Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research

Nanjing, China

Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research

Nanjing, China
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Xu X.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Wang Y.,Nanjing Medical University | Guo W.,Nanjing University | Zhou Y.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Ovarian Research | Year: 2013

Background: Oxidative damage and DNA repair dysfunction are associated with carcinogenesis. 8-OHdG is one of the major oxidative DNA adducts. Present work aims to investigate whether the expression of 8-OHdG and its key repair gene hOGG1 play distinctive role in two types of serous ovarian cancer. Materials and methods. 8-OHdG level in DNA from tumor and matched tumor-adjacent normal tissue in 48 high-grade papillary serous carcinomas (HG-SOC), 24 low-grade papillary serous carcinomas (LG-SOC), 20 serous cystadenomas, and 16 non-tumor control ovaries was tested. The Cox proportional hazards model and the log-rank test were used to assess the associations between the 8-OHdG level in two types of serous cancer and patients' survival. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and protein immunoblot were employed to detect hOGG1 mRNA and protein levels in tumor and adjacent normal tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of hOGG1 and p53. Results: There was no difference of average 8-OHdG/10§ssup§6§esup§dG DNA level either between HG-SOC (27.8 ± 8.9), LG-SOC (25.2 ± 7.4) and benign serous cystadenoma (26.5 ± 7.7, p = 0.35); or between the tumor-adjacent normal tissue of HG-SOC (18.8 ± 5.2), LG-SOC (21.4 ± 6.5), benign serous cystadenoma (20.5 ± 9.1) and non-tumor ovary (21.6 ± 4.9, p = 0.62). The 8-OHdG/10§ssup§6§esup§dG level was significantly higher in tumor comparing to that in matched normal tissue adjacent to carcinoma in HG-SOC (1.52 ± 0.52, p = 0.02), but not in LG-SOC or benign serous cystadenoma. Increased level of 8-OHdG in tumor DNA was an independent factor of overall survival in serous ovarian carcinoma upon multivariate analysis (p < 0.01). Increased level of 8-OHdG in tumor DNA indicates poorer overall and progression-free survival durations than counterparts (47.3 vs 105.7 months and 13.5 vs 45.3 months, respectively). Protein levels of hOGG1 were remarkably decreased in HG-SOC (p < 0.01), but not in LG-SOC and serous cystadenoma compared with the tissue adjacent to carcinoma. A positive result on p53 immunostaining was associated with lower hOGG1 expression in HG-SOC (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Increased 8-OHdG level and decreased expression of hOGG1 in tumor were found in HG-SOC but not LG-SOC. Increased 8-OHdG level in tumor DNA was significantly associated with poorer overall survival and progression-free survival in serous ovarian carcinoma. © 2013 Xu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Zhang Y.,Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine | Hu M.,Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine | Ma H.,Guangzhou Medical College | Qu J.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | And 6 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2012

Objective: To demonstrate whether leptin modulates reproduction by a direct effect within the ovary. Design: Animal model. Setting: National Key Laboratory of Infertility. Animal(s): Adult female db/db mice. Intervention(s): Adult littermate wild-type (WT) and diabetic (db) leptin receptor (LR) mutant female mice were matched for the allograft of the ovary to construct new genotypic models, respectively. WT mouse received only one ovary from a WT or a db/db mouse (WT Ov-WT, WT Ov-db), and db/db mouse received one ovary from a WT or a db/db mouse (db Ov-WT, db Ov-db). WT and db/db mice received one ovary from a WT mouse and another ovary from a db/db mouse (WT Ov-WT/db, db Ov-WT/db) or received two ovaries all from a WT mouse (db Ov-WT/WT). Main Outcome Measure(s): Hormones, lipids, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Result(s): Both WT Ov-WT and WT Ov-db mice presented normal cycles, comparable serum E2 and FSH levels, and ovarian expressions of the Star, Cyp17, and Cyp19 mRNA, even with different ovary genotypes. In WT Ov-WT/db with hMG stimulation, db ovaries with LR mutation expressed higher Star, Cyp17, Cyp19, Jak2, Stat3, and Pias3 mRNA than in the basal state, whereas WT ovaries with intact LR expressed higher Star, Cyp17, and Cyp19 but divergently lower Jak2, Stat3, and Pias3 levels. Conclusion(s): We confirmed that impairment of reproduction in intact db/db mice is not mediated by intraovary intact/defective leptin signaling even in face of a divergent modulation by gonadotropins. © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.

Wang K.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Fan H.,Jiangsu Research Institute of Geriatrics | Chen Q.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Ma G.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | And 4 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Drugs | Year: 2015

Curcumin, the major pigment of the dietary spice turmeric, has the potential for chemoprevention by promotion of apoptosis. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of curcumin in glycolytic inhibition and apoptotic induction in human colorectal cancer HCT116 and HT29 cells. On the one hand, curcumin downregulated the expression and activity of hexokinase II (HKII) in HCT116 and HT29 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, but had little effect on the other key glycolytic enzymes (PFK, PGM, and LDH). On the other, curcumin induced dissociation of HKII from the mitochondria, resulting in mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of mitochondrial HKII through AKT was responsible for the curcumin-induced dissociation of HKII, which was different from the mechanism of HKII inhibitor 3-BrPA. These results have important implications for the metabolism reprogramming effect and the susceptibility to curcumin-induced mitochondrial cytotoxicity through the regulation of HKII, and provide a molecular basis for the development of naturally compounds as novel anticancer agents for colorectal carcinoma. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Chen X.,Nanjing University | Chen X.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Liu X.,Nanjing University | Wang J.,Nanjing University | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer | Year: 2011

Objective: 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is an oxidized nucleoside that can lead to misincorporation of bases. Human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1) is the key defense enzyme against mutation by the cellular 8-OHdG in duplex DNA. The present study was aimed to explore whether the hOGG1 gene variants play an important role in the carcinogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods: Germ line variants in 5′-untranslated region (c.-18G>T, c.-23A>G, c.-45G>A, and c.-53G>C) and c.977C>G (Ser326Cys) polymorphism in exon7 of the hOGG1 gene in 420 sporadic EOCs and 840 controls were detected. Immunohistochemical and promoter luciferase activity assays were used to explore the effect of c.-18G>T variant on hOGG1 expression. Results: In contrast to type I EOC cases, patients with type II EOC were usually older, already in the advanced stage, and exhibited a common protein 53 (p53) overexpression. The frequencies of genotypes c.-18G/T and c.977G/G in hOGG1 were significantly high in the patients with type II EOC (odds ratio, 2.83; 95% confidence interval, 1.45Y5.52; odds ratio, 1.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.26Y2.17) but not in the patients with type I EOC. The average level of hOGG1 protein in the normal tissues adjacent to the type II EOCcarried c.-18G/Twas lower than that with c.-18G/G (P = 0.01). The luciferase activity in the c.-18T allele was lower than that in the c.-18G allele (P = 0.001). Conclusion: The genotypes of c.-18G/T in 5′-untranslated region and c.977G/G in exon7 of the hOGG1 gene would confer risk to type II EOC. Copyright © 2011 by IGCS and ESGO.

Chen X.,Nanjing University | Chen X.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Wang J.,Nanjing University | Guo W.,Nanjing University | And 5 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanine (8-OHdG) is produced by the oxidative stress-induced damage in DNA, which could pair with adenine (A) during DNA replication, leading to G-T transversion mutations. Glycosylase hOGG1 can recognize and excise oxidized guanines from duplex DNA. This work aims to investigate the relationship between the functional variations in 5-untranslated region (5'-UTR) of hOGG1 gene and the risk of breast cancer. Genotypes were analyzed in 518 sporadic breast cancer patients and 777 health controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by logistic regression. Risk-stratified subgroup analysis was performed to reveal the associations between the detected variations and the risk of characteristic breast cancer. In addition, immunohistochemistry was carried out to assess the functional effect of these variations on hOGG1gene expression. Five variations in 5'-UTR of hOGG1 gene are found in this study. Three of them, c.-18G>T, c.-23A>G, and c.-53G>C, are known single nucleotide polymorphisms, the other two, c.-45G>A and c.-63G>C, are rare variations. The frequency of c.-18G/T and c.-53G/C was significantly higher in breast cancer patients than those in healthy controls (P = 0.03, OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.04-3.90; and P = 0.01, OR 2.43, 95% CI 1.17-5.04, respectively). Both variations were especially prevalent in premenopausal status, and in the triple (estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor Receptor 2) negative subgroups, respectively. Moreover, the variation of c.-18G>T could cause a reduced expression of hOGG1 gene. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Xu B.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang Z.-P.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang Y.-J.,Nanjing Medical University | Lu P.-H.,Nanjing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Drug and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2013

Opioid analgesics are the most common therapeutic analgesic for acute pain. In this study, the toxicological and pharmacological features of a group of opioid analgesics were characterized by the motility of human sperm. Aliquots of sperm were incubated with various concentrations of opioid analgesics in vitro. Computer-assisted sperm analysis was used to assess sperm motility at 15 minutes, 2 hours, and 4 hours after drug addition to the medium. Butorphanol and dezocine showed marked reduction of motility after incubation with sperm for 15 minutes. Butorphanol was more effective than dezocine in immobilizing sperm. Other opioids studied, such as fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil, showed only partial inhibitory activity. Based on the data reported herein, we have found that butorphanol and dezocine exert a sperm-immobilizing effect. However, fentanyl, alfentanil, and sufentanil exhibit only partial inhibition of sperm motility. Given the increasing use of opioids and their potential effect on sperm motility, these findings are greatly relevant to male reproductive health. © 2013 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Zhu M.,Nanjing University | Zhu M.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Chen H.-M.,Nanjing University | Wang Y.-P.,Nanjing University
Oncology Letters | Year: 2013

The MLH1 and MSH2 genes in DNA mismatch repair are important in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal cancer. Recent studies of normal and alternative splicing suggest that the deleterious effects of missense mutations may in fact be splicing-related when they are located in exonic splicing enhancers (ESEs) or exonic splicing silencers (ESSs). In this study, we used ESE-finder and FAS-ESS software to analyze the potential ESE/ESS motifs of the 114 missense mutations detected in the two genes in East Asian gastrointestinal cancer patients. In addition, we used the SIFT tool to functionally analyze these mutations. The amount of the ESE losses (68) was 51.1% higher than the ESE gains (45) of all the mutations. However, the amount of the ESS gains (27) was 107.7% higher than the ESS losses (13). In total, 56 (49.1%) mutations possessed a potential exonic splicing regulator (ESR) error. Eighty-one mutations (71.1%) were predicted to be deleterious with a lower tolerance index as detected by the Sorting Intolerant from Tolerant (SIFT) tool. Among these, 38 (33.3%) mutations were predicted to be functionally deleterious and possess one potential ESR error, while 18 (15.8%) mutations were predicted to be functionally deleterious and exhibit two potential ESR errors. These may be more likely to affect exon splicing. Our results indicated that there is a strong correlation between missense mutations in MLH1 and MSH2 genes detected in East Asian gastrointestinal cancer patients and ESR motifs. In order to correctly understand the molecular nature of mutations, splicing patterns should be compared between wild-type and mutant samples.

You S.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhou J.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Chen S.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | Zhou P.,Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research | And 3 more authors.
Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2010

Background. Approximately 90% of colorectal cancer (CRC) deaths arise from the metastatic dissemination of primary tumors. It is difficult to predict metastasis of colorectal cancer, especially for patients with the same pathological subtype and differentiation. Aims. To identify biomarkers for predicting CRC metastasis. Patients and methods. We collected 19 primary tumors of CRC with identical pathological subtype, differentiation, and comparable Dukes' stages from patients with matched age and gender but completely different prognosis. Patients were divided into one high-risk and one low-risk group for metastasis. The expression levels of SHH, PTCH1, and sFRP1, which are components of the Hedgehog signaling pathway, were determined by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). To investigate further the correlation between expression level of PTCH1 and metastatic potential of CRC cells, we compared the mRNA and protein levels of the PTCH1 gene in LoVo cells with high metastatic potential and in HT-29, SW480, and SW620 cells with low metastatic potential by RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Results. We found that tumor tissues in the high-risk group for metastasis expressed lower levels of PTCH1 mRNA than did those in the low-risk group. Similarly, mRNA and protein levels of PTCH1 were inversely correlated with the metastatic potential of CRC cell lines. Expression levels of SHH and sFRP1 genes did not differ between the two groups. Conclusion. Our data suggest that PTCH1 might be a potential biomarker that could discriminate CRC with high from that with low metastatic risk. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.

PubMed | Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP | Year: 2012

Curcumin is a major active component of Curcuma aromatica salisb, which has been shown to inhibit proliferation of a wide variety of tumor cells. In this study, the molecular mechanisms of curcumin inducing apoptosis in human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells were examined. We find that curcumin inhibits the growth of SMMC-7721 cells significantly in a concentration-depenent manner, with typical apoptotic morphological changes of cellular nuclei. Annexin-V/PI double staining detected by flow cytometry and expression of the relative apoptotic proteins (Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3) revealed a strong apoptosis-inducing competent of curcumin in SMMC-7721 cells. Curcumin increased the expression of bax protein while decreasing that of bc1-2 protein significantly. The results suggest that curcumin induction of apoptosis involves modulation of bax/bcl-2 in SMMC-7721 cells and provide a molecular basis for the development of naturally compounds as novel anticancer agents for human hepatomas.

PubMed | Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia & lymphoma | Year: 2012

Aberrant activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway may predispose to leukemia due to deregulation of proliferation, differentiation or apoptosis. This study was conducted to investigate whether any association exists between genetic polymorphisms in the JAK2, STAT3 and STAT5 genes and individual susceptibility to leukemia. A case-control study was carried out using a Chinese sample set with 344 cases of leukemia and 346 controls matched by age and ethnicity. Genomic DNA was assayed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) on 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Genotype analyses showed that two SNPs, namely rs17886724 and rs2293157 located in STAT3 and STAT5, respectively, were significantly associated with leukemia (p < 0.05 for all). Interaction analyses of SNPs (rs17886724|rs2293157; rs11079041| rs2293157) showed that there were inferior associations in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) compared to the control group (0.1 > p > 0.05). Linkage disequilibrium existed between rs11079041 and rs2293157 in both leukemia and control groups (r(2) = 0.7). The haplotypes displayed significant association between rs11079041 and rs2293157 in both leukemia and control groups (p < 0.05). The accuracy rate of the support vector machine (SVM) classification model in making a prediction of leukemia was 97%. The results indicated that STAT3 and STAT5 gene SNPs may be prognostic of leukemia.

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