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You M.-K.,Mokpo National University | Kim M.-S.,NaturePureKorea Inc. | Rhyu J.,Mokpo National University | Bang M.-A.,Jeonnam Biofood Technology Center | Kim H.-A.,Mokpo National University
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In this study, the inhibitory effect of Erythronium japonicum extracts on the metastasis of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line was determined. MATERIALS/METHODS: Cells were cultured with DMSO or with 50, 75, 100 or 250 μg/ml of Erythronium japonicum methanol or ethanol extract. RESULTS: Both methanol and ethanol extracts significantly inhibited the growth and induced apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Erythronium japonicum extracts inhibited the adhesion of MDA-MB-231 cells. The invasion of breast cancer cells was suppressed by Erythronium japonicum extracts in a dose-dependent manner. The motility and MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities were also inhibited by both methanol and ethanol extracts. CONCLUSIONS: Our results collectively indicate that Erythronium japonicum extracts inhibit the growth, adhesion, migration and invasion as well as induce the apoptosis of human breast cancer cells. Clinical application of Erythronium japonicum as a potent chemopreventive agent may be helpful in limiting breast cancer invasion and metastasis. © 2015 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.

Cho S.Y.,Korea University | Park M.J.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Kim K.M.,Jeonnam Biofood Technology Center | Ryu J.-H.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Park H.J.,Korean University of Science and Technology
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

A sour kimchi product with an elevated amount of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was produced using starter lactic acid bacteria (LAB) for mukeunjee kimchi fermentation. The starter LAB were screened and isolated from the commercial mukeunjee kimchi product that showed the highest GABA content and was identified as Lactobacillus buchneri. The maximum GABA production of L. buchneri in MRS media was 5.83 mg/mL at pH 4.2 and the addition of 3% NaCl did not significantly (p>0.05) changed GABA production of L. buchneri. The amount of GABA in L. buchneri-inoculated sour kimchi was 61.65 mg/100 g, which represented about 8 times higher than the L. buchneri uninoculated kimchi (control kimchi). A sensory evaluation test of L. buchneri-inoculated sour kimchi and control kimchi showed that the L. buchneri inoculation may produce more sour kimchi than control kimchi, but there was no difference in the general acceptance between the 2 kimchi products (p>0.05). © KoSFoST and Springer 2011.

Norajit K.,Kongju National University | Kim K.M.,Jeonnam Biofood Technology Center | Ryu G.H.,Kongju National University
Journal of Food Engineering | Year: 2010

The physical and antioxidant properties of alginate biodegradable film incorporating white, red and extruded white ginseng extracts were investigated. No differences in moisture contents of all alginate film samples were noticeable (p > 0.05) except those film samples incorporated without ginseng extract, which had the highest moisture content. The addition of ginseng extract to alginate film decreased tensile strength and elastic modulus (p < 0.05) but increased the percent elongation at break. The presence of extracts did not significantly affect the water vapor permeability of the film samples. Alginate film containing extruded white ginseng extract at a barrel temperature of 130 °C presented the highest (61.12%) free-radical scavenging activity against the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl radical (DPPH) in methanol, followed by film containing white ginseng extruded at a barrel temperature of 115 °C. Following these samples in terms of free-radical scavenging activity were film samples containing red and white ginseng extracts, respectively. These results revealed that extruded white ginseng extract has good potential to be incorporated into alginate to make antioxidant biodegradable film or coating for various food applications. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ko B.-K.,Korea University | Kim K.M.,Jeonnam Biofood Technology Center | Hong Y.-S.,Korea University | Lee C.-H.,Korea University
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

Meju, a brick of dried fermented soybean naturally inoculated with microorganisms, is a starter used for producing traditional Korean fermented soybean products such as soybean paste (doenjang) and soy sauce (ganjang). In order to reduce aging time during production of soybean paste and soy sauce, high pressure (HP) treatment was applied to the meju starter at 500 MPa of pressure for 10 min at 15 °C. Fermentative behaviors of normal and HP-treated meju were assessed and compared through physicochemical and 1H NMR-based metabolomic analysis. All mejues were incubated for 3 weeks at 30 °C. At 1 week of incubation, total bacterial population decreased mainly due to a reduction of water content by spontaneous evaporation during the incubation period. As the incubation time increased, glutamate, proline, betain, choline, and phosphocholine levels increased in both normal and HP-treated mejues, indicating that microorganisms in the mejues synthesize these metabolites to endure intracellular hyperosmotic stress induced by the reduction in water content. Through 3 weeks of incubation, the amino-type nitrogen contents and neutral protease activities in HP-treated meju were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than in normal meju, even though total bacterial content in HP-treated meju was 2 or 3 times lower. Moreover, marked increases in glycerol, acetate, tyrosine, and choline levels were observed in HP-treated meju compared to normal meju. In particular, higher levels of tyrosine in HP-treated meju were consistent with the increased neutral protease activities compared to normal meju, indicating an improvement in enzyme stability with HP treatment. These findings highlight a new or better understanding of the influence of the HP or physical treatments on fermentative products in food processing, such as those associated with soybean paste and soy sauce, regarding metabolic behaviors in fermentative starter induced by HP treatment. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Lee J.-E.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Kim K.M.,Jeonnam Biofood Technology Center
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2010

Soy protein isolate/montmorillonite (SPI/MMT) nanocomposite films were prepared in which MMT was used as a nanofiller at 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 wt % relative to SPI dry weight. Effects of MMT on film properties including tensile strength, elongation at break, total soluble matter, water vapor permeability, and oxygen permeability were assessed. X-ray diffraction patterns were determined, and morphologies of SPI and the SPI-MMT composite films were visualized by scanning electron microscopy. Mechanical and barrier properties were improved by evidenced increases in tensile strength and modulus, and decreases in permeability to water vapor and oxygen. MMT concentrations of 3%-12% were optimal for improving functional properties of the composite films. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy examinations revealed the formation of an intercalated and exfoliated structure on the addition of MMT into the SPI matrix. We conclude that intercalated and exfoliated MMT silicates enhance mechanical and barrier properties of SPI films. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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