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Cheng X.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology | Gao F.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology | Xiang J.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology | Jiang X.,Nanjing University | And 5 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Drugs | Year: 2011

Galactosyl-terminated drug carriers are known to enhance drug accumulation in the liver, while possible accompanying hepatic toxicity is usually not clarified. This study developed a galactosyl-α,β-poly[(2- hydroxyethyl)-L-aspartamide]-doxorubicin conjugate (Gal-PHEA-DOX) and investigated its therapeutic efficacy and safety in orthotopic hepatocellular carcinoma-bearing mice. Gal-PHEA-DOX had a galactosylation degree of 7.5 mol% and a DOX content of 8.9 wt%. A biodistribution study showed that Gal-PHEA-DOX sustainedly circulated in the plasma and highly accumulated in hepatocarcinoma. Free drug liberated from Gal-PHEA-DOX was relatively low in the liver and heart as compared with that of the DOX administration. The Gal-PHEA-DOX conjugate showed superior cytotoxicity against the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 as compared with the nongalactosylated PHEA-DOX conjugate. Gal-PHEA-DOX exhibited comparable antitumor activity with PHEA-DOX in the S180-bearing mice, but more effective than PHEA-DOX or DOX in the Heps-bearing mice with negligible detrimental effect in the liver remnant. A systemic toxicity study showed that this conjugate did not show either cytotoxicity or hepatotoxicity at a relatively high dose, which would be harmful for free DOX. These results suggest that the Gal-PHEA-DOX conjugate has great potential for use in hepatocellular carcinoma chemotherapy because of its enhanced antitumor effect with reduced systemic toxicity including hepatotoxicity. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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