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Zhu Z.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Luo Y.,Peking Union Medical College | Luo Y.,Jiangsu provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Skin Diseases and STIs | Yu J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 12 more authors.
Molecular Immunology | Year: 2016

Originally recognized as a regulator of axon guidance in the nervous system, Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D, CD100) also participates in various immune responses and many immune-related diseases. However, whether Sema4D is involved in the pathogenesis of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) remains unclear. In this study, we explored the role of Sema4D in oxazolone-induced CHS using Sema4D knockout (KO) mice. We found that Sema4D KO mice developed attenuated CHS responses, as indicated by milder ear-swelling, lower expression of IL-1β, IL-6, CXCL2 and CXCL5, and decreased recruitment of neutrophils, CD8+ T cells and CD4+ T cells. CHS was impaired in the wide type (WT) mice reconstituted with bone marrow from Sema4D KO mice, indicating that deletion of Sema4D gene in hematopoietic cells played a key role in the alleviated CHS in Sema4D KO mice. CHS was also attenuated in the WT mice transferred with draining lymph nodes (dLNs) cells from oxazolone-sensitized Sema4D KO mice, and the activation and differentiation of hapten-specific CD8+ T cells were impaired in Sema4D KO mice. Furthermore, Sema4D KO mice expressed less IL-1β and CXCL2 than WT mice after oxazolone sensitization, and after transferred with dLNs cells from oxazolone-sensitized WT mice, naïve Sema4D KO mice showed attenuated CHS responses upon oxazolone challenge, indicating that the innate immune response of CHS in Sema4D KO mice was also abrogated. Taken together, our findings revealed for the first time that Sema4D positively regulated both the adaptive and innate immune responses in CHS. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Zhang J.-A.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhou B.-R.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhou B.-R.,Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Skin Diseases and STIs | Xu Y.,Nanjing Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Autophagy is a cellular catabolic mechanism that is activated in response to stress conditions, including ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, starvation, and misfolded protein accumulation. Abnormalities in autophagy are associated with several pathologies, including aging and cancer. Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are potent modulators of the autophagy pathway. As a result, the current study aims to elucidate the role of the autophagyrelated miRNA miR-23ain the process of photoaging. Experiments demonstrated that the antagomir-mediated inactivation of miR-23a resulted in the stimulation of PUVA- and UVB-depressed autophagy flux and protected human fibroblasts from premature senescence. Furthermore, AMBRA1 was identified as a miR-23a target. AMBRA1 cellular levels increased following the introduction of miR-23a antagomirs. And a bioinformatics analysis revealed that the AMBRA1 3' UTR contains functional miR-23a responsive sequences. Finally, it was also demonstrated that both AMBRA1 overexpression and Rapamycin treatment were both able to rescue fibroblasts from PUVA and UVB irradiation-induced autophagy inhibition, but that these effects could also be mitigated by miR-23a overexpression. Therefore, this study concludes that miR-23a-regulated autophagy is a novel and important regulator of ultraviolet-induced premature senescence and AMBRA1 is a rate-limiting miRNA target in this pathway.


PubMed | Nanjing Medical University and Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Skin Diseases and STIs
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Autophagy is a cellular catabolic mechanism that is activated in response to stress conditions, including ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, starvation, and misfolded protein accumulation. Abnormalities in autophagy are associated with several pathologies, including aging and cancer. Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are potent modulators of the autophagy pathway. As a result, the current study aims to elucidate the role of the autophagy-related miRNA miR-23ain the process of photoaging. Experiments demonstrated that the antagomir-mediated inactivation of miR-23a resulted in the stimulation of PUVA- and UVB-depressed autophagy flux and protected human fibroblasts from premature senescence. Furthermore, AMBRA1 was identified as a miR-23a target. AMBRA1 cellular levels increased following the introduction of miR-23a antagomirs. And a bioinformatics analysis revealed that the AMBRA1 3 UTR contains functional miR-23a responsive sequences. Finally, it was also demonstrated that both AMBRA1 overexpression and Rapamycin treatment were both able to rescue fibroblasts from PUVA and UVB irradiation-induced autophagy inhibition, but that these effects could also be mitigated by miR-23a overexpression. Therefore, this study concludes that miR-23a-regulated autophagy is a novel and important regulator of ultraviolet-induced premature senescence and AMBRA1 is a rate-limiting miRNA target in this pathway.

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