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Zhang Y.,Nanjing Normal University | Phillips P.,Shepherd University | Wang S.,Nanjing Normal University | Ji G.,Nanjing Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Expert Systems | Year: 2016

Accurate fruit classification is difficult to accomplish because of the similarities among the various categories. In this paper, we proposed a novel fruit-classification system, with the goal of recognizing fruits in a more efficient way. Our methodology included the following steps. First, a four-step pre-processing was employed. Second, the features (colour, shape, and texture) were extracted. Third, we utilized principal component analysis to remove excessive features. Fourth, a novel fruit-classification system based on biogeography-based optimization (BBO) and feedforward neural network (FNN) was proposed, with the short name of BBO-FNN. The experiment employed over 1653 chromatic fruit images (18 categories) by fivefold stratified cross-validation. The results showed that the proposed BBO-FNN yielded an overall accuracy of 89.11%, which was higher than the five state-of-the-art methods: genetic algorithm-FNN, artificial bee colony-FNN, particle swarm optimization-FNN, kernel support vector machine, and ant colony optimization-FNN. Also, the BBO-FNN achieved the same accuracy as fitness-scaling chaotic artificial bee colony-FNN, but it performed much faster than the latter. The proposed BBO-FNN was effective in fruit-classification in terms of classification accuracy and computation time. This indicated that it can be applied in credible use. © 2016 Wiley Publishing Ltd.

PubMed | Columbia University, Shepherd University, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of 3D Printing Equipment and Manufacturing Nanjing and Nanjing Normal University
Type: | Journal: Frontiers in computational neuroscience | Year: 2015

Early diagnosis or detection of Alzheimers disease (AD) from the normal elder control (NC) is very important. However, the computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) was not widely used, and the classification performance did not reach the standard of practical use. We proposed a novel CAD system for MR brain images based on eigenbrains and machine learning with two goals: accurate detection of both AD subjects and AD-related brain regions.First, we used maximum inter-class variance (ICV) to select key slices from 3D volumetric data. Second, we generated an eigenbrain set for each subject. Third, the most important eigenbrain (MIE) was obtained by Welchs t-test (WTT). Finally, kernel support-vector-machines with different kernels that were trained by particle swarm optimization, were used to make an accurate prediction of AD subjects. Coefficients of MIE with values higher than 0.98 quantile were highlighted to obtain the discriminant regions that distinguish AD from NC.The experiments showed that the proposed method can predict AD subjects with a competitive performance with existing methods, especially the accuracy of the polynomial kernel (92.36 0.94) was better than the linear kernel of 91.47 1.02 and the radial basis function (RBF) kernel of 86.71 1.93. The proposed eigenbrain-based CAD system detected 30 AD-related brain regions (Anterior Cingulate, Caudate Nucleus, Cerebellum, Cingulate Gyrus, Claustrum, Inferior Frontal Gyrus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Insula, Lateral Ventricle, Lentiform Nucleus, Lingual Gyrus, Medial Frontal Gyrus, Middle Frontal Gyrus, Middle Occipital Gyrus, Middle Temporal Gyrus, Paracentral Lobule, Parahippocampal Gyrus, Postcentral Gyrus, Posterial Cingulate, Precentral Gyrus, Precuneus, Subcallosal Gyrus, Sub-Gyral, Superior Frontal Gyrus, Superior Parietal Lobule, Superior Temporal Gyrus, Supramarginal Gyrus, Thalamus, Transverse Temporal Gyrus, and Uncus). The results were coherent with existing literatures.The eigenbrain method was effective in AD subject prediction and discriminant brain-region detection in MRI scanning.

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