa-miR-520e and hsa-miR-137 had 4 common TGs, including SNF related kinase, metal-regulatory transcription factor 1 (MTF1), round spermatid basic protein 1 and YTH N6-methyladenosine RNA binding protein 3; hsa-miR-590-3p and hsa-miR-137 had 14 common TGs, including NCK adaptor protein 1 (NCK1), EPH receptor A7, and stress-associated endoplasmic reticulum protein 1; hsa-miR-590-3p and hsa-miR-520e had 12 common TGs, including Krüppel-like factor (KLF) 13, twinfilin actin binding protein 1, and nuclear factor I B. Through the functional and pathway enrichments analysis, MTF1 was involved in regulation of gene expression and metabolic processes, and sequence-specific DNA binding TF activity. KLF13 was involved in regulation of gene expression and regulation of cellular metabolic processes. NCK1 was enriched in the axon guidance pathway. In addition, the functional and pathway enrichment analysis showed certain TGs, such as hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, AKT serine/threonine kinase 2, and rapamycin-insensitive companion of mammalian target of rapamycin, participated in the mTOR signaling pathway. The 3 key DEMs hsa-miR-137, hsa-miR-520e, and hsa-miR-590-3p may have important roles in the process of LS. © 2016, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Guan G.-F.,Jilin University | Zhang D.-J.,Jilin University | Zheng Y.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Wen L.-J.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015

According to the cancer stem cell theory, a small subpopulation of cancer cells, known as cancer stem cells (CSCs), exist that are self-renewing and are involved in tumor invasion, metastasis and recurrence. A number of studies have reported that certain cancer cells are able to efflux the Hoechst 33342 dye. These cells are termed side population (SP) cells and share characteristic features of CSCs. The results of the present study revealed that 2.7% of primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells were SP cells. This was reduced to 0.7% following treatment with verapamil. The immunofluorescence and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that SP cells have an enhanced expression of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter protein ABC subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2), which has been identified to be actively involved in drug exclusion. Similarly, the mRNA level of the oncogene B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region-1 and the stem cell surface proteins nestin and octamer-binding transcription factor-4 were highly expressed in the SP cells compared with the non-SP cells. In addition, it was demonstrated that HNSCC SP cells exhibited increased proliferation and were highly resistant to multiple drugs. These findings suggest that the presence of CSCs, such as SP cells, may be responsible for chemotherapy failure and tumor relapse in patients with HNSCC. Therefore, the identification of a novel therapeutic drug that could effectively target CSCs may help to eradicate refractory tumors. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Luo J.,Jilin University | Yuan Y.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Chang P.,Jilin University | Li D.,Jilin University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2014

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of aloe-emodin (AE) on the radiosensitivity and differentiation of HeLa human cervical cancer cells. Cell proliferation was assessed in the HeLa cervical cancer cell line by a methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay. Radiosensitivity was determined by a colony-forming assay. Flow cytometry was used for analysis of cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The expression of γ-H2AX and cyclin B was assessed by western blotting. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured by an ALP activity kit. It was demonstrated that AE inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, induced G2/M and S phase cell cycle arrest and enhanced the radiosensitivity of HeLa cells. The combination of AE and radiation induced apoptosis, upregulated cyclin B and γ-H2AX expression and further improved ALP activity compared with treatment with AE or radiation alone. AE enhanced the radiosensitivity of HeLa human cervical cancer cells in vitro, inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells, induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and, in combination with radiation, induced the apoptosis and improved the differentiation of HeLa cells.


Li J.,Jilin University | Zhou C.,Jilin University | Li J.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Wan Y.,Jilin University | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Gene expression profiles of CD133-positive cells from patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were analyzed to identify key genes associated with cardiac therapy. Furthermore, the effect of exercise on gene expression was also investigated. Gene expression data set (accession number: GSE18608) was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus, including blood samples from four healthy subjects (H), and from 10 patients with coronary artery disease at baseline (B) and after 3 months (3M) of exercise. Differential analysis was performed for H vs. B and H vs. 3M using limma package of R. Two-way cluster analysis was performed using the expression levels of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) by package pheatmap of R. Functional enrichment analysis was applied on the DEGs using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. Relevant small molecules were predicted using the Connectivity map database (cMap). A total of 131 and 71 DEGs were identified in patients with CAD prior to and following 3 months of exercise. The two groups of DEGs were compared and 44 genes overlapped. In cluster analysis with the expression levels of the common DEGs, patients with CAD could be well separated from the healthy controls. Functional enrichment analysis showed that response to peptide hormone stimulus and anti-apoptosis pathways were significantly enriched in the common DEGs. A total of 12 relevant small molecules were revealed by cMap based upon the expression levels of common DEGs, such as 5252917 and MG-262. Three months of exercise in part normalized the gene expression in CAD patients. The genes not altered by exercise may be the targets of small molecules, such as 5252917 and MG-262.


Li D.-W.,Beihua University | Wang Y.-D.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Zhou S.-Y.,Jilin University | Sun W.-P.,Beihua University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Oxidative stress appears to be a central event responsible for the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). 1methyl4phenyl1,2,3,6tetrahydropyridine or its toxic metabolite 1methyl4phenylpyridinium (MPP+) are classical widelyused pharmacological and toxic agents to model PD; they cause the production of reactive oxygen species by inhibiting mitochondrial complex I, leading to DNA oxidative damage and subsequent neuronal death. Previous findings have suggested that proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a critical regulatory protein for DNA repair, is involved in dopaminergic neuron damage in the MPP+ induced PD model. The naturally occurring dithiol compound, lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to provide neuroprotection in in vitro models of PD. The molecular mechanism by which ALA reduces neuronal death in PD remains to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to analyze the ability of ALA to protect neuronal PC12 cells from the toxicity induced by MPP+, and the molecular mechanism underlying these actions using MTT and lactate dehydrogenase cytotoxicity assays, Hoechst 33258 staining and western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that ALA efficiently increased the production of PCNA in MPP+treated PC12 cells. Accordingly, ALA treatment attenuated MPP+induced toxicity in the PC12 cells, and reduced cell apoptosis. The increase in the expression levels of PCNA by ALA in the MPP+treated PC12 cells appeared to be mediated by repression of the p53 protein, as the expression of p53 was increased by MPP+treatment and reduced by ALA. Taken together, these results indicated that ALA protected dopaminergic neurons against MPP+induced neurotoxicity through its ability to upregulate the DNA repair protein, PCNA, via the P53 pathway.


Li D.-W.,Beihua University | Li J.-H.,Jilin University | Wang Y.-D.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Li G.-R.,Jilin University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Endothelial dysfunction and injury are central events in the pathogenesis of ischemic vascular disorders. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are mobilized from the bone marrow into the peripheral circulation, where they locate to sites of injured endothelium and are involved in endothelial repair and vascular regeneration. During these processes, EPCs are exposed to oxidative stress, a crucial pathological condition, which occurs during vascular injury and limits the efficacy of EPCs in the repair of injured endothelium. Statins are effective inhibitors of 3hydroxy-3methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, and are commonly used to manage and prevent ischemic vascular disease by reducing plasma cholesterol levels. In addition to lowering cholesterol, statins have also been reported to exert pleiotropic actions, including anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of atorvastatin to protect endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), a homogeneous subtype of EPCs, from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced oxidative damage, and to determine the mechanism underlying this protective action. MTT assay, acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining, reactive oxygen species assay, western blot analysis and tube formation assay were employed. The results demonstrated that H2O2 induced cell death and decreased the tube-forming ability of the ECFCs, in a concentration-dependent manner; however, these effects were partially attenuated following administration of atorvastatin. The reversion of the quantitative and qualitative impairment of the H2O2treated ECFCs appeared to be mediated by the regulation of annexin A2, as the expression levels of annexin A2 were decreased following treatment with H2O2 and increased following treatment with atorvastatin. These results indicated that annexin A2 may be involved in the H2O2-induced damage of ECFCs, and in the protective activities of atorvastatin in response to oxidative stress.


Zhang H.,Jilin University | Li X.,Tumor Hospital of Jilin | Kan Y.,Jilin University | Yang F.,Jilin University | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2015

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is commonly accompanied by inflammation and anemia; however, the pathogenesis of CKD is unclear. Expression of resistin, a cysteine-rich secretory plasma protein, is correlated with the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, indicating that resistin may be involved in inflammatory events. In addition, inflammation inhibits the activity of erythropoietin (EPO) and, thus, erythropoiesis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the correlation between serum resistin and the variability of EPO responsiveness in CKD patients. The levels of serum creatinine (SCr), C-reactive protein (CRP), total cholesterol, triglycerides, IL‑6 and serum resistin were measured in the samples obtained from 138 CKD patients and healthy control subjects. The levels of serum resistin in the CKD groups with and without hemodialysis were significantly higher than those observed in the normal control group (P<0.01) and the levels of serum resistin in the hemodialysis CKD group were higher than those observed in the CKD group without dialysis (P<0.01). The levels of serum resistin in patients in the randomly selected CKD group (with hemodialysis) were positively correlated with the duration of dialysis and the levels of SCr and CRP (P<0.05), however, were negatively correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate. The EPO resistance index (ERI) was identified to be associated with body mass index and the levels of CRP and resistin; furthermore, EPO reactivity was correlated with the level of resistin and ERI. The levels of serum resistin were correlated with the variability in EPO responsiveness that was observed in the CKD patients. Therefore, the measurement of serum resistin may aid with understanding the mechanisms, clinical diagnosis and treatment of CKD. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Jilin University and Tumor Hospital of Jilin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2015

According to the cancer stem cell theory, a small subpopulation of cancer cells, known as cancer stem cells (CSCs), exist that are self-renewing and are involved in tumor invasion, metastasis and recurrence. A number of studies have reported that certain cancer cells are able to efflux the Hoechst 33342 dye. These cells are termed side population (SP) cells and share characteristic features of CSCs. The results of the present study revealed that 2.7% of primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells were SP cells. This was reduced to 0.7% following treatment with verapamil. The immunofluorescence and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that SP cells have an enhanced expression of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter protein ABC subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2), which has been identified to be actively involved in drug exclusion. Similarly, the mRNA level of the oncogene B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region-1 and the stem cell surface proteins nestin and octamer-binding transcription factor-4 were highly expressed in the SP cells compared with the non-SP cells. In addition, it was demonstrated that HNSCC SP cells exhibited increased proliferation and were highly resistant to multiple drugs. These findings suggest that the presence of CSCs, such as SP cells, may be responsible for chemotherapy failure and tumor relapse in patients with HNSCC. Therefore, the identification of a novel therapeutic drug that could effectively target CSCs may help to eradicate refractory tumors.


PubMed | Jilin University and Tumor Hospital of Jilin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental and therapeutic medicine | Year: 2015

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is commonly accompanied by inflammation and anemia; however, the pathogenesis of CKD is unclear. Expression of resistin, a cysteine-rich secretory plasma protein, is correlated with the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-, interleukin (IL)-6 and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, indicating that resistin may be involved in inflammatory events. In addition, inflammation inhibits the activity of erythropoietin (EPO) and, thus, erythropoiesis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the correlation between serum resistin and the variability of EPO responsiveness in CKD patients. The levels of serum creatinine (SCr), C-reactive protein (CRP), total cholesterol, triglycerides, IL-6 and serum resistin were measured in the samples obtained from 138 CKD patients and healthy control subjects. The levels of serum resistin in the CKD groups with and without hemodialysis were significantly higher than those observed in the normal control group (P<0.01) and the levels of serum resistin in the hemodialysis CKD group were higher than those observed in the CKD group without dialysis (P<0.01). The levels of serum resistin in patients in the randomly selected CKD group (with hemodialysis) were positively correlated with the duration of dialysis and the levels of SCr and CRP (P<0.05), however, were negatively correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate. The EPO resistance index (ERI) was identified to be associated with body mass index and the levels of CRP and resistin; furthermore, EPO reactivity was correlated with the level of resistin and ERI. The levels of serum resistin were correlated with the variability in EPO responsiveness that was observed in the CKD patients. Therefore, the measurement of serum resistin may aid with understanding the mechanisms, clinical diagnosis and treatment of CKD.


PubMed | Jilin University, Beihua University and Tumor Hospital of Jilin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular medicine reports | Year: 2016

Oxidative stress appears to be a central event responsible for the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinsons disease (PD). 1-methyl-4phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine or its toxic metabolite 1methyl4phenylpyridinium (MPP+) are classical widelyused pharmacological and toxic agents to model PD; they cause the production of reactive oxygen species by inhibiting mitochondrial complex I, leading to DNA oxidative damage and subsequent neuronal death. Previous findings have suggested that proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a critical regulatory protein for DNA repair, is involved in dopaminergic neuron damage in the MPP+induced PD model. The naturally occurring dithiol compound, lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to provide neuroprotection in invitro models of PD. The molecular mechanism by which ALA reduces neuronal death in PD remains to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to analyze the ability of ALA to protect neuronal PC12 cells from the toxicity induced by MPP+, and the molecular mechanism underlying these actions using MTT and lactate dehydrogenase cytotoxicity assays, Hoechst33258 staining and western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that ALA efficiently increased the production of PCNA in MPP+treated PC12 cells. Accordingly, ALA treatment attenuated MPP+induced toxicity in the PC12 cells, and reduced cell apoptosis. The increase in the expression levels of PCNA by ALA in the MPP+treated PC12 cells appeared to be mediated by repression of the p53 protein, as the expression of p53 was increased by MPP+treatment and reduced by ALA. Taken together, these results indicated that ALA protected dopaminergic neurons against MPP+induced neurotoxicity through its ability to upregulate the DNA repair protein, PCNA, via the P53 pathway.

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