PubMed | Eli Lilly and Company, Tongji University, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical lung cancer | Year: 2016
Pemetrexed plus platinum has become a standard of care in first-line treatment for patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer. However, elderly lung cancer patients are generally understudied and undertreated in clinical practice in East Asia because of safety concerns. This analysis aimed to provide a picture of the clinical benefit of pemetrexed/platinum in the first-line setting for elderly (age 65 years) East Asian patients.Individual patient data from 3 randomized controlled phase 3 trials that enrolled East Asian patients were analyzed in this meta-analysis.In elderly East Asian patients (63 in the pemetrexed/platinum group and 42 in the control group), pemetrexed/platinum treatment achieved more benefits compared to other platinum-based doublets, including better overall response rate (32.8% vs. 7.5%), favorable progression-free survival (not statistically significant in adjusted hazard ratio), and significantly longer (3.15 vs. 1.54 months) survival without drug-related grade 3/4 toxicity. Overall survival was numerically prolonged (16.33 vs. 13.77 months; not statistically significant). These benefit trends were similar to those in all-age East Asian patients. In elderly East Asians, pemetrexed/platinum treatment was also associated with a lower incidence rate of drug-related grade 3/4 adverse events. The adverse event profile was similar to that in all-age East Asians. There were no unexpected adverse events.Pemetrexed/platinum had good efficacy and also resulted in better overall response and tolerability than other platinum-based doublets as first-line treatment in nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer in elderly East Asians, which was consistent with data observed in all-age East Asians.
PubMed | Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer | Year: 2014
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is complex heterogeneous due to unclear biological characteristics in terms of cell origin, pathogenesis and driver genes etc. Diagnosis and treatment of SCLC has been slowly improved and few breakthroughs have been discovered up to now. Therefore new strategies are urgently needed to improve the efficacy of SCLC treatment. Tumor immunotherapy has potential to restore and trigger the immune system to recognize and eliminate tumor cells, notably it has only minimal adverse impact on normal tissue. Cancer vaccine, adoptive immunotherapy, cytokines and checkpoint inhibitors have now been launched for clinical treatment of SCLC. Ipilimumab is the most promising medicine of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is expected to bring new vision to the treatment of SCLC. And further researches are needed on such problems affecting efficacy of immunotherapy as the heterogeneity of SCLC, the uncertainty of target for immunotherapy, the immune tolerance, etc.
PubMed | Shanghai JiaoTong University, Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital, Pfizer, University of Sichuan and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: OncoTargets and therapy | Year: 2015
This registrational trial evaluated the efficacy, safety, and patient-reported outcomes of axitinib versus sorafenib as a second-line treatment in Asian patients with clear-cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).In this open-label, multicenter study, previously treated Asian patients with clear-cell mRCC were stratified by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status and prior therapy and randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive axitinib (5 mg twice daily) or sorafenib (400 mg twice daily). The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) assessed by a masked independent review committee.A total of 204 Asian patients received axitinib (n=135) or sorafenib (n=69). Median PFS (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 6.5 (4.7-9.1) months with axitinib versus 4.8 (3.0-6.5) months with sorafenib (hazard ratio, 0.731; 95% CI, 0.506-1.058; one-sided P=0.0531). The objective response rate (95% CI) was 23.7% (16.8%-31.8%) with axitinib versus 10.1% (4.2%-19.8%) with sorafenib. Common, grade 3, all-causality adverse events were hypertension (19.3%), weight decrease (5.2%), and proteinuria (5.2%) with axitinib and hypertension (8.7%) and palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (7.2%) with sorafenib. In a time-to-deterioration composite end point of death, progression, and worsening of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Kidney Symptom Index score, patients treated with axitinib demonstrated a 17%-24% risk reduction compared with sorafenib-treated patients.Axitinib is clinically active and well tolerated in previously treated Asian patients with mRCC, consistent with the results from the global Phase III trial. These results establish axitinib as a second-line treatment option for Asian patients with mRCC.
PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital, 81 Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army, Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital and 8 more.
Type: | Journal: BMC cancer | Year: 2016
The ToGA study showed that trastuzumab plus chemotherapy prolonged median survival in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive advanced gastric cancer. Among chemotherapy options, oxaliplatin might be as effective as cisplatin but has shown to be more tolerable. To further improve treatment options for patients with advanced gastric cancer, we initiated a study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab plus oxaliplatin/capecitabine in patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer.CGOG1001 was an open-label, multicenter, prospective phase II study. Patients with chemotherapy-naive HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer were eligible. Trastuzumab was administered at a loading dose of 8 mg/kg followed by 6 mg/kg infusion every 3 weeks (q3w). Oxaliplatin was administrated as a 130 mg/m(2) infusion, q3w, for up to 6 cycles. Capecitabine 1000 mg/m(2) was given orally twice daily on days 1-14 followed by a 7-day rest interval. Trastuzumab and capecitabine were continued until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was objective response rate. Simon two-stage design (H0 = 40%, H1 = 60%, = 0.05, = 0.2) by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors 1.0 was applied.Fifty-one patients were enrolled. Confirmed response was recorded in 46 patients. One patient achieved complete response and 33 patients achieved partial response (response rate 34/51 [66.7%] in the intent-to-treat population). Median follow-up time was 28.6 months, with a median progression-free survival of 9.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.5-11.6) and a median overall survival (OS) of 19.5 months (95% CI: 15.5-26.0). Patients with a HER2/CEP17 ratio of greater than five achieved improved OS (20.9 vs 19.5 months, p = 0.001). The most common adverse events of grade 3 or above were thrombocytopenia (21.6%), neutropenia (13.7%), anemia (5.9 %) and leucopenia (3.9%).The addition of trastuzumab to oxaliplatin/capecitabine was well tolerated and the results demonstrated encouraging efficacy.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01364493.
PubMed | Guangdong General Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical science, Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital, The First Peoples Hospital of Foshan, Perking Union Medical Hospital and 3 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase II | Journal: Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology | Year: 2014
CTONG0806 assessed the efficacy of pemetrexed versus gefitinib as second-line treatment in advanced nonsquamous nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).Patients with locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC harboring wild-type EGFR, detected by direct sequencing, and previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were randomized to receive gefitinib (250 mg/day) orally or pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) i.v. on day 1 of a 21-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). The Independent Review Committee (IRC) evaluated all pictorial data.From February 2009 to August 2012, 161 patients were enrolled, and 157 were assessable (81 in the gefitinib arm, 76 in the pemetrexed arm). Baseline characteristics were balanced between the two arms. The median PFSs were 4.8 versus 1.6 months in the pemetrexed and gefitinib arms, respectively [hazard ratio (HR) 0.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.40-0.75, P < 0.001] as confirmed by IRC evaluation (5.6versus 1.7 months, HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.38-0.75, P < 0.001). The median overall survival (OS) showed a trend of superiority in the pemetrexed arm (12.4 versus 9.6 months, HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.49-1.04, P = 0.077). Quality-of-life assessment showed no marked difference between the arms. No unexpected adverse events were found. Of 108 patients with sufficient DNA samples, EGFR mutation status was re-tested by Scorpion amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS); 32 (29.6%) tested positive (19 in the pemetrexed arm, 13 in the gefitinib arm; median PFS: 8.1 versus 7.0 months, HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.43-2.08, P = 0.877).CTONG0806 is the first trial to show significant improvement in PFS and an improved OS trend with pemetrexed compared with gefitinib as second-line setting treatment of EGFR wild-type advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. ARMS is superior to direct sequencing in excluding false-negative patients.NCT00891579.
PubMed | Affiliated Hospital of the Academy of Military Medical science, Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital and Shenyang University
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: Future oncology (London, England) | Year: 2016
As data on the use of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) to predict patient outcomes in extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) remain inconclusive, we investigated the clinical value of CTC determination in an open-label, multicenter study of 91 patients with newly diagnosed ES-SCLC.Blood CTC counts were determined using the CellSearch system at baseline, after the second cycle of chemotherapy, and on disease progression.Following the second cycle of treatment, CTC numbers and the change in CTCs were strong, significant and independent indicators for both progression-free survival and overall survival in ES-SCLC. The CTC change was associated with both refractory disease (response to initial therapy 3 months) and sensitive disease (response to initial therapy >3 months).
Zhang S.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Liu J.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Cheng Y.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer | Year: 2015
Metronomic chemotherapy is an emerging strategy to fight cancer. Unlike traditional chemotherapy, metronomic chemotherapy is defined by the frequent, repetitive administration of chemotherapeutic drugs at relatively low doses, and without prolonged drug-free break. Initially thought to play a role inhibiting tumor angiogenesis by targeting activated endothelial cells in tumors, metronomic chemotherapy is a multi-targeted therapy,including activation of immunity, effect on tumour initiating cells, induction of tumor dormancy. It is from eradicateing tumor cells to improve effect, reduce the toxicity and improve quality of life for treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Metronomic chemotherapy which can avoid the toxicity of traditional chemotherapy and rebounding is explored in clinical studies of advanced NSCLC, as a promising treatment strategy. © 2015, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer. All Rights Reserved.
Wang H.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Liu Y.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Wang X.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital |
Liu D.,Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of locoregional therapy (LRT) combined with arsenic trioxide (As2O3) treatment in primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five primary HCC patients were recruited for a randomized controlled study. Patients were randomly divided into group A (n = 61) and group B (n = 64). All patients received transarterial chemoembolization. Group A patients were given As2O3 at 10 mg/d for 4 courses (21 days per course) with a 2-week interval between courses. Survival times, therapeutic responses, extrahepatic metastases, and adverse events were recorded. RESULTS: A better therapeutic response was found in group A patients, as shown by higher objective response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) values in group A versus group B (ORR, 81.96% [95% confidence interval (CI), 72.32%-91.62%] vs 59.37% [95% CI, 47.34%-71.41%], χ2 = 7.650, P < .05; CBR, 95.08% [95% CI, 89.66%-100.00%] vs 81.25% [95% CI, 71.69%-90.81%], χ2 = 5.659, P < .05). There were fewer patients with extrahepatic metastases in group A versus group B (group A, 6 cases or 9.84% [95% CI, 2.36%-17.31%]; group B, 12 cases or 18.75% [95% CI, 9.19%-28.31%]). The survival rate for group A patients was significantly higher than that for group B patients (P < .05). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups in terms of hematology or digestive system, liver, or kidney dysfunction except for facial and limb edema. CONCLUSIONS: LRT combined with As2O3 treatment prevents extrahepatic metastasis and prolongs the survival time for primary HCC patients. Cancer 2015;121:2917-2925. © 2015 American Cancer Society.
PubMed | Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer | Year: 2015
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of locoregional therapy (LRT) combined with arsenic trioxide (As2 O3 ) treatment in primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.One hundred twenty-five primary HCC patients were recruited for a randomized controlled study. Patients were randomly divided into group A (n=61) and group B (n=64). All patients received transarterial chemoembolization. Group A patients were given As2 O3 at 10 mg/d for 4 courses (21 days per course) with a 2-week interval between courses. Survival times, therapeutic responses, extrahepatic metastases, and adverse events were recorded.A better therapeutic response was found in group A patients, as shown by higher objective response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) values in group A versus group B (ORR, 81.96% [95% confidence interval (CI), 72.32%-91.62%] vs 59.37% [95% CI, 47.34%-71.41%], (2) =7.650, P<.05; CBR, 95.08% [95% CI, 89.66%-100.00%] vs 81.25% [95% CI, 71.69%-90.81%], (2) =5.659, P<.05). There were fewer patients with extrahepatic metastases in group A versus group B (group A, 6 cases or 9.84% [95% CI, 2.36%-17.31%]; group B, 12 cases or 18.75% [95% CI, 9.19%-28.31%]). The survival rate for group A patients was significantly higher than that for group B patients (P<.05). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups in terms of hematology or digestive system, liver, or kidney dysfunction except for facial and limb edema.LRT combined with As2 O3 treatment prevents extrahepatic metastasis and prolongs the survival time for primary HCC patients.
PubMed | Jilin Provincial Cancer Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] | Year: 2016
To analyze whether there are differences in the efficacy and clinical outcomes to first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy in Chinese patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring different subtypes of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations.A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of stage B or NSCLC patients who were diagnosed by histology and received EGFR mutation test, in order to confirm if there is any difference between the therapeutic effects of TKIs as first-line therapy and the prognosis.A total of 165 patients harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion (19del, n=71), exon 21 L858R mutation (L858R, n=80) or uncommon sensitive mutation (n=14) were treated with EGFR-TKIs for first-line treatment. The comparison among different groups of common types of sensitive mutations revealed that the objective response rate (ORR) of group 19del and group L858R were 57.8% and 45.0%, respectively (P=0.113). The disease control rate (DCR) was 93.0% and 93.8%, respectively (P=0.158). However, the ORR and DCR of uncommon sensitive mutation were 35.7% and 78.6%, which were significantly lower than that of the group 19del (P=0.035) and group L858R (P=0.020). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of group 19del, group L858R and uncommon sensitive mutation were 14.0 months, 7.8 months and 5.1 months, respectively (P=0.001). The median PFS of the group 19del was significantly longer than that of the group L858R (P=0.009). The median overall survival (OS) of these three groups had significant difference (22.8, 15.2 and 10.0 months) (P=0.048). But those of group 19del and group L858R were similar (P=0.152). The multivariate analysis indicated that ECOG-PS (P=0.030), cigarette smoking (P=0.013) and EGFR mutation types (P=0.034) are independent prognostic factors of OS.For Chinese NSCLC patients with different types of sensitive mutation, there are differences between their efficacy and prognosis of EGFR-TKIs as first-line treatment. The PFS of group 19del is obviously longer than that of other types of sensitive mutations, but have no significant differences in OS. The PFS and OS of patients with common types of sensitive mutation are better than those with uncommon sensitive mutation.