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Wang Y.-L.,Xinxiang Medical University | Yuan Y.,Xinxiang Medical University | Yang J.,Xinxiang Medical University | Wang C.-H.,Xinxiang Medical University | And 18 more authors.
Neuropeptides | Year: 2013

Oxytocin (OXT), a nonapeptide hormone of posterior pituitary, reaches the central nervous system from systemic blood circulation with a difficulty because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The interest has been expressed in the use of the nasal route for delivery of OXT to the brain directly, exploiting the olfactory pathway. Our previous study has demonstrated that OXT in the central nervous system rather than the blood circulation plays an important role in rat pain modulation. The communication tried to investigate the interaction between the OXT and pain modulation in Chinese patients with headache to understand the OXT effect on human pain modulation. The results showed that (1) intranasal OXT could relieve the human headache in a dose-dependent manner; (2) OXT concentration in both plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) increased significantly in headache patients in relation with the pain level; and (3) there was a positive relationship between plasma and CSF OXT concentration in headache patients. The data suggested that intranasal OXT, which was delivered to the central nervous system through olfactory region, could treat human headache and OXT might be a potential drug of headache relief by intranasal administration. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Li M.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhang W.,Peking Union Medical College | Leng X.,Peking Union Medical College | Li Z.,Bengbu Medical College | And 11 more authors.
Lupus | Year: 2013

The Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) treatment and research group (CSTAR) provides major clinical characteristics of SLE in China and establishes a platform to provide resources for future basic and clinical studies. CSTAR originated as a multicentre, consecutive, and prospective design. The data were collected online from 104 rheumatology centers, which covered 30 provinces in China. The registered patients were required to meet four or more of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for the classification of SLE. All CSTAR centers use the same protocol-directed methods to provide uniform evaluations, which included demographic data, clinical features, laboratory examinations, and disease activity evaluations. The patient samples, including DNA samples and sera, were also collected for further quality controls and additional studies. Preliminary analysis from 2104 baseline evaluations was available for this analysis. Of 1914 female and 190 male patients (F:M = 10.1), the mean age at onset was 29.2 y with confirmed diagnosis one year later at the age of 30.3 y. Eighty four (4.2%) of 2002 patients had a family history of rheumatic diseases, including 34 (1.7%) cases with SLE. In addition, one hundred and seven (5.2%) abnormal pregnancies were recorded among 2026 experiences. The characteristics of the CSTAR cohort were compared to similarly sized cohorts from other studies. We found that 56.1% of patients presented with concurrent hematological disorders compared to only 18.2% of European patients. Moreover, 47.4% of patients presented with nephropathy compared to 27.9% of European patients. Conversely, neurological manifestations were only seen in 4.8% of Chinese SLE patients compared to 19.4% of European patients, 12.1% of U.S. patients, 22.8% of Malaysian patients and 26.4% of Latin Americans. Pulmonary arterial hypertension and interstitial lung diseases were complications identified in 3.8% and 4.2% of Chinese lupus patients, respectively. The CSTAR registry has provided epidemiological data and phenotypes of Chinese patients with SLE, and has demonstrated several differences between ethnicities. Clinical data and biologic samples would be valuable resources for future translational studies with national and international collaboration. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav. Source

He S.-Z.,Hospital of Ganzhou City | Sun X.-C.,Jiangsu Provincial Peoples Hospital | Xiao Z.-Y.,Hospital of Ganzhou City
Journal of Practical Oncology | Year: 2011

Objective: To compare the acute toxicity of radiotherapy between conventional and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) technique for newly diagnosed nasopharygeal carcinoma. Methods: Eighty patients with newly diagnosed nasopharygeal carcinoma were treated with conventional radiotherapy or IMRT from Feb 2009 to Jan 2011. Acute toxicities including acute skin reaction, acute radiation-induced mucositis, hematological toxicity, trismus and xerostomia were compared between the two groups. Results: The incidence of the acute skin reaction, xerostomia and trismus in conventional radiotherapy group was significantly higher than in the IMRT group. The incidence of mucositis and hematological toxicity was similar in the two groups. Conclusion: IMRT can significantly reduce the incidence of acute radiation dermatitis, trismus and xerostomia, while the incidence of mucositis and hematological toxicity is similar in the two groups. Source

Li M.,Peking Union Medical College | Wang Q.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhao J.,Peking Union Medical College | Li Z.,Bengbu Medical College | And 14 more authors.
Lupus | Year: 2014

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and risk factors for PAH in patients registered in the Chinese SLE Treatment and Research group (CSTAR) database, the first online registry of Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study of patients with SLE was conducted using the CSTAR registry. Resting transthoracic echocardiography was used to estimate pulmonary artery pressure (PAP); PAH was defined as systolic PAP (PASP) ≥40 mmHg. Patients with interstitial lung disease, valvular disease or cardiomyopathy were excluded because of disease influence on PAP. We explored potential risk factors for PAH including patient characteristics, organ involvement, laboratory findings and SLE disease activity. Results: Of 1934 patients with SLE, 74 had PASP with 54.2±17.1 (40,106) mmHg and were diagnosed with probable PAH. The incidences of lupus nephritis, pleuritis, pericarditis, hypocomplementemia, anti-SSA, and anti-ribonucleoprotein (RNP) were significantly higher in patients with PAH than in those without (p<0.05). SLE disease activity was significantly higher in patients with PAH than in unaffected patients (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that pericarditis (odds ratio (OR)=4.248), pleuritis (OR=3.061) and anti-RNP (OR=2.559) were independent risk factors for PAH in patients with SLE (p<0.05). Conclusions: The possible prevalence of PAH was 3.8% in Chinese patients with SLE in the CSTAR registry. The significant association of pericarditis, pleuritis and anti-RNP positivity with PAH suggests that higher disease activity and vasculopathy may both contribute to the development of PAH in SLE, which need be treated aggressively to improve prognosis. © The Author(s), 2014. Source

Feng X.,Nanjing Medical University | Zou Y.,Wuxi Peoples Hospital | Pan W.,Huaian No.1 Hospital | Wang X.,Xuzhou No.4 Peoples Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Lupus | Year: 2014

The objective of this study is to evaluate the association of clinical features and prognosis with age at disease onset in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large, multicenter Chinese cohort. Medical records of 1898 SLE inpatients from 15 hospitals were reviewed and classified into three groups according to their ages at disease presentation. Categorical data were analyzed by chi-square test and potentially associated factors were tested by multinomial logistic regression. Among the patients studied, 259 (13.6%) were juvenile onset (≤18 years), 1444 (76.1%) were early onset (>18 and ≤45 years) and 195 (10.3%) were late onset (>45 years). Whenever manifestations occurred, most patients (>80%) were diagnosed within two years. Juvenile-onset patients were more likely to be untreated before admission (p < 0.001) and have mucocutaneous manifestations (p < 0.001), but musculoskeletal symptoms (p < 0.05) and leukopenia (p < 0.05) were less frequent, while comorbidities were much higher in patients with late-onset SLE (p < 0.001). Neuropsychiatric, cardiopulmonary, renal and gastrointestinal involvement, disease activity index and damage scores were similar among three groups. Anti-Sm antibodies were less prevalent in late-onset patients (p < 0.05) and antimalarial drugs were more often applied to juvenile-onset patients (p < 0.001). As expected, mortality was elevated in the late-onset SLE group (p < 0.05), in which nearly half died of infections, which was much higher than those in the other two groups (p < 0.001). Logistic regression confirmed that patients with juvenile- and early-onset disease were associated with high incidence of being untreated prior to admission, and with low incidence of comorbidities as well as deaths caused by infection compared to patients with late-onset lupus. Interestingly, our data showed that more patients with late-onset disease had a SLEDAI score change of >7 at discharge. In conclusion, age at onset has an impact on SLE disease status, and infection is the main cause of death in those with late-onset lupus. Considering that the late-onset patients had simultaneously easily controllable diseases and high incidence of comorbidities, a different treatment strategy from younger patients should be considered. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav. Source

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