Time filter

Source Type

Chen Z.,Shanghai University | Shen B.-L.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Fu Q.-G.,Tongji University | Wang F.,Shanghai University | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2014

Cullin 4B (CUL4B) is a component of the Cullin4B-Ring E3 ligase complex (CRL4B) that functions in proteolysis and is implicated in tumorigenesis. Here, we report that CUL4B is associated with tumorigenesis by promoting proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis of human osteosarcoma cells. We performed RNA interference (RNAi) with a lentiviral vector system to silence the CUL4B gene using osteosarcoma SAOS-2 cells. The negative control included the normal target cells infected with the negative control virus whereas the knockdown cells included the normal target cells transfected with the RNAi target virus. We assessed the inhibition resulting from the decreased expression of the CUL4B gene on the proliferation rate of SAOS-2 cells, and also evaluated the cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and clonability. Compared with the negative control, the CUL4B gene expression was significantly inhibited in the SAOS-2 cells at the mRNA and protein levels in the knockdown group (P<0.01). Furthermore, in the knockdown group, the cell proliferation rate and clonability were also significantly inhibited (P<0.01). The apoptosis rate increased significantly (P<0.05). A significant decrease in the number of cells in the G1 phase (P<0.01) and significant increases in the S (P<0.01) and G2 phases (P<0.05) were observed. The silencing of CUL4B gene expression can effectively inhibit osteosarcoma cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. These findings may provide a novel biomarker for the treatment of osteosarcoma.


PubMed | Tongji University, Shanghai University and Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology reports | Year: 2014

Cullin 4B (CUL4B) is a component of the Cullin4B-Ring E3 ligase complex (CRL4B) that functions in proteolysis and is implicated in tumorigenesis. Here, we report that CUL4B is associated with tumorigenesis by promoting proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis of human osteosarcoma cells. We performed RNA interference (RNAi) with a lentiviral vector system to silence the CUL4B gene using osteosarcoma SAOS-2 cells. The negative control included the normal target cells infected with the negative control virus whereas the knockdown cells included the normal target cells transfected with the RNAi target virus. We assessed the inhibition resulting from the decreased expression of the CUL4B gene on the proliferation rate of SAOS-2 cells, and also evaluated the cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and clonability. Compared with the negative control, the CUL4B gene expression was significantly inhibited in the SAOS-2 cells at the mRNA and protein levels in the knockdown group (P<0.01). Furthermore, in the knockdown group, the cell proliferation rate and clonability were also significantly inhibited (P<0.01). The apoptosis rate increased significantly (P<0.05). A significant decrease in the number of cells in the G1 phase (P<0.01) and significant increases in the S (P<0.01) and G2 phases (P<0.05) were observed. The silencing of CUL4B gene expression can effectively inhibit osteosarcoma cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. These findings may provide a novel biomarker for the treatment of osteosarcoma.


PubMed | Tongji University, Shanghai University and Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of biochemical and molecular toxicology | Year: 2015

To investigate the effect of uric acid on the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). The hBMSCs were isolated from bone marrow of six healthy donors. Cell morphology was observed by microscopy and cell surface markers (CD44 and CD34) of hBMSCs were analyzed by immunofluorescence. Cell morphology and immunofluorescence analysis showed that hBMSCs were successfully isolated from bone marrow. The number of hBMSCs in uric acid groups was higher than that in the control group on day 3, 4, and 5. Alizarin red staining showed that number of calcium nodules in uric acid groups was more than that of the control group. Oil red-O staining showed that the number of red fat vacuoles decreased with the increased concentration of uric acid. In summary, uric acid could promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs while inhibit adipogenic differentiation of hBMSCs.


Liang D.-Y.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Hou Y.-Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Luo L.-J.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Ao L.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2016

MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are small, non coding RNA molecules that play significant roles in numerous diseases. However, there is limited information regarding the plasma expression of miRNAs in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) as well as the potential role of miRNAs in the development of PBC. miRNA microarray analysis was performed using plasma obtaind from three patients with PBC and three healthy controls. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was performed to confirm the differential expression of miRNAs in the plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from 20 patients with PBC, 20 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and 20 healthy controls. These miRNAs in PBMCs and plasma were validated by linear regression analyses. The T cell subset frequency was analyzed by flow cytometry. Correlations between altered miRNA expression and the frequency of the T cell subsets were determined by linear regression analyses. The co-expression of miRNAs and IL-17A was examined using fl uorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry. The microarray analysis identified sixteen miRNAs that were differentially expressed. Four miRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR. The expression pattern of miR-572 and miR-92a in the PBMCs correlated with the expression pattern in plasma. We also found that miR-92a expression closely correlated with the frequency of a subset of IL-17-producing T helper cells (Th17), and that miR-92a was co-expressed with IL-17A in patients with PBC. Taken together, these findings revealed that plasma from patients with PBC has a unique miRNA expression profile. Moreover, miR-92a may play an important role in the pathogenesis of PBC by regulating Th17 cell differentiation.


Luo L.-J.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Luo L.-J.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Liu F.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Lin Z.-K.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2012

Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells are fibroblasts that play key roles in tissue integrity, periodontal inflammation and tissue regeneration in the periodontium. The periodontal tissue destruction in periodontitis is mediated by host tissue-produced inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Here, we report the expression of G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30, also known as G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 GPER) in human PDL cells and its regulation by IL-1β. IL-1β-induced GPR30 expression in human PDL cells leads to the activation of multiple signaling pathways, including MAPK, NF-κB and PI3K. In contrast, genistein, an estrogen receptor ligand, postpones the activation of MAPKs induced by IL-1β. Moreover, the inhibition of GPR30 by G15, a GPR30-specific antagonist, eliminates this delay. Thus, genistein plays a role in the regulation of MAPK activation via GPR30, and GPR30 represents a novel target regulated by steroid hormones in PDL cells. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Zheng Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Gu M.,Jiading Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Shi D.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Li M.,Shanghai First Rehabilitation Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Rheumatology International | Year: 2014

Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is a common symptom in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Palisade sacroiliac joint radiofrequency neurotomy (PSRN) is a novel treatment for the SIJ pain. In the current clinical trial, we treated AS patients with significant SIJ pain using PSRN under computed tomography guidance and compared the results with the celecoxib treatment. The current study included 155 AS patients. Patients were randomly assigned to receive PSRN or celecoxib treatment (400 mg/day for 24 weeks). The primary endpoint was global pain intensity in visual analog scale, at week 12. Secondary endpoints included pain intensity at week 24, disease activity, functional and mobility capacities, and adverse events at week 24. In comparison with the baseline collected immediately prior to the interventions, global pain intensity was significantly lower at both 12 and 24 weeks after the treatment in both arms. Pain reduction was more robust in the PSRN arm (by more than 1.9 and 2.2 cm at 12 and 24 weeks in comparison with the celecoxib arm, P < 0.0001 for both). The PSRN was also more effective in improving physical function and spinal mobility (P < 0.05 vs. celecoxib for both). Gastrointestional irritation was more frequent in the celecoxib arm than in the PSRN arm (P < 0.05). No severe complications were noted in either arm. PSRN is both efficacious and safe in managing SIJ pain in patients with AS. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.


PubMed | Shanghai JiaoTong University and Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular medicine | Year: 2016

MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are small, non-coding RNA molecules that play significant roles in numerous diseases. However, there is limited information regarding the plasma expression of miRNAs in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis(PBC) as well as the potential role of miRNAs in the development of PBC. miRNA microarray analysis was performed using plasma obtaind from three patients with PBC and three healthy controls. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) was performed to confirm the differential expression of miRNAs in the plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) isolated from 20patients with PBC, 20patients with chronic hepatitisB(CHB) and 20healthy controls. These miRNAs in PBMCs and plasma were validated by linear regression analyses. The Tcell subset frequency was analyzed by ow cytometry. Correlations between altered miRNA expression and the frequency of the Tcell subsets were determined by linear regression analyses. The co-expression of miRNAs and IL-17A was examined using fluorescence insitu hybridization(FISH) and immunohistochemistry. The microarray analysis identified sixteen miRNAs that were differentially expressed. Four miRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR. The expression pattern of miR-572 and miR-92a in the PBMCs correlated with the expression pattern in plasma. We also found that miR-92a expression closely correlated with the frequency of a subset of IL-17-producing Thelper cells(Th17), and that miR-92a was co-expressed with IL-17A in patients with PBC. Taken together, these findings revealed that plasma from patients with PBC has a unique miRNA expression profile. Moreover, miR-92a may play an important role in the pathogenesis of PBC by regulating Th17 cell differentiation.


Luo L.-J.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Luo L.-J.,CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences | Liu F.,CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences | Wang X.-Y.,Tongji University | And 5 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2012

The uptake of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) by macrophages usually leads to the formation of lipid-laden macrophages known as "foam cells," and this process plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Ox-LDL activates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP) kinases and nuclear factor (NF)-κB, and activations of p38 and NF-κB are important for the formation of foam cells. MAP kinase phosphatase (MKP) 5 is a member of the dual specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) family that can selectively dephosphorylate activated MAPKs to regulate innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the role of MKP5 in the formation of foam cells remains unknown. Here, we found that stimulation of ox-LDL induces the expression of MKP5 in macrophages. MKP5 deficiency blocked the uptake of ox-LDL and the formation of foam cells. Further analysis revealed that deletion of MKP5 reduced the ox-LDL-induced activation of NF-κB. Also, MKP5 deficiency markedly inhibited the production of TNF-α, but enhanced the levels of TGF-β1 in ox-LDL-stimulated macrophages. Moreover, inhibition of NF-κB by p65 RNAi significantly reduced foam cell formation in macrophages from WT mice relative to MKP5-deficient mice. Thus, MKP5 has an essential role in the formation of foam cells through activation of NF-κB, and MKP5 represents a novel target for the therapeutic intervention of atherosclerosis. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Liang D.-Y.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | Liu F.,Tongji University | Chen J.-X.,Tongji University | He X.-L.,Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2016

CD36, a scavenger receptor, plays an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis through its interaction with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis, Pg) has been shown to promote macrophage-derived foam cell formation by affecting the expression of CD36. However, the regulatory role of CD36 in macrophages infected with Pg remains largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the molecular mechanism of Pg induced CD36 expression in macrophages. Our results showed that Pg promoted ox-LDL uptake by macrophages and the formation of foam cells. Pg infection increased CD36 mRNA and protein levels in ox-LDL-untreated macrophages. Moreover, small interferon RNA (siRNA) targeting CD36 significantly reduced foam cell formation induced by Pg. Additionally, Pg stimulated nuclear translocation of p65, which directly bound to the promoters of CD36 to facilitate its transcription. Inhibition of p65, NF-κB or ERK1/2 blocked Pg-induced CD36 production; whereas, overexpression of NF-κB subunits p65 and p50 upregulated CD36. Furthermore, Ras inhibitors significantly attenuated ERK1/2 activation and CD36 expression. Taken together, the data indicated that stimulation of the ERK/NF-κB pathway by Pg led to transactivation of the CD36 promoters, thereby upregulating CD36 expression in the infected macrophages. These findings may help design new treatment strategies in atherosclerosis. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Tongji University and Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cellular signalling | Year: 2016

CD36, a scavenger receptor, plays an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis through its interaction with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis, Pg) has been shown to promote macrophage-derived foam cell formation by affecting the expression of CD36. However, the regulatory role of CD36 in macrophages infected with Pg remains largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the molecular mechanism of Pg induced CD36 expression in macrophages. Our results showed that Pg promoted ox-LDL uptake by macrophages and the formation of foam cells. Pg infection increased CD36 mRNA and protein levels in ox-LDL-untreated macrophages. Moreover, small interferon RNA (siRNA) targeting CD36 significantly reduced foam cell formation induced by Pg. Additionally, Pg stimulated nuclear translocation of p65, which directly bound to the promoters of CD36 to facilitate its transcription. Inhibition of p65, NF-B or ERK1/2 blocked Pg-induced CD36 production; whereas, overexpression of NF-B subunits p65 and p50 upregulated CD36. Furthermore, Ras inhibitors significantly attenuated ERK1/2 activation and CD36 expression. Taken together, the data indicated that stimulation of the ERK/NF-B pathway by Pg led to transactivation of the CD36 promoters, thereby upregulating CD36 expression in the infected macrophages. These findings may help design new treatment strategies in atherosclerosis.

Loading Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital collaborators
Loading Shanghai Jiading Central Hospital collaborators