Zhang X.-F.,Nanjing University |
Zhu Y.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhu Y.,Chinese Institute of Clinical Medicine |
Liang W.-B.,Jiangsu Province Blood Center |
And 2 more authors.
Endocrine | Year: 2014
Increased cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is associated with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. We previously demonstrated that the transcription factor Ets-1 significantly up-regulated COX-2 gene promoter activity. In this report, we used the pancreatic β-cell line INS-1 and isolated rat islets to investigate whether Ets-1 could induce β-cell dysfunction through up-regulating COX-2 gene expression. We investigated the effects of ETS-1 overexpression and the effects of ETS-1 RNA interference on endogenous COX-2 expression in INS-1 cells. We used site-directed mutagenesis and a dual luciferase reporter assay to study putative Ets-1 binding sites in the COX-2 promoter. The effect of ETS-1 1 overexpression on the insulin secretion function of INS-1 cells and rat islets and the potential reversal of these effects by a COX-2 inhibitor were determined in a glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) assay. ETS-1 overexpression significantly induces endogenous COX-2 expression, but ETS-1 RNA interference has no effect on basal COX-2 expression in INS-1 cells. Ets-1 protein significantly increases COX-2 promoter activity through the binding site located in the -195/-186 region of the COX-2 promoter. ETS-1 overexpression significantly inhibited the GSIS function of INS-1 cells and islet cells and COX-2 inhibitor treatment partly reversed this effect. These findings indicated that ETS-1 overexpression induces β-cell dysfunction partly through up-regulation of COX-2 gene expression. Moreover, Ets-1, the transcriptional regulator of COX-2 expression, may be a potential target for the prevention of β-cell dysfunction mediated by COX-2. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.
Ma L.,Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of 10 rare red blood groups in Chinese Nanjing population, so as to provide compatible rare blood to patients and to create a donor data bank. Jk (a-b-) (Kidd) phenotypes were detected by urea, while H-(H), GPA-(MNS), GPC-(Gerbich), i+ (Ii) and Lub-(Lutheran) phenotypes were detected by monoclonal, polyclonal antibodies with U type 96 well microplate technology. The screening of Jsb- and k-(Kell), Fya-(Duffy), Ok-(Ok), s-(MNS) and Dib-(Digeo) phenotypes were performed by polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that 2 Jk (a-b-) out of 40337 donation samples and 3 Fy (a-b+) out of 1782 donation samples were found, while no other rare blood phenotypes (H-, GPA-, GPC-, Lub-, Ok-, s-, Jsb-, k-, Dib- and i+) were detected. It is concluded that the frequencies of Jk (a-b-) and Fya(a-b+) are 0.0049% and 0.168% respectively. No more rare blood phenotype was found in this screening.
Ma L.,Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using RASSF1A gene as a universal fetal marker in maternal plasma. Two methods of circulating cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) extracted from maternal plasma were compared. The better one was chosen for extraction of cffDNA in the 20 pregnant samples. The SRY gene and the RASSF1A gene treated with methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme were amplificated by RT-PCR and the PCR system was optimized. The results showed that the SRY gene was found in 11 out of the 20 pregnant samples, which was consistent with the postnatal sex. Using the optimized PCR system, the specifically amplified fetal-associated methylated RASSF1A gene was found after treatment with BstUI in 18 of the 20 pregnant samples, while the 2 samples failed in detection. It is concluded that the methylated fetal-specific RASSF1A gene can be used as a universal fetal marker for the presence of cffDNA in maternal plasma without fetal gender restrictions. So, it can be used for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis.
Li Z.,Nanjing Southeast University |
Li Z.,Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications |
Li Z.,Nanjing Longliang Biological Science and Technology Ltd Company |
Yang H.,Nanjing Southeast University |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology | Year: 2013
For reducing the steric hindrance and nonspecific binding of the target DNA, the dextran was used as molecular arms to be immobilized on the surface of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Magnetic separation was used in preparation of dextran- MNPs (DMNPs). Aspartic acid and aminated DNA probe were successively modified on the dextran immobilized on the surface of MNPs. These probe-DMNPs were successfully applied to detect biotin-labeled PCR product of E. coli O157:H7 genome by hybridization. Then the complexes were bonded with streptavidin-modified alkaline phosphatase (ALP-SA). Finally the chemiluminescent signals were detected by adding 3-(2-spiroadamantane)-4- methoxy-4- (3-phosphoryloxy) phenyl-1,2-dioxetane (AMPPD). The results showed that this method had a good specificity, and higher sensitivity than that when only MNPs were used as solid carriers. Copyright © 2013 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
Yang H.,Nanjing Southeast University |
Liang W.,Jiangsu Province Blood Center |
He N.,Nanjing Southeast University |
Deng Y.,Nanjing Southeast University |
Li Z.,Nanjing Medical University
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2015
Previously, the unique advantages provided by chemiluminescence (CL) and magnetic particles (MPs) have resulted in the development of many useful nucleic acid detection methods. CL is highly sensitive, but when applied to MPs, its intensity is limited by the inner filter-like effect arising from excess dark MPs. Herein, we describe a modified strategy whereby CL labels are released from MPs to eliminate this negative effect. This approach relies on (1) the magnetic capture of target molecules on long spacer arm-functionalized magnetic particles (LSA-MPs), (2) the conjugation of streptavidin-alkaline phosphatase (SA-AP) to biotinylated amplicons of target pathogens, (3) the release of CL labels (specifically, AP tags), and (4) the detection of the released labels. CL labels were released from LSA-MPs through LSA ultrasonication or DNA enzymolysis, which proved to be the superior method. In contrast to conventional MPs, LSA-MPs exhibited significantly improved CL detection, because of the introduction of LSA, which was made of water-soluble carboxymethylated β-1,3-glucan. Detection of hepatitis B virus with this technique revealed a low detection limit of 50 fM, high selectivity, and excellent reproducibility. Thus, this approach may hold great potential for early stage clinical diagnosis of infectious diseases. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
PubMed | Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transfusion medicine (Oxford, England) | Year: 2015
The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism of the JK-null phenotype in the Chinese population.The Jk(a-b-) phenotype is vanishingly rare and the molecular basis differs between ethnic groups. The information regarding the molecular basis of JK-null alleles in the Chinese population is limited.Three unrelated Jk(a-b-) phenotype donors were selected from 52260 randomly blood samples through the urea lysis test and serological analysis. The JK gene-coding regions were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and the products were sequenced directly.Sequencing results revealed that one sample of JK(*) B alleles carried the well-known Polynesian Jk(a-b-) mutation IVS5-1g>a. Another null allele, also on the JK(*) B background, presented with two heterozygous missense mutation, including nt222C>A(Asn74Lys) in exon 5 and nt896G>A(Gly299Glu) in exon 9. The third null allele carried two heterozygous missense mutations, nt222C>A and a novel allele nt737T>G(Leu246Arg) in exon 8. The family investigation revealed that the proband was JK(*) A(737T>G)/JK(*) B(222C>A).The Jk(a-b-) phenotype in the Chinese population shows several different molecular mechanisms. A novel missense mutation nt737T>G of JK gene was found as associated with Jk(a-b-) phenotype.
PubMed | Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi | Year: 2015
To investigate the distribution of Colton, Diego, Kell and Yt rare blood groups in Chinese Nanjing Han population, so as to improve the transfusion capability of patients with rare blood group and to further enrich the rare-blood-donor bank.A total of 2 015 blood samples from the blood donors were selected randomly to screen the presence of K and Kp(c+) (Kell), Yt(b+) (Yt), Co(b+) (Colton), Di(a+b+) and Di(a+b-) (Digeo) antigen allele by using PCR and multiplex PCR.Out of 2005 samples, 1 case with K gene, 8 cases with Yt(b+) gene and 100 cases with Di(a+b+) gene, 2 cases with Di(a+b-) were identified, while no Kp(c+) and Co(b+) were detected.The frequencies of K, Yt(b+) and Di(a+), Di(b+) are 0.0003, 0.0013 and 0.0258, 0.9742, respectively. They are very rare blood groups in Chinese Nanjing Han population.
Specific-detection of clinical samples, systematic functional investigations, and transcriptome analysis reveals that splice variant MUC4/Y contributes to the malignant progression of pancreatic cancer by triggering malignancy-related positive feedback loops signaling
PubMed | Fudan University, Nanjing Medical University, Soochow University of China and Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Type: | Journal: Journal of translational medicine | Year: 2015
MUC4 plays important roles in the malignant progression of human pancreatic cancer. But the huge length of MUC4 gene fragment restricts its functional and mechanism research. As one of its splice variants, MUC4/Y with coding sequence is most similar to that of the full-length MUC4 (FL-MUC4), together with alternative splicing of the MUC4 transcript has been observed in pancreatic carcinomas but not in normal pancreas. So we speculated that MUC4/Y might be involved in malignant progression similarly to FL-MUC4, and as a research model of MUC4 in pancreatic cancer. The conjecture was confirmed in the present study.MUC4/Y expression was detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) using gene-specific probe in the clinic samples. The effects of MUC4/Y were observed by serial in vitro and in vivo experiments based on stable over-expressed cell model. The underlying mechanisms were investigated by sequence-based transcriptome analysis and verified by qRT-PCR, Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.The detection of clinical samples indicates that MUC4/Y is significantly positive-correlated with tumor invasion and distant metastases. Based on stable forced-expressed pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cell model, functional studies show that MUC4/Y enhances malignant activity in vitro and in vivo, including proliferation under low-nutritional-pressure, resistance to apoptosis, motility, invasiveness, angiogenesis, and distant metastasis. Mechanism studies indicate the novel finding that MUC4/Y triggers malignancy-related positive feedback loops for concomitantly up-regulating the expression of survival factors to resist adverse microenvironment and increasing the expression of an array of cytokines and adhesion molecules to affect the tumor milieu.In light of the enormity of the potential regulatory circuitry in cancer afforded by MUC4 and/or MUC4/Y, repressing MUC4 transcription, inhibiting post-transcriptional regulation, including alternative splicing, or blocking various pathways simultaneously may be helpful for controlling malignant progression. MUC4/Y- expression model is proven to a valuable tool for the further dissection of MUC4-mediated functions and mechanisms.
PubMed | The Second Hospital of Nanjing and Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Hepatitis monthly | Year: 2016
Hepatitis B infections, characterized by the presence of a viral genome without detectable hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg; Occult hepatitis B infection [OBI]), have been reported recently.We performed serological and molecular characterization of OBI among blood donors at Jiangsu province blood center during years 2013 and 2014.All donor samples were routinely screened by double enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Treponema pallidum (TP), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Single-reactive, nonreactive, and ALT-elevated samples were pooled or resolved by nucleic acid testing (NAT). Seromarkers were examined in HBsAg-/DNA+ samples. After 1 to 12 months of follow up, seromarkers were screened again to verify OBI samples.We studied 157119 samples from blood donors. A total of 154397 ELISA nonreactive donor samples were identified, and HBV DNA was detected in 81 samples; no samples were positive for HIV or HCV RNA. Hepatitis B virus viral loads in most donors were less than 20 - 200 IU/mL. There was only one HBsAg-positive sample. Eighty HBsAg-/DNA+ samples were evaluated further. Of these samples, 85% (68/80) were reactive for anti-HBc and 36.2% (29/800) were reactive for anti-HBc and anti-HBs; 11.3% (9/80) did not have any detectable serological markers. Twenty-nine donors were followed up. One was HBsAg ELISA positive, and of six seronegative donors, all had anti-HBc and anti-HBs, but were negative for DNA. Samples were HBV genotypes B, C and D. Mutations in the S region of HBV DNA included S114T, G119R, P120S, T125M, C139Y, T140I, C147W, T148A, A159V/G, E164D, V168A, and R169C.Overall, we found that OBI was rare, but that the prevalence of OBI was slightly higher in Jiangsu than in other areas of China.
PubMed | Peking Union Medical College, U.S. National Institutes of Health and Jiangsu Province Blood Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transfusion | Year: 2016
Human neutrophil antigen-3 (HNA-3) alloantibodies can cause fatal transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). Most frequencies of SLC44A2 alleles encoding the HNA-3a/b antigens have been established in Han individuals by polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific priming (PCR-SSP). We sequenced SLC44A2 gene fragments and determined allele frequencies in three ethnicities of China.Genomic DNA was extracted from 448 samples of 100 blood donors of Yi ethnicity in Xichang, Liangshan; 248 Han in Nanjing, Jiangsu; and 100 Tibetan in Lhasa, Tibet. A PCR-SSP was applied to determine the phase of two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs); SLC44A2 haplotypes were constructed.In the 567 nucleotides of the SLC44A2 gene covered by our sequencing approach in Han individuals, we detected the known 331-44G>A (rs12972963) and 461G>A (rs2288904) polymorphisms. In the 243 nucleotides sequenced in Yi and Tibetan populations, we detected the known 461G>A and 503-15T>C (rs1560711) polymorphisms. A PCR-SSP for the common HNA-3a/b SNP was 100% concordant. The frequencies of the HNA-3a allele were 0.58, 0.66, and 0.69 in Yi, Han (Nanjing), and Tibetan, respectively (0.42, 0.34, and 0.31 for HNA-3b).The Yi population of China had the highest frequency of blood donors at risk of harboring anti-HNA-3a compared to any population studied so far. We confirmed that the underlying SLC44A2*2 allele is more common in China than in any European or African populations.