Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital
Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital
Zeng C.,Nanchang University |
He F.,Nanchang University |
Xia C.,Nanchang University |
Xia C.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Drug Metabolism and Disposition | Year: 2013
Shenmai injection (SMI) is a popular herbal preparation that is widely used for the treatment of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease and viral myocarditis. In our previous study, SMI was shown to differentially affect CYP3A4-mediated 1′-hydroxylation and 4-hydroxylation of midazolam (MDZ). The present study was conducted to identify the active components in SMI responsible for the differential effects on MDZ metabolism, using in vitro incubation systems (rat and human liver microsomes and a recombinant CYP3A4 system) to measure 1′-hydroxylation and 4-hydroxylation of MDZ. First, different fractions of SMI were obtained by gradient elution on an solid phase extraction system and individually tested for their effects on MDZ metabolism. The results demonstrated that lipid-soluble constituents were likely to be the predominant active components of SMI. Second, the possible active components were gradually separated on an high-performance liquid chromatography system under different conditions and individually tested in vitro for their effects on MDZ metabolism. Third, the active component obtained in the above experiment was collected and subjected to structural analysis, and identified as panaxytriol (PXT). Finally, it was validated that PXT had significant differential effects on 1′-hydroxylation and 4-hydroxylation of MDZ in various in vitro systems that were similar to those of SMI. We conclude that PXT is the constituent of SMI responsible for the differential effects on CYP3A4-mediated 1′-hydroxylation and 4-hydroxylation of MDZ. Copyright © 2013 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
Xu J.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Xu J.,Nanchang University |
Wu X.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Zhou W.-H.,Sun Yat Sen University |
And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) acquires an unfavorable prognosis, emerging as a major challenge for the treatment of breast cancer. In the present study, 122 TNBC patients were subjected to analysis of Aurora-A (Aur-A) expression and survival prognosis. We found that Aur-A high expression was positively associated with initial clinical stage (P = 0.025), the proliferation marker Ki-67 (P = 0.001), and the recurrence rate of TNBC patients (P<0.001). In TNBC patients with Aur-A high expression, the risk of distant recurrence peaked at the first 3 years and declined rapidly thereafter, whereas patients with Aur-A low expression showed a relatively constant risk of recurrence during the entire follow-up period. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that overexpression of Aur-A predicted poor overall survival (P = 0.002) and progression-free survival (P = 0.012) in TNBC. Furthermore, overexpression of Aur-A, associated with high Ki-67, predicted an inferior prognosis compared with low expression of both Aur-A and Ki-67. Importantly, we further found that Aur-A was overexpressed in TNBC cells, and inhibition of this kinase inhibited cell proliferation and prevented cell migration in TNBC. Our findings demonstrated that Aur-A was a potential therapeutic target for TNBC and inhibition of Aur-A kinase was a promising regimen for TNBC cancer therapy. © 2013 Xu et al.
Zhou W.,Nanchang University |
Zhou W.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Yue C.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Deng J.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Beclin 1, a key regulator of autophagy, has been found to be aberrantly expressed in a variety of human malignancies. Herein, we employed immunohistochemistry (IHC) to detect the protein expression of Beclin 1 in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and paired normal adjacent lung tissues, and analyzed its clinicopathological/prognostic significance in NSCLC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized to determine a cutoff point (>2 VS. ≤2) for Beclin 1 expression in a training set (n = 105). For validation, the ROC-derived cutoff value was subjected to analysis of the association of Beclin 1 with patients' clinical characteristics and outcome in a testing set (n = 111) and the overall patient cohort (n = 216). Our data showed that Beclin 1 was significantly lower in NSCLC tissues compared with the adjacent normal tissues, negatively associating with tumor recurrence rate (65.8% VS 32.3%; p < 0.001). In the testing set and the overall patient cohort, low expression of Beclin 1 showed significantly inferior overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001) and progression-free survival (PFS) (p < 0.001) compared to high expression of Beclin 1. In the testing set and the overall patient cohort, the median duration of OS for patients with high and low expression of Beclin 1 was 108 VS. 24.5 months (p < 0.001) and 108 VS. 28 months (p < 0.001), respectively. Furthermore, low expression of Beclin 1 was also a poor prognostic factor within each stage of NSCLC patients. Multivariate analysis identified that Beclin 1 was an independent prognostic factor for NSCLC. Our findings in the present study provided evidence that Beclin 1 may thus emerge as an independent prognostic biomarker in this tumor entity in the future. © 2013 Zhou et al.
He F.,Nanchang University |
He F.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
Li Y.,Nanchang University |
Li Y.,Jiangxi Nursing Occupation Technology College |
And 7 more authors.
Xenobiotica | Year: 2014
1. Gliquidone, a second generation sulfonylurea, is a widely used oral antidiabetic drug. Due to the differences in its rate of metabolism, gliquidone shows inter-subject variability in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles. 2. Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoforms are involved in the metabolism of a majority of drugs in clinical use and plays a significant role in reducing possible drug interactions. This research aimed to systematically study the contribution of various human CYP450 isoforms to gliquidone metabolism in vitro in rats and human. 3. In rat liver microsomes, gliquidone was metabolized mainly by the most abundant CYP2C. The other isoforms involved in the metabolism included CYP3A, CYP2D, CYP1A and CYP2E. 4. Further investigation of rat recombinant enzymes showed that CYP3A1 and CYP2C11 played a major role in gliquidone metabolism in vitro, while CYP2D1, CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 were also involved. 5. But the metabolism of gliquidone in the human liver microsomes was mainly mediated by CYP3A4. The other isoforms involved in this process were CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6. 6. The further study of human recombinant enzymes demonstrated that CYP3A4 was the principal isoform enzyme for the metabolism of gliquidone. The intrinsic clearance (Vmax/Km) of CYP3A4 during gliquidone metabolism was 3-12 times greater than that of other CYP450 isoforms including CYP2C9, CYP2D6 and CYP2C19. 7. These findings may assist in valuable prediction of potential interactions of gliquidone with other drugs that are CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers and help to design more efficacious and safer pharmacotherapy for patients of diabetes mellitus. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd.
Yan D.,Nanchang University |
Yan D.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
Liu H.-L.,Nanchang University |
Yu Z.-J.,Nanchang University |
And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2016
Lipoxins (LXs) display unique pro-resolving and anti-inflammatory functions in a variety of inflammatory conditions. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of BML-111 (5(S),6(R),7-trihydroxyheptanoic acid methyl ester), the agonist of lipoxin A4 receptor, in a model of Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and d>-Galactosamine (d>-GalN) induced acute liver injury, and to explore the mechanisms. Histopathological analyses were carried out to quantify liver injury degree. The activities of myeloperoxidase (MPO) were examined to evaluate the levels of neutrophil infiltration. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in serum were detected to evaluate the functions of the liver. The amounts of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the expression levels of transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were examined using Western blotting. The antioxidant capacity, the activities of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) were analyzed with the kits via biochemical analysis. We established the model of acute liver injury with lipopolysaccharide and d>-Galactosamine (LPS/d>-GalN): (1) histopathological results and MPO activities, with the activities of AST and ALT in serum, consistently demonstrated LPS and d>-GalN challenge could cause severe liver damage, but BML-111 could prevent pathological changes, inhibit neutrophil infiltration, and improve the hepatic function; (2) LPS/d>-GalN increased TNF-α, IL-1β, COX-2, and IL-10, while decreasing TGF-β1. However, BML-111 could repress LPS/d>-GalN -induced TNF-α, IL-1β and COX-2, meanwhile increasing the expression levels of TGF-β1 and IL-10; (3) LPS/d>-GalN inhibited the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and hydroxyl radical-scavenging ability, simultaneously increasing the levels of MDA and NO, so also the activity of iNOS. Otherwise, BML-111 could reverse all the phenomena. In a word, BML-111 played a protective role in acute liver injury induced by LPS and d>-GalN in rats, through improving antioxidant capacity and regulating the balance of inflammatory cytokines. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Wang Z.,Jiujiang First Peoples Hospital |
Liu Q.-L.,Jiujiang First Peoples Hospital |
Sun W.,Jiujiang First Peoples Hospital |
Yang C.-J.,Jiujiang First Peoples Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Croatian Medical Journal | Year: 2014
Aim To explore the association of NFKB1 c.-798_-795delATTG (rs28362491), NFKBIA c.-949C > T (rs2233406), IL-8 c.-352-A > T (rs4073), IL-10 c.-854T > C (rs1800871), TNF c.-418G > A (rs361525), and TNF c.-488G > A (rs1800629) polymorphisms with breast cancer risk in an East Chinese population. Methods We conducted a case-control study including 975 study participants (474 breast cancer patients and 501 female controls without cancer) and genotyped the polymorphisms employing polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Logistic regression was used to assess the association of the polymorphisms with breast cancer risk. Results We found that the ins/del and del/del genotypes of NFKB1 polymorphism and TT genotype of IL-10 polymorphism significantly increased breast cancer risk (NFKB1 ins/del odds ratio [OR] 1.69, 95% [CI] 1.23-2.33, P = 0.001; NFKB1 del/del OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.72-3.42, P < 0.001; IL-10 TT OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.58-3.52, P < 0.001). On the other hand, the TT genotype of IL-8 polymorphism, GA and AA genotypes of TNF c.-418G > A polymorphism, and GA genotype of TNF c.- 488G > A polymorphism significantly reduced breast cancer risk (IL-8 TT OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.33-0.72, P < 0.001; TNF c.- 418 GA OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.41-0.80, P = 0.001; TNF c.-418 AA OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.14-0.98, P = 0.044; TNF c.-488 GA OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.48-0.96, P = 0.029). When stratified by menopausal status, the CT genotype of NFKBIA polymorphism significantly reduced the risk among pre-menopausal women (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.40-0.99, P =, 043), but not among postmenopausal women. Conclusions NFKB1, NFKBIA, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF polymorphisms could serve as useful predictive biomarkers for breast cancer risk among women in East China.
Xu Z.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
Yu C.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
Wang S.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital |
Xu G.,Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the conventional treatment for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but few studies to date have demonstrated the use of TACE as an examination method for uneasily detected HCC. The present study describes an unusual case of HCC with TACE as an examination method. A 41‑year‑old male presented with an elevated α‑fetoprotein level (AFP) of 3,635 ng/ml, however, no tumor lesions were detected by B‑mode ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or digital subtraction angiography. During TACE treatment, two tumor lesions of ~0.5 and 0.8 cm were revealed in the right liver lobe, with no tumors in the left liver lobe. A month after TACE, a liver CT scan found 11 lesions (8 in the right liver lobe and 3 in the left liver lobe). The HCC patient's AFP levels decreased to an almost normal level following the TACE treatment. This study provokes consideration of the application of TACE in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC patients with liver lesions that are hard to detect by conventional means. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Jiangxi Province Cancer Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2015
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the conventional treatment for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but few studies to date have demonstrated the use of TACE as an examination method for uneasily detected HCC. The present study describes an unusual case of HCC with TACE as an examination method. A 41-year-old male presented with an elevated -fetoprotein level (AFP) of 3,635 ng/ml, however, no tumor lesions were detected by B-mode ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or digital subtraction angiography. During TACE treatment, two tumor lesions of ~0.5 and 0.8 cm were revealed in the right liver lobe, with no tumors in the left liver lobe. A month after TACE, a liver CT scan found 11 lesions (8 in the right liver lobe and 3 in the left liver lobe). The HCC patients AFP levels decreased to an almost normal level following the TACE treatment. This study provokes consideration of the application of TACE in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC patients with liver lesions that are hard to detect by conventional means.