Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Wang Z.,Jiangsu University | Wang Z.,Jiangsu Taihu Boiler Co. | Wang J.,Jiangsu University | Gu L.,Jiangsu Taihu Boiler Co.
Gaodianya Jishu/High Voltage Engineering | Year: 2013

In order to achieve an effective atomization of biodiesel, droplet breakup in electrostatic field and its mechanism were investigated based on mathematic models and experiment. A droplet electrostatic breakup model was founded by adopting Rayleigh instability conditions, then the main factor affecting the breakup of biodiesel and the specific charges under different influential factors were obtained. The droplets size distribution and specific charges under different voltages were measured by a phase Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA) and the Faraday cage method, respectively. Theoretical analysis and experimental data indicate that the Rayleigh breakup occurs due to surface charges (including net and non-excess polarization charges) to meet Rayleigh instability conditions, and simultaneously the droplets deform and break into much finer droplets to maintain Taylor stability due to polarization forces in electrostatic field. According to theoretical analysis, the key factors affecting the droplets breakup include electrification charge, droplets velocity, and temperature, thus heating, increasing jet velocity and specific charges are considerable methods to overcome the difficulty in biodiesel droplets atomization due to the high viscosity of biodiesel. In experiments, the typical value of specific charge is within 10-9~10-8 C/g, which is much lower than the calculated value 10-6 C/g. The reasons of this discrepancy include the consumption of electrostatic energy for droplets breakup, the increasing non-excess polarization charges on the droplets surface, the droplet polarization in electrostatic field, the aerodynamic forces assisting atomization, and some nature characteristics of biodiesel. Source


Wang Z.,Jiangsu University | Wang Z.,Jiangsu Taihu Boiler Co. | Dong Q.,Jiangsu University | Wang J.,Jiangsu University | Gu L.,Jiangsu Taihu Boiler Co.
Gaodianya Jishu/High Voltage Engineering | Year: 2015

In order to investigate the effect of induced surface charges due to polarization of droplets which are located in the electrostatic field on droplets breakup, we analyzed the electrical-field intensity on droplets surface through dielectric sphere model, derived the relation between D(electric displacement), P(polarization) and E(electrical-field intensity), and established expressions of free surface charge and induced surface charge. Furthermore, we theoretically obtained the critical electrical-field intensity for several kinds of liquid and different diameter droplets, when the induced surface density reached the maximum value which was the Rayleigh limit. Finally, we theoretically analyzed the induced surface charge on diesel droplets in typical electrical-field intensity, computed the relation between induced surface charge density and free surface charge intensity, and compared the relation between induced surface charge density and critical surface charge intensity at air breakdown field strength. The results indicate that induced surface charges play an important role in droplets breakup, especially when droplets are located in the high electrical field strength. When a droplet is polarized by high electrical strength, the total surface charges are enhanced on the side of a droplet, which are close to the critical surface charges to disintegrate a droplet. In addition, force on droplets would be produced, and its direction is in accordance with the electrical strength. So, a droplet is transformed into an ellipsoid (close to Taylor limit), and the possibility of breakup for a droplet will increase. In the real experiments, although the sum of the measured free surface charge and induced surface charge is always less than critical surface charges, the droplet will still break due to the effects of Taylor limit, Re numbers, surface tension variation, etc. ©, 2015, Science Press. All right reserved. Source


Wang Z.-T.,Jiangsu University | Wang Z.-T.,Jiangsu Taihu Boiler Co. | Wang J.-F.,Jiangsu University | Wen J.-L.,Jiangsu University | Gu L.-P.,Jiangsu Taihu Boiler Co.
Neiranji Gongcheng/Chinese Internal Combustion Engine Engineering | Year: 2014

Charged diesel droplet strip breakup was theoretically reseached and verified by existent experimental results. The main factors affecting the droplet strip breakup were analyzed by adopting Rayleigh limit and considering effect of We and Re Numbers. The critical specific charge of droplets was calculated and its order of magnitude of 10-6~10-5 C/g was obtained. In the droplet range of experiments, the order of magnitude of experimental charge-to-mass ratio was 10-6 C/g. Results indicate that the diesel droplet carrying net charge or polarized charge breakups into more fine drops with strip breakup model in Rayleigh mode and Taylor mode. The experimental results and the calculated data are quite close. This study can provide important foundation for realization of the fuel droplet low pressure atomization. When droplets breaking up, diesel droplet number density dramatically increases and the finer droplets coalesce, causing Sauter mean diameter (SMD) of droplets arriving to peak value. So the relation between the droplet size and charged voltage exhibits non-monotony. Source

Discover hidden collaborations