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Lin M.,Taizhou University | Lin M.,Nanjing Southeast University | Huang J.,Taizhou University | Zhang D.,Nanjing Southeast University | And 7 more authors.
Analytical Cellular Pathology | Year: 2016

An effective strategy has been developed for synthesis of radionuclide immune albumin nanospheres (131I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV-BSA-NPs). In vitro as well as in vivo targeting of 131I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV-BSA-NPs to AFP-positive hepatoma was examined. In cultured HepG2 cells, the uptake and retention rates of 131I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV-BSA-NPs were remarkably higher than those of 131I alone. As well, the uptake rate and retention ratios of 131I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV-BSA-NPs in AFP-positive HepG2 cells were also significantly higher than those in AFP-negative HEK293 cells. Compared to 131I alone, 131I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV-BSA-NPs were much more easily taken in and retained by hepatoma tissue, with a much higher T/NT. Due to good drug-loading, high encapsulation ratio, and highly selective affinity for AFP-positive tumors, the 131I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV-BSA-NPs are promising for further effective radiation-gene therapy of hepatoma. Copyright © 2016 Mei Lin et al. Source


Lin M.,Nanjing Southeast University | Lin M.,Taizhou University | Huang J.,Taizhou University | Zhang J.,Nanjing Southeast University | And 10 more authors.
Nanoscale | Year: 2013

Comprehensive therapy based on the integration of hyperthermia, radiation, gene therapy and chemotherapy is a promising area of study in cancer treatment. Using PEI-Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles (PEI-MZF-NPs) as a gene transfer vector, the authors transfected self-prepared pEgr1-HSV-TK into HepG2 cells and measured the expression of the exogenous gene HSV-TK by RT-PCR. The results showed that HSV-TK was successfully transfected into HepG2 cells and the expression levels of HSV-TK remained stable. Besides, PEI-MZF-NPs were used as magnetic media for thermotherapy to treat hepatoma by magnet-induced heating, combined with radiation-gene therapy. Both in vitro and in vivo results suggest that this combined treatment with gene, radiation and heating has a better therapeutic effect than any of them alone. The apoptotic rate and necrotic rate of the combined treatment group was 51.84% and 15.45%, respectively. In contrast, it was only 20.55% and 6.80% in the radiation-gene group, 7.49% and 3.62% in the radiation-alone group, 15.23% and 7.90% in the heating-alone group, and only 3.52% and 2.16% in the blank control group. The inhibition rate of cell proliferation (88.5%) of the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that of the radiation-gene group (59.5%), radiation-alone group (37.6%) and heating-alone group (60.6%). The tumor volume and mass inhibition rate of the combined treatment group was 94.45% and 93.38%, respectively, significantly higher than 41.28% and 33.58% of the radiation-alone group, 60.76% and 52.18% of the radiation-gene group, 79.91% and 77.40% of the heating-alone group. It is therefore concluded that this combined application of heating, radiation and gene therapy has a good synergistic and complementary effect and PEI-MZF-NPs can act as a novel non-viral gene vector and magnetic induction medium, which offers a viable approach for the treatment of cancer. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source


Yuan C.,Nanjing Southeast University | Wang L.,Nanjing Southeast University | An Y.,Nanjing Southeast University | Wu G.,Nanjing Southeast University | And 2 more authors.
RSC Advances | Year: 2015

Chitosan encapsulated quantum dots (CS-Qdots) exhibit fascinating optical properties and can efficiently deliver genes into cells in a visualized process. By using CS-Qdots as gene carriers, specific hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) expressed firefly luciferase genes (p[HRE]AFP-luc) were transfected into HCC cells for hepatoma bioluminescence imaging. The results obtained in this study show that nanocarrier CS-Qdots can be excited by the luciferase coded in the genes delivered into the cells. The maximum emission wavelength of the bioluminescence red-shifted from 560 nm to 630 nm. The excitation of CS-Qdots by bioluminescence occurs at the macroscopic scale and is independent of covalent bond. The luciferase gene-loaded CS-Qdots can act as wavelength-tunable self-illuminating probes thus holding potential for improved tumor optical molecular imaging. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Source


Yuan C.,Nanjing Southeast University | An Y.,Nanjing Southeast University | Zhang J.,Nanjing Southeast University | Li H.,Nanjing Southeast University | And 4 more authors.
Nanotechnology | Year: 2014

Gene therapy holds great promise for treating cancers, but their clinical applications are being hampered due to uncontrolled gene delivery and expression. To develop a targeted, safe and efficient tumor therapy system, we constructed a tissue-specific suicide gene delivery system by using magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as carriers for the combination of gene therapy and hyperthermia on hepatoma. The suicide gene was hepatoma-targeted and hypoxia-enhanced, and the MNPs possessed the ability to elevate temperature to the effective range for tumor hyperthermia as imposed on an alternating magnetic field (AMF). The tumoricidal effects of targeted gene therapy associated with hyperthermia were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The experiment demonstrated that hyperthermia combined with a targeted gene therapy system proffer an effective tool for tumor therapy with high selectivity and the synergistic effect of hepatoma suppression. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source


Lin M.,Taizhou University | Lin M.,Nanjing Southeast University | Zhang D.,Nanjing Southeast University | Zhang D.,Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices | And 6 more authors.
Nanotechnology | Year: 2013

Joint therapy is a promising area of study in cancer treatment. In this paper, we prepared Mn-Zn ferrite (Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4) magnetofluid using PEI as a surfactant, and investigated the anticancer effect of Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) combined with radiotherapy on hepatocellular carcinoma. Both in vitro and in vivo results suggest that this combined treatment with MFH and radiation has a better therapeutic effect than either of them alone. The apoptotic rate and necrotic rate of the combined treatment group was 38.80 and 25.20%, respectively. In contrast, it was only 7.49 and 3.62% in the radiation-alone group, 15.23 and 7.90% in the MFH-alone group, only 3.52 and 2.16% in the blank control group, and 23.56 and 27.56% in the adriamycin group. The cell proliferation inhibition rate of the combined treatment group (88.5%) was significantly higher than that of the radiation-alone group (37.5%), MFH-alone group (60.6%) and adriamycin group (70.6%). The tumor volume inhibition and mass inhibition rate of the combined treatment group was 87.62 and 88.62%, respectively, obviously higher than the 41.04 and 34.20% of the radiation-alone group, 79.87 and 77.92% of the MFH-alone group and 71.76 and 66.87% of the adriamycin group. It is therefore concluded that this combined application of MFH and radiation can give good synergistic and complementary effects, which offers a viable approach for treatment of cancer. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

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