Jerini AG | Date: 2010-03-29
The present invention is related to a compound, preferably a C5a receptor antagonist, having the following structure: whereby
Shagdarsuren E.,Institute For Molekulare Herz Kreislaufforschung |
Bidzhekov K.,Institute For Molekulare Herz Kreislaufforschung |
Mause S.F.,Institute For Molekulare Herz Kreislaufforschung |
Mause S.F.,RWTH Aachen |
And 8 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2010
Background-: Receptor binding of complement C5a leads to proinflammatory activation of many cell types, but the role of receptor-mediated action during arterial remodeling after injury has not been studied. In the present study, we examined the contribution of the C5a receptor (C5aR) to neointima formation in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice employing a C5aR antagonist (C5aRA) and a C5aR-blocking monoclonal antibody. Methods and results-: Mice fed an atherogenic diet were subjected to wire-induced endothelial denudation of the carotid artery and treated with C5aRA and anti-C5aR-blocking monoclonal antibody or vehicle control. Compared with controls, neointima formation was significantly reduced in mice receiving C5aRA or anti-C5aR-blocking monoclonal antibody for 1 week but not for 3 weeks, attributable to an increased content of vascular smooth muscle cells, whereas a marked decrease in monocyte and neutrophil content was associated with reduced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. As assessed by immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry, C5aR was expressed in lesional and cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, upregulated by injury or tumor necrosis factor-α, and reduced by C5aRA. Plasma levels and neointimal plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 peaked 1 week after injury and were downregulated in C5aRA-treated mice. In vitro, C5a induced plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 expression in endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells in a C5aRA-dependent manner, possibly accounting for higher vascular smooth muscle cell immigration. Conclusions-: One-week treatment with C5aRA or anti-C5aR-blocking monoclonal antibody limited neointimal hyperplasia and inflammatory cell content and was associated with reduced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression. However, treatment for 3 weeks failed to reduce but rather stabilized plaques, likely by reducing vascular plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and increasing vascular smooth muscle cell migration. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.
Daumer M.P.,University of Bonn |
Daumer M.P.,Institute of Immunology and Genetics |
Schneider B.,University of Bonn |
Giesen D.M.,University of Bonn |
And 10 more authors.
Medical Microbiology and Immunology | Year: 2011
Monoclonal antibody (MAb) 2c, specific for glycoprotein B of herpes simplex virus (HSV), had been shown to mediate clearance of infection from the mucous membranes of mice, thereby completely inhibiting mucocutaneous inflammation and lethality, even in mice depleted of both CD4+ and CD8+ cells. Additionally, ganglionic infection was highly restricted. In vitro, MAb 2c exhibits a potent complement-independent neutralising activity against HSV type 1 and 2, completely inhibits the viral cell-to-cell spread as well as the syncytium formation induced by syncytial HSV strains (Eis-Hübinger et al. in Intervirology 32:351-360, 1991; Eis-Hübinger et al. in J Gen Virol 74:379-385, 1993). Here, we describe the mapping of the epitope for MAb 2c. The antibody was found to recognise a discontinuous epitope comprised of the HSV type 1 glycoprotein B residues 299 to 305 and one or more additional discontinuous regions that can be mimicked by the sequence FEDF. Identification of the epitope was confirmed by loss of antibody binding to mutated glycoprotein B with replacement of the epitopic key residues, expressed in COS-1 cells. Similarly, MAb 2c was not able to neutralise HSV mutants with altered key residues, and MAb 2c was ineffective in mice inoculated with such mutants. Interestingly, identification and fine-mapping of the discontinuous epitope was not achieved by binding studies with truncated glycoprotein B variants expressed in COS cells but by peptide scanning with synthetic overlapping peptides and peptide key motif analysis. Reactivity of MAb 2c was immensely increased towards a peptide composed of the glycoprotein B residues 299 to 305, a glycine linker, and a C-terminal FEDF motif. If it could be demonstrated that antibodies of the specificity and bioactivity of MAb 2c can be induced by the epitope or a peptide mimicking the epitope, strategies for active immunisation might be conceivable. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Frank A.O.,TU Munich |
Otto E.,TU Munich |
Mas-Moruno C.,TU Munich |
Schiller H.B.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry |
And 8 more authors.
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2010
The rearrangement of asparagine to isoaspartate (isoD) is responsible for the deactivation of many functional proteins. However, the isoDGR motif, which is optimally presented as a conformationally controlled cyclic pentapeptide, binds selectively to α5β 1 integrin (see the docking model) with an affinity comparable to that of the peptidic antitumor agent Cilengitide. Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Dietrich T.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg |
Dietrich T.,University of Regensburg |
Bock F.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg |
Bock F.,Schepens Eye Research Institute |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Immunology | Year: 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of blood vessels (hemangiogenesis) versus lymphatic vessels (lymphangiogenesis) in mediating immunological responses after transplantation. Using the murine model of corneal transplantation, graft survival was compared in differentially prevascularized and avascular recipient beds. Donor corneas (C57BL/6) were transplanted into uninflamed or inflamed avascular, prehemvascularized only or prehemvascularized and prelymphvascularized recipient murine eyes (BALB/C). Selective inhibition of lymphangiogenesis was achieved using antivascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 Abs and anti-integrin α5 small molecules. Grafts placed into only prehemvascularized recipient beds had a similarly good graft survival compared with grafts placed into completely avascular, normal recipients, whereas the pre-existence of lymphatic vessels significantly deteriorated corneal graft survival (p < 0.05). Lymphatic vessels seem to contribute significantly to graft rejection after (corneal) transplantation. That may allow for selective, temporary, perioperative antilymphangiogenic treatment to promote graft survival without affecting blood vessels, even after solid organ transplantation. Copyright © 2010 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.