Ren W.,Jilin Agricultural University
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience | Year: 2016
Reasonable diet is the key to promote physical quality in physical exercise, diet nutrition collocation and the importance thereof are main contents in researching on sports and diet. The paper proceeds fuzzy comprehensive evaluation on reasonable diet importance in physical exercise according to fuzzy mathematics, result shows that diet is very important in physical exercise. Secondly, regarding Physical exercise nutrition diet's nutrition types' fuzzy relations matrix, the paper combines with grey relational degree's mathematical model to calculate nutrition and sports correlations. It respectively calculates grey relational degree of five types of nutrition substances to physical exercise, and gets that the highest correlation in importance arrangement is cereal (staple food), therefore chiefly supplement in sports is cereal, next is fruit and vegetables, proteins and so on. Copyright © 2016 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
Tianzhu Z.,Changchun University of Chinese Medicine |
Shihai Y.,Jilin Agricultural University |
Juan D.,Peking University
Inflammation | Year: 2014
In previous study, the anti-inflammatory effect of morin had been found. In this study, we investigated anti-inflammatory effects of morin on acute lung injury using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) mouse model. The cell counting in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was measured. The animal lung edema degree was evaluated by wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio. The superoxidase dismutase (SOD) activity and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were assayed by SOD and MPO kits, respectively. The levels of inflammatory mediators including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-18, and IL-6 were assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Pathological changes of lung tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The protein level of lung NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome was measured by Western blotting. The data showed that treatment with the morin markedly attenuated inflammatory cell numbers in the BALF, decreased lung NLRP3 inflammasome protein level, and improved SOD activity and inhibited MPO activity. Histological studies demonstrated that morin substantially inhibited LPS-induced neutrophils in lung tissue compared with model group. The results indicated that the morin had a protective effect on LPS-induced ALI in mice. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Li B.,University of South Florida |
Zhang Y.,University of South Florida |
Ma D.,Jilin University |
Ma T.,Jilin Agricultural University |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2014
In this work, a new strategy is developed to encapsulate a metal-functionalized guest molecule into a metal-organic framework (MOF) via metal-cation-directed de novo assembly from the component fragments of the guest molecule. This strategy, as illustrated in proof-of-principle studies on the de novo assembly of metal(II) phthalocyanine molecules into bio-MOF-1, can circumvent some drawbacks of existing approaches for encapsulating guest molecules into MOFs, such as inaccessibility for larger guest molecules due to limitations of the MOF window size and disruption of the MOF framework structure by functionalized guest molecules. Overall, this work provides a general yet versatile approach for encapsulating a broader range of metal-functionalized guest molecules into MOFs for various applications. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Zhao S.,Tianjin University |
Zhang J.,Jilin Agricultural University |
Wang Y.,Tianjin University
Journal of Power Sources | Year: 2013
A novel solution casting method of membrane preparation is explored to improve the conductivity of proton exchange membranes (PEMs). A high voltage alternative electric field is applied to a heterogeneous Nafion solution while evaporating the solvents, leaving aligned proton channels in the solidified membrane, and SAXS and WAXS have been given as direct evidences. Therefore, the trans-plane conductivity of the PEM is increased. A Non-solvent of low polarity carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) causes phase separation in the casting solution, which facilitates the Nafion ionomer to respond to the applied electric field. Despite the severe phase separation in the casting solution, the resultant electro-casting membrane shows a higher mechanical strength than that of the normal recast Nafion membrane. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Si Y.,Jilin Agricultural University |
Yang G.,Northeast Normal University
Journal of Materials Chemistry C | Year: 2013
The electronic circular dichroism (CD), UV-Vis absorption and emission spectra, charge transport, and nonlinear optical properties of the novel azaboradibenzohelicene have been investigated by density functional theory (DFT) for the first time. The calculated absorption and emission energies are in good agreement with the experimental ones. The simulated CD spectra nicely reproduce the experimental CD spectra in both excitation energy and rotational strength without any shift or scaling, which can be used to assign its absolute configuration (AC) with high confidence. The electronic transition properties have been assigned and analyzed. The observed CD bands mainly result from exciton-coupling of the ortho-fused aromatic rings. The adiabatic potential energy surface method was used to calculate reorganization energy of the studied compound. The hole reorganization energy is slightly smaller than that of the electron reorganization energy. The largest bond-length changes upon reduction and oxidation are mainly localized on the rings containing B-N bonds. It is found that the photophysical properties of azaboradibenzohelicene can be effectively tuned upon substitution. In view of the second-order polarizability value and intrinsic non-centrosymmetric electronic structure, the studied compounds have the possibility to be excellent second-order nonlinear optical materials. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Si Y.,Jilin Agricultural University |
Yang G.,Northeast Normal University
RSC Advances | Year: 2013
The chiroptical, linear, and second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of chiral mononuclear and dinuclear zinc complexes have been investigated for the first time at density functional theory level. The calculated electron absorption energies and oscillator strengths are in reasonable agreement with the experimental ones. The good agreement between the experimental and the simulated CD spectra shows that TDDFT calculations can be used to assign the absolute configurations (ACs) of chiral zinc complexes with high confidence. Based on these calculated results, the electron transition property and chiroptical origin have been analyzed and assigned. The results show that the coordinated Zn atoms have certain effects on the chiroptical property. The larger nonlinear optical response mainly results from interligand and intraligand charge transfer. The studied complexes have a possibility to be excellent second-order nonlinear optical material from the standpoint of first hyperpolarizability value, transparency and intrinsic non-centrosymmetric electronic structure. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Liu Q.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences |
Liu Q.,Academy of Military Medical science |
He B.,Academy of Military Medical science |
Huang S.-Y.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences |
And 2 more authors.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging haemorrhagic fever that was first described in rural areas of China. The causative agent, SFTS virus (SFTSV), is a novel phlebovirus in the Bunyaviridae family. Since the first report in 2010, SFTS has been found in 11 provinces of China, with about 2500 reported cases, and an average case-fatality rate of 7·3%. The disease was also reported in Japan and Korea in 2012; Heartland virus, another phlebovirus genetically closely related to SFTSV, was isolated from two patients in the USA. The disease has become a substantial risk to public health, not only in China, but also in other parts of the world. The virus could undergo rapid evolution by gene mutation, reassortment, and homologous recombination in tick vectors and vertebrate reservoir hosts. No specific treatment of SFTS is available, and avoiding tick bites is an important measure to prevent the infection and transmission of SFTSV. This Review provides information on the molecular characteristics and ecology of this emerging tick-borne virus and describes the epidemiology, clinical signs, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of human infection with SFTSV. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Zhou Y.L.,Jilin Agricultural University
Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban | Year: 2011
By the method of water culture, the root exudates of Cangshan garlic and Caijiapo garlic were collected to study their allelopathic effects on the seed germination and seedling growth of lettuce, and on the development of pathogens Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum and F. oxysporium f. sp. niveum. The root exudates of the two garlic cultivars promoted the lettuce seed germination and seedling growth at low concentrations (0.1 and 0.2 g x mL(-1)), but showed inhibitory effects at high concentrations (0.4 and 0.6 g x mL(-1)), with the inhibitory effects being stronger for the root exudates of Caijiapo garlic. The two garlic cultivars' root exudates also had inhibitory effects on the mycelia growth and spore germination of the pathogens, and the effects increased with increasing concentration of the exudates, being stronger for Caijiapo garlic than for Cangshan garlic. F. oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum was more sensitive to the inhibitory effects of the root exudates of the two garlic cultivars, as compared to F. oxysporium f. sp. niveum.
Wang Y.,Jilin Agricultural University
Wei sheng wu xue bao = Acta microbiologica Sinica | Year: 2011
To detect peptide toxins in Amanita pallidorasea and to study the antifungal activities of peptide toxins against Blastomyces albicans. We separated and identified peptide toxins and determined its contents in the fruiting body, pileus and the mixture of stipe and volva from A. pallidorasea by HPLC and ESI-MS methods. Meanwhile, we detected antifungal activities of the crude toxin and the separated peptide toxins against Blastomyces albicans JLC31680 and JLC31681 by the paper disk method. We totally got three peptide toxins: alpha-amanitin (alpha-AMA), beta-amanitin (beta-AMA) and phalloidin (PHD). The contents of alpha-AMA, beta-AMA and PHD were 30.3 mg/g, 6.99 mg/g and 9.95 mg/g in fruiting body, and 45.0 mg/g, 11.1 mg/g and 11.3 mg/g in pileus. The contents of alpha-AMA and PHD were 11.7 mg/g and 7.98 mg/g in the mixture of stipe and volva , but the beta-AMA was not detected in this part. The inhibition ratio of the crude toxin and alpha-AMA, beta-AMA and PHD to B. albicans JLC31680 were 11.96%, 32.52%, 23.29% (P<0.01) and 15.46% (P<0.05). The inhibition ratio of the crude toxin and beta-AMA to B. albicans JLC31681 was 10.16% and 11.10% (P < 0.01), while that of alpha-AMA's was 6.89% (P < 0.05). A. pallidorasea is a new resource of peptide toxins with antifungal activity.
Ma J.,Jilin Agricultural University
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2011
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology plays an important role in molecular biology research, but false-positive and nonspecific PCR amplification have plagued many researchers. Currently, research on the optimization of the PCR system focuses on double-primer-based PCR products. This research has shown that PCR amplification based on single-primer binding to the DNA template is an important contributing factor to obtaining false-positive results, fragment impurity, and nonspecific fragment amplification, when the PCR conditions are highly restricted during PCR-based target gene cloning, detection of transgenic plants, simple-sequence repeat marker-assisted selection, and mRNA differential display. Here, we compared single- and double-primer amplification and proposed "single-primer PCR correction"; improvements in PCR that eliminate interference caused by single-primer-based nonspecific PCR amplification were demonstrated and the precision and success rates of experiments were increased. Although for some kinds of experiments, the improvement effect of single-primer PCR correction was variable, the precision and success rate could be elevated at 12-50% in our experiment by this way.