Hu B.-S.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
Tan J.-W.,Peoples Hospital of Jiangsu Province |
Zhu G.-H.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
Wang D.-F.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
And 2 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2012
AIM: To investigate the effects of the WWOX gene on the human hepatic carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721. METHODS: Full-length WWOX cDNA was amplified from normal human liver tissues. Full-length cDNA was subcloned into pEGFP-N1, a eukaryotic expression vector. After introduction of the WWOX gene into cancer cells using liposomes, the WWOX protein level in the cells was detected through Western blotting. Cell growth rates were assessed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) and colony formation assays. Cell cycle progression and cell apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry. The phosphorylated protein kinase B (AKT) and activated fragments of caspase-9 and caspase-3 were examined by Western blotting analysis. RESULTS: WWOX significantly inhibited cell proliferation, as evaluated by the MTT and colony formation assays. Cells transfected with WWOX showed significantly higher apoptosis ratios when compared with cells transfected with a mock plasmid, and overexpression of WWOX delayed cell cycle progression from G1 to S phase, as measured by flow cytometry. An increase in apoptosis was also indicated by a remarkable activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 and a dephosphorylation of AKT (Thr308 and Ser473) measured with Western blotting analysis. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of WWOX induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation of the human hepatic carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721. © 2012 Baishideng. All rights reserved. Source
Wu H.-X.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
Zhang B.-J.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
Wang J.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
Zhu B.-L.,Jiang Yuan Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine |
And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013
Background: To evaluate the diagnostic utility of conventional ultrasonography and real time ultrasound elastography in differentiating degenerating cystic thyroid nodules mimicking malignancy from papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed conventional ultrasonographic and elastographic characteristics of 19 degenerating cystic thyroid nodules mimicking malignancy in 19 patients, with 30 surgically confirmed PTCs as controls. Based on size, the nodules had been grouped into less than 10mm (group A) and greater than 10 mm (group B). We evaluated conventional parameters and elasticity pattern. Color-scaled elastograms were graded as to stiffness of nodules using an elasticity pattern from I (soft) to IV (stiff). Results: Degenerating cystic thyroid nodules were similar to PTCs in conventional ultrasonographic findings, but the former frequently showed oval to round in shape (group A, 69.2% vs 18.8%, P=0.017; group B, 66.7% vs 7.14%, P=0.017) and punctuate hyperechoic foci (group A, 61.5% vs 0, P<0.001; group B, 50% vs 0, P<0.001). On real time ultrasound elastography, 7 of 13 degenerating cystic thyroid nodules in group A were pattern I, 5 were pattern II, 1 was pattern III. One degenerating cystic thyroid nodule in group B was pattern II, 5 were pattern III. The area under the curve for elastography was 0.98 in group A (sensitivity 92.3%, specificity 100%, P = 0.002), and 0.88 in group B (sensitivity 16.7%, specificity 100%, P = 0.014). Conclusions: As a dependable imaging technique, elastography helps increase the performance in differential diagnosis of degenerating cystic thyroid nodule and malignancy. Source