Liu L.,Jilin University |
Bai G.,Jilin Provincial Center for Disease Concrol and Prevention |
Xing Y.,Jilin University |
Sun P.,Jilin University |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Jilin University Medicine Edition
Objective: To understand the hospital visiting situation and disease burden and to analyze the influencing factors of disease burden of the patients with foodborne diseases in Jilin Province, and to provide the basis for prevention and control of foodborne diseases. Methods: 7 353 people (3 065 for 2012 year and 4 288 for 2013 year) lived for 6 consecutive months and above from 2012 to 2013 were selected from ten monitoring areas of Jilin Province by multi-stage stratified random sampling method, and the data of these residents were collected with questionnaire by face-to-face interview. The hospital visiting and disease burden situation of the patients with different kinds of foodborne diseases were analyzed; the influencing factors of disease burden of the patients with foodborne diseases were detected by univariate and multiple linear regression analysis. Results: The rate of hospital visiting of the patients with foodborne diseases was 13.10%, and there were significant differences of the rates of hospital visiting of the patients with different ages, culture degrees, numbers of acute gastroenteritis over the past 4 weeks and disease durations (P<0.05). The rate of hospital visiting in the patients of 35 - 44 age group was higher than those in other groups (P<0.05); the rates of hospital visiting of the patients with university and above degree, occurring 2 times and above over the past 4 weeks or illness lasting 4 d and above were higher than those in other groups (P<0.05). The total economic burden and per capita economic burden of 157 patients with foodborne diseases were 5 847.82 and 37.25 yuan. The first hospital level and disease duration were the main influencing factors of economic burden of foodborne diseases. Conclusion: The rate of hospital visiting of the patients with foodborne diseases is not high, but it still brings certain economic burden in the patients. It is important to improve the rate of capacity utilization and the treatment of primary health care institutions to reduce the economic burden of the patients with foodborne diseases. Source