Kountz D.S.,Jersey Shore University Medical Center
Postgraduate medicine | Year: 2013
Black individuals are at high risk for hypertension and increased morbidity from cardiovascular and renal disease, in particular. Increased understanding of racial disparities in hypertension, in terms of risk factors, patient/physician behaviors, and treatment outcomes, is key to improving racially oriented care in black patients. Recent data suggest that black patients progress more rapidly from prehypertension to hypertension, highlighting the need for early and prompt intervention. Unfortunately, adherence to and persistence with antihypertensive therapy are generally poor in black patients and are compounded by the increased need for multidrug therapy in this patient population. Treatment strategies currently under investigation are focusing on methods to improve self-care behaviors and medication adherence. Because this is a constantly and rapidly evolving field of study, this article provides an update of recent findings that should be of relevance and interest to practicing clinicians.
Tejwani N.,New York University |
Polonet D.,Jersey Shore University Medical Center |
Wolinsky P.R.,University of California at Davis
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons | Year: 2014
Management of tibia fractures by internal fixation, particularly intramedullary nails, has become the standard for diaphyseal fractures. However, for metaphyseal fractures or those at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction, choice of fixation device and technique is controversial. For distal tibia fractures, nailing and plating techniques may be used, the primary goal of each being to achieve acceptable alignment with minimal complications. Different techniques for reduction of these fractures are available and can be applied with either fixation device. Overall outcomes appear to be nearly equivalent, with minor differences in complications. Proximal tibia fractures can be fixed using nailing, which is associated with deformity of the proximal short segment. A newer technique - suprapatellar nailing - may minimize these problems, and use of this method has been increasing in trauma centers. However, most of the data are still largely based on case series. Copyright 2014 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Zheng M.,Jersey Shore University Medical Center
Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America | Year: 2016
Advancement in the understanding of lung tumor biology enables continued refinement of lung cancer classification, reflected in the recently introduced 2015 World Health Organization classification of lung cancer. In small biopsy or cytology specimens, special emphasis is placed on separating adenocarcinomas from the other lung cancers to effectively select tumors for targeted molecular testing. In resection specimens, adenocarcinomas are further classified based on architectural pattern to delineate tissue types of prognostic significance. Neuroendocrine tumors are divided into typical carcinoid, atypical carcinoid, small cell carcinoma, and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma based on a combination of features, especially tumor cell proliferation rate. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
Kountz D.,Jersey Shore University Medical Center
Journal of the National Medical Association | Year: 2012
It is well documented that African American populations are disproportionately affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with their white counterparts. They have a higher prevalence of diabetes, a higher rate of diabetes-related complications, greater disability from these complications, and poorer control and quality of care. In order to improve diabetes care and outcomes in African Americans (and indeed all patients with diabetes), a multifactorial approach is needed to target all risk factors - not solely hyperglycemia - simultaneously. Culturally appropriate initiatives to improve lifestyle behaviors are a first step in management. Community-based programs, including those mediated through church groups, have reported varying degrees of success in effecting such beneficial lifestyle changes. If these measures fail to achieve desirable levels of blood glucose, blood pressure, and serum lipids, pharmacologic therapy is indicated. However, few evidence-based recommendations regarding the use of some drugs in African Americans currently exist due to their underrepresentation in randomized controlled clinical trials. Other essential components of diabetes care include regular screening for diabetic nephropathy and neuropathy, and eye and foot examinations, with prompt referral to specialists when important clinical changes are detected.
Dundas M.A.,Jersey Shore University Medical Center |
Gutierrez G.M.,New York University |
Pozzi F.,University of Delaware
Journal of Sports Sciences | Year: 2014
Ankle sprains are a common injury and those affected are at a risk of developing chronic ankle instability (CAI). Complications of an acute sprain include increased risk of re-injury and persistent disability; however, the exact link between ankle sprains and chronic instability has yet to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate neuromuscular control (including kinematics, kinetics and EMG) during stepping down from a curb, a common yet challenging daily activity, in persons with ankle instability (n = 11), those with a history of ankle sprain without persistent instability, called ankle sprain "copers" (CPRs) (n = 9) and uninjured controls (CTLs) (n = 13). A significant group difference was noted as the CPR group demonstrated increased tibialis anterior activity in both the preparatory (pre-touchdown) and reactive (post-touchdown) phases when compared to healthy and unstable groups (P < 0.05). It follows that the CPR group also demonstrated a significantly less plantar-flexed position at touchdown than the other two groups (P < 0.05). This is a more stable position to load the ankle and this strategy differed from that used by participants with CAI and uninjured CTLs. These findings provide insight into the neuromuscular control strategies of CPRs, which may allow them to more appropriately control ankle stability following sprains. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.