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Wang Y.-X.,China University of Mining and Technology | Wang Y.-X.,Chuzhou University | Wu J.,Chuzhou University | Zhou L.-G.,Chuzhou University | And 4 more authors.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis | Year: 2015

Mineral particle size is an important factor affecting mineral spectrum characteristics, so to explore the changes of the mineral spectrum curves under different particle sizes and the spectrum difference of different minerals under the same particle size are the keys of hyperspectral remote sensing information mineral identification and the theoretical basis of research on spectral differences of different particle sizes. Six kinds of collected minerals were observed by spectrometer to get the reflectivity spectrum curve and first order differential spectral curve under different particle sizes, and the spectral characteristics of various kinds of minerals under different particle sizes were analyzed. At the same time, spectrum difference of different mineral under the same particle size was compared to explore possible wavelengths of hyperspectral remote sensing mineral identify. Results show that the spectrum curves of various minerals have a larger difference with the change of the particle size, but change law is not the same. The whole spectrum curve of hypersthene will be decreased with the increase of particle size, and the spectrum curve at a specific wavelength range of antigorite, hematite, kaolinite and chlorite will be decreased with the increase of particle size, and there is no direct correlation between the spectrum of olivine and the particle size. Under the same size, different mineral spectral reflectance change a lot in most band range and it provides the possibility for high precision identification of mineral. Antigorite, kaolinite and chlorite all have more absorption peaks of narrow width and smaller intensity than the other minerals. Spectrum curves of hematite, olivine and hypersthene are relatively smooth, and the number of the absorption and reflection peaks is relatively small. This study aims at providing basic data and theoretical support for mineral spectral library construction and mineral hyperspectral identification technology. ©, 2015, Science Press. All right reserved. Source

Xiao L.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | Yang X.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | Yang X.,Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development | Cai H.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research
Water (Switzerland) | Year: 2016

Ascertaining the relationships between sediment transport processes and vegetation cover is essential for watershed soil and water conservation. However, it is not easy to realize this target on a large scale. In this study, the location-weighted landscape contrast index (LCI) based on the "source-sink" theory of ecological processes was introduced to unravel the response of sediment yield to vegetation cover changes in the Poyang Lake drainage area (the largest freshwater lake in China). A modified location-weighted landscape contrast index (mLCI) was proposed to improve the accuracy and efficiency of the LCI. The average vegetation fraction of the study area significantly increased from 46.2% in Period I (1992-1994) to 76.5% in Period II (2004-2006) and then slightly decreased to 73.2% in Period III (2011-2013). From Period I to Period II, the area-specific sediment yield (ASY) sharply decreased by 55%. In Period II, the "source" vegetation patches were found further away from the water bodies, and were more likely to be located on gentler slopes than in Period I. From Period II to Period III, the ASY sharply increased by 83%. In Period III, "source" patches were found closer to the water bodies than in Period II, whereas the "sink" patches were found further away from the water bodies. The high statistical correlation between LCIs/mLCIs and ASY indicated a sensitive response of the sediment yield to vegetation cover changes that significantly altered the sediment transport processes in the study area. The ASY was better correlated with the mLCI than with the LCI. Three key harnessing sub-watersheds of the Ganjiang watershed were identified by calculating the mLCIs: Qingfengshan, Yuanhe, and Jinjiang. This study supported watershed ecological management in the Poyang Lake drainage area and provided a methodology reference for future sediment transport process studies. © 2016 by the authors. Source

Wang X.,Nanjing Normal University | Wang X.,Linyi Normal University | Han C.,Nanjing Normal University | Han C.,Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development | And 9 more authors.
Soil Biology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015

The effects of long-term fertilization of acidic soils on ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and bacteria (AOB) communities and its ecological implications remain poorly understood. We chose an acidic upland soil site under long-term (27-year) fertilization to investigate ammonia oxidizer communities under four different regimes: mineral N fertilizer (N), mineral NPK fertilizer (NPK), organic manure (OM) and an unfertilized control (CK). Soil net nitrification rates were significantly higher in OM soils than in CK, N or NPK soils. Quantitative analysis of the distribution of amoA genes by DNA-based stable isotope probing revealed that AOA dominate in CK, N and NPK soils, while AOB dominate in OM soils. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and clone library analyses of amoA genes revealed that Group 1.1a-associated AOA (also referred to as Nitrosotalea) were the most dominant active AOA population (>92%), while Nitrosospira Cluster 3 and Cluster 9 were predominant among active AOB communities. The functional diversity of active ammonia oxidizers in acidic soils is affected by long-term fertilization practices, and the responses of active ammonia oxidizers to mineral fertilizer and organic manure are clearly different. Our results provide strong evidence that AOA are more highly adapted to growth at low pH and low substrate availability than AOB, and they suggest that the niche differentiation and metabolic diversity of ammonia oxidizers in acidic soils are more complex than previously thought. © 2015. Source

Lyu H.,Nanjing Normal University | Lyu H.,Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development | Li X.,Chongqing Institute of Surveying and Planning for Land Resources and Housing | Wang Y.,Nanjing Normal University | And 5 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2015

Fourteen field campaigns were conducted in five inland lakes during different seasons between 2006 and 2013, and a total of 398 water samples with varying optical characteristics were collected. The characteristics were analyzed based on remote sensing reflectance, and an automatic cluster two-step method was applied for water classification. The inland waters could be clustered into three types, which we labeled water types I, II and III. From water types I to III, the effect of the phytoplankton on the optical characteristics gradually decreased. Four chlorophyll-a retrieval algorithms for Case II water, a two-band, three-band, four-band and SCI (Synthetic Chlorophyll Index) algorithm were evaluated for three water types based on the MERIS bands. Different MERIS bands were used for the three water types in each of the four algorithms. The four algorithms had different levels of retrieval accuracy for each water type, and no single algorithm could be successfully applied to all water types. For water types I and III, the three-band algorithm performed the best, while the four-band algorithm had the highest retrieval accuracy for water type II. However, the three-band algorithm is preferable to the two-band algorithm for turbid eutrophic inland waters. The SCI algorithm is recommended for highly turbid water with a higher concentration of total suspended solids. Our research indicates that the chlorophyll-a concentration retrieval by remote sensing for optically contrasted inland water requires a specific algorithm that is based on the optical characteristics of inland water bodies to obtain higher estimation accuracy. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.. Source

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