Jichi Medical University is a private university in Shimotsuke, Tochigi, Japan, established in 1972.In 2008 the Gates Foundation awarded $100,000 to Hiroyuki Matsuoka, a medical researcher at the university, to do research on flying syringes. Wikipedia.
Sugano K.,Jichi Medical University
Current Pharmaceutical Design | Year: 2015
Low-dose aspirin (LDA) has been increasingly used worldwide to prevent atherothrombotic events. At the same time, the adverse events, most frequent of which are gastrointestinal (GI) ulcers and complications have been raising a big concern with its wider use. These adverse events including reflux and dyspeptic symptoms not only jeopardize adherence of LDA, but my cause more serious outcomes. To reduce GI events by informing best evidence for physicians prescribing LDA, guidelines were published some years ago. Since then, more clinical evidence concerning preventive strategies for upper GI events has been accumulated. Notable differences between East and West are also recognized in terms of primary prevention strategy. Among several options to provide cardiovascular protection with LDA while reducing GI risk, PPI co-therapy is considered to be preferred approach for wider populations according to recent cost-effectiveness analyses based on increasing awareness of importance on adherence of LDA together with declining cost of PPI. This review will focus on these new developments on the prevention of upper gastrointestinal ulcer and complications in LDA users. © 2015 Bentham Science Publishers.
Taiko Pharmaceutical Co. and Jichi Medical University | Date: 2015-01-26
A measure that can readily prevent arthropod-borne diseases such as malaria that are contracted by 3 to 5 hundred million people worldwide yearly and that cause death of as many as 1.5 to 2.7 million people. By spraying in advance on the skin an arthropod-borne disease preventive agent or the like including chlorine dioxide as an effective component thereof, it is possible to provide repelling effect against arthropods such as infected mosquitoes that bear malaria protozoa and also to prevent biting of the skin by the arthropod, thus reducing contraction of the arthropod-borne diseases.
Hitachi Ltd. and Jichi Medical University | Date: 2016-03-30
Provided is a technique for computing a brain function index for diagnosing a mental disorder at the individual level, which can be applied to even a child around school age. A brain function index computing device includes a brain activity value calculation processing unit configured to calculate from brain activity signals of a subject a first brain activity value of a region including the meddle frontal gyrus (MFG) and a second brain activity value of a region including the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG); and a brain function index calculation processing unit configured to calculate a brain function index associated with a mental disorder using the first brain activity value and the second brain activity value.
Jichi Medical University and Matsutani Chemical Industry Co. | Date: 2016-12-14
Object: To provide an agent for sustaining satiety or a method for sustaining satiety, with which an individuals food intake is reduced by sustaining satiety, and as a result, pathological conditions such as obesity due to overeating can be prevented and improved. Means for Resolution: An agent for sustaining satiety containing D-psicose as an active ingredient and a method for sustaining satiety by the ingestion of D-psicose. Advantageous Effect: Satiety can be sustained although the increase in blood glucose level after eating is suppressed. A means for sustaining satiety which is useful for those who are anxious about their blood glucose level and those who are health conscious can be provided.
Information Management System, Portable Communication Terminal, Databank Device, Service Information Management Device, Authentication Device, Method For Managing Data, Method For Controlling Portable Communication Terminal, Method For Controlling Database, Method For Managing Service Information, And Program
GNSS Technologies Inc. and Jichi Medical University | Date: 2016-09-28
An information management system (10) includes: a mobile communication terminal (100) capable of obtaining location information; and a medical institution (130) provided with a regional medical data bank system (120) and a transmitter (131). The mobile communication terminal (100) transmits a space-time tag and a terminal ID to the regional medical data bank system (120). The space-time tag is constituted of time information and location information. A space-time ID information processing unit (121) of the regional medical data bank system (120) generates a space-time ID in a folder for each user based on a plurality of space-time tags and stores it in space-time ID information DB (122). A terminal device (133) of the medical institution (130) transmits the location information of the mobile communication terminal (100) and the time information to the regional medical data bank system (120). A verification processing unit (124) verifies information from the mobile communication terminal (100) against information from a utilization terminal (141) and transmits the information to the utilization terminal (141) when a request for transmission of the information is valid.
Kario K.,Jichi Medical University
Circulation Journal | Year: 2012
The devastating Great East Japan Earthquake, which was 9.0 on the Richter scale, occurred on March 11, 2011. Japan experienced the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 16 years ago, and I was working at the epicenter, and reported the characteristics of the earthquake-associated cardiovascular risk and high blood pressure (BP) found during the continuous practice and clinical studies of Tsuna Medical Association before and after the quake. A major disaster increases thrombophilic tendency and BP, both of which trigger disaster-induced cardiovascular events such as stroke, cardiac events, etc. The high salt intake and the increased salt sensitivity caused by disrupted circadian rhythms are the 2 major leading causes of disaster hypertension (HT) through neurohumoral activation under stressful conditions. To better assess and reduce the risks for disaster-associated cardiovascular events, we introduced the web-based Disaster Cardiovascular Prevention (DCAP) network (which consists of DCAP risk and prevention score assessment, and self-measured BP monitoring at both the shelter and the home) to the survivors of the 2011 disaster, and frequently found newly developed HT. Here I review the recent evidence, possible mechanism and the management of "disaster HT" for effective prevention of disaster-induced cardiovascular events.
Okamoto H.,Jichi Medical University
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013
The lack of an efficient cell culture system for hepatitis E virus (HEV) has greatly hampered detailed analyses of this virus. The first efficient cell culture systems for HEV that were developed were capable of secreting infectious HEV progenies in high titers into culture media, using PLC/PRF/5 cells derived from human hepatocellular carcinoma and A549 cells derived fromhuman lung cancer as host cells. The success achieved with the original genotype 3 JE03-1760F strain has now been extended to various HEV strains in fecal and serum samples obtained from hepatitis E patients and to HEV strains in fecal and serum samples and liver tissues obtained from pigs and wild boar across species barriers. In addition, infectious HEV cDNA clones of the wild-type JE03-1760F strain and its variants have been engineered. Cell culture-generated HEV particles and those in circulating blood were found to be associated with lipids and open reading frame 3 (ORF3) protein, thereby likely contributing to the assembly and release of HEV from infected cells both in vivo and in vitro. The ORF3 protein interacts with the tumor susceptibility gene 101, a critical cellular protein required for the budding of enveloped viruses, through the Pro, Ser, Ala, and Pro (PSAP) motif in infected cells; ORF3 is co-localized with multivesicular bodies (MVBs) in the cytoplasm of infected cells, thus suggesting that HEV requires theMVB pathway for the egress of virus particles. This article reviews the development of efficient cell culture systems for a wide variety of infectious HEV strains obtained from humans, pigs, and wild boar, and also provides details of a new model for virion egress. © Springer 2012.
Okamoto H.,Jichi Medical University
Reviews in Medical Virology | Year: 2011
Attempts have been made to propagate hepatitis E virus (HEV) in primary hepatocyte culture and various other cultured cells. However, the replication ability of HEV recovered from culture media remains extremely low. Recently, efficient culture systems have been established in PLC/PRF/5 (hepatocellular carcinoma) and A549 (lung cancer) cell lines for HEV strains of genotypes 3 and 4 in our laboratory. They originated in fecal extracts from patients containing HEV RNA in extremely high-titers (10 7copies/ml), and named the JE03-1760F (genotype 3) and HE-JF5/15F (genotype 4) strains, respectively. HEV RNA in culture supernatants reached 10 8copies/ml in titer, and were transmitted successively through many passages. An infectious HEV cDNA clone (pJE03-1760F/wt) was constructed that has replication activity comparable to that of the wild-type JE03-1760F in feces. The ORF3 protein is indispensable for shedding HEV particles from cells in the reverse genetics system. HEV recovered from culture media, as well as circulating HEV, possess ORF3 proteins on the surface and are covered with cellular membranes, and therefore, ORF2 epitopes are buried in these particles. In contrast, HEV excreted into feces are naked nucleocapsids without a lipid layer or surface expression of the ORF3 protein. HEV in sera of patients with acute hepatitis E can infect and replicate in PLC/PRF/5 and A549 cells, with efficiency comparable to the circulating HEV RNA levels. High-efficiency cell culture systems for infectious viruses, thus developed, are expected to open up a new era and resolve many mysteries in the epidemiology, molecular biology, and treatment of HEV. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Kario K.,Jichi Medical University
Nature Reviews Nephrology | Year: 2013
Orthostatic hypertension - a condition characterized by a hyperactive pressor response to orthostatic stress - is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is associated with hypertensive target-organ damage (resulting in silent cerebrovascular disease, left ventricular hypertrophy, carotid atherosclerosis and/or chronic kidney disease) and cardiovascular events (such as coronary artery disease and lacunar stroke). The condition is also considered to be a form of prehypertension as it precedes hypertension in young, normotensive adults. Orthostatic blood pressure changes can be assessed using orthostatic stress tests, including clinic active standing tests, home blood pressure monitoring and the head-up tilting test. Devices for home and for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring that are equipped with position sensors and do not induce a white-coat effect have increased the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of out-of-clinic orthostatic hypertension. Potential major mechanisms of orthostatic hypertension are sympathetic hyperactivity (as a result of hypersensitivity of the cardiopulmonary and arterial baroreceptor reflex) and α-adrenergic hyperactivation. Orthostatic hypertension is also associated with morning blood pressure surge and extreme nocturnal blood pressure dipping, both of which increase the pulsatile haemodynamic stress of central arterial pressure and blood flow in patients with systemic haemodynamic atherothrombotic syndrome. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Kanda Y.,Jichi Medical University
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2013
Although there are many commercially available statistical software packages, only a few implement a competing risk analysis or a proportional hazards regression model with time-dependent covariates, which are necessary in studies on hematopoietic SCT. In addition, most packages are not clinician friendly, as they require that commands be written based on statistical languages. This report describes the statistical software 'EZR' (Easy R), which is based on R and R commander. EZR enables the application of statistical functions that are frequently used in clinical studies, such as survival analyses, including competing risk analyses and the use of time-dependent covariates, receiver operating characteristics analyses, meta-Analyses, sample size calculation and so on, by point-And-click access. EZR is freely available on our website (http://www.jichi.ac.jp/saitama-sct/SaitamaHP.files/statmed.html) and runs on both Windows (Microsoft Corporation, USA) and Mac OS X (Apple, USA). This report provides instructions for the installation and operation of EZR. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.