Xing H.,Tongji University |
Zhang Z.,Tongji University |
Liu H.,City College of New York |
Wei H.,Electrical Power Design Institute of Jiangsu Province
Geotextiles and Geomembranes | Year: 2014
In recent years, concrete piles, such as cast-in-place piles and precast concrete piles, have been increasingly used to support superstructures and embankments when they are constructed on soft soils. On the top of pile head elevation, a certain thick granular cushion including geosynthetic reinforcement is usually installed to transfer more external load onto the piles through soil arching effect and membrane effect. This technique involving the use of rigid piles, gravel cushion and geosynthetics is usually referred to as geosynthetic-reinforced and pile-supported earth platform. This paper presents two well-instrumented large-scale tests of pile-supported earth platform with and without geogrid reinforcement. The performance of the pile-supported platform with geogrid and its load transfer behavior were investigated and compared with those for the test without geogrid. The validation of the EBGEO (2010) calculation was performed based on the test results. The test results indicate that under lower applied load, the loads carried by the piles in the test with geogrid were close to those in the test without goegrid, while with an increase in external load the loads carried by piles in the test with geogrid increased faster than those in the test without geogrid. The negative skin friction for the test with geogrid was smaller than that for the test without geogrid. Based on the contours of earth pressures on foundation base the maximum earth pressures were distributed along the edge of central cap in the test with geogrid. The minimum earth pressures were on midway subsoil between two caps in both tests. Based on the test results, the efficacy for the test with geogrid was 2.5% greater than that for the test without geogrid at the end of loading. The efficacies predicted by the EBGEO (2010) calculation agreed well with the measured efficacies. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.