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Zhao F.-H.,Peking Union Medical College | Zhu F.-C.,Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Prevention and Control Nanjing China | Chen W.,Peking Union Medical College | Li J.,National Institute for Food and Drug Control Beijing China | And 13 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014

Baseline human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and type distribution were evaluated in young Chinese women enrolled in a clinical trial of an HPV vaccine (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT00779766). Cervical specimens and blood samples were collected at baseline from women aged 18-25 years (n=6,051) from four sites across Jiangsu province. Cervical specimens were tested for HPV DNA by SPF10 PCR-DEIA-LiPA25 version 1, and HPV-16/18 type-specific polymerase chain reaction. Anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 antibody titres were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. At baseline, 15.3% of women were DNA positive for any of 14 HPV high-risk (hr) types (HPV-16/18/31/33/35/39/45/51/52/56/58/59/66/68). The most commonly detected hrHPV types in cervical specimens were HPV-52 (4.0%) and HPV-16 (3.7%). High-risk HPV DNA-positivity increased with severity of cytological abnormalities: 39.3% in atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 85.0% in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and 97.8% in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). The hrHPV types most frequently detected in HSIL were HPV-16 (63.0%), HPV-18 (17.4%), HPV-52 (17.4%), HPV-58 (15.2%) and HPV-33 (15.2%). The hrHPV types most frequently detected in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ were HPV-16 (66.1%), HPV-33 (16.1%), HPV-52 (16.1%), HPV-58 (14.5%) and HPV-51 (11.3%). Multiple hrHPV infections were reported for 24.4% of hrHPV DNA positive women. Regardless of baseline HPV DNA status, 30.5% and 16.0% of subjects were initially seropositive for anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18, respectively. In conclusion, the high baseline seropositivity rate and intermediate prevalence of cervical hrHPV types in Chinese women aged 18-25 years underlines the importance of early HPV vaccination in this population. © 2014 The Authors.


Zhu F.-C.,Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Prevention and Control Nanjing China | Chen W.,Peking Union Medical College | Hu Y.-M.,Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Prevention and Control Nanjing China | Hong Y.,Nanjing Medical University | And 17 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014

This phase II/III, double-blind, randomized trial assessed the efficacy, immunogenicity and safety of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in young Chinese women (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT00779766). Women aged 18-25 years from Jiangsu province were randomized (1:1) to receive HPV vaccine (n=3,026) or Al(OH)3 control (n=3,025) at months 0, 1 and 6. The primary objective was vaccine efficacy (VE) against HPV-16/18 associated 6-month persistent infection (PI) and/or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1+. Secondary objectives were VE against virological and clinical endpoints associated with HPV-16/18 and with high-risk HPV types, immunogenicity and safety. Mean follow-up for the according-to-protocol cohort for efficacy (ATP-E) was ∼15 months after the third dose. In the ATP-E (vaccine=2,889; control=2,894), for initially HPV DNA negative and seronegative subjects, HPV-16/18 related VE (95% CI) was 94.2% (62.7, 99.9) against 6-month PI and/or CIN1+ and 93.8% (60.2, 99.9) against cytological abnormalities. VE against HPV-16/18 associated CIN1+ and CIN2+ was 100% (-50.4, 100) and 100% (-140.2, 100), respectively (no cases in the vaccine group and 4 CIN1+ and 3 CIN2+ cases in the control group). At Month 7, at least 99.7% of initially seronegative vaccine recipients had seroconverted for HPV-16/18; geometric mean antibody titres (95% CI) were 6,996 (6,212 to 7,880) EU/mL for anti-HPV-16 and 3,309 (2,942 to 3,723) EU/mL for anti-HPV-18. Safety outcomes between groups were generally similar. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine is effective, immunogenic and has a clinically acceptable safety profile in young Chinese women. Prophylactic HPV vaccination has the potential to substantially reduce the burden of cervical cancer in China. © 2014 The Authors.

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