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Baek S.Y.,Jeollabuk do | Lee Y.J.,Jeollabuk do | Lee Y.J.,Chungbuk National University | Kim J.H.,Jeollabuk do | Yeo S.-H.,Jeollabuk do
Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2015

It has been known for some time to the wine industry that non-Saccharomyces yeasts play an important role in increasing volatile components through the secretion of extracellular enzymes. The objective of this study was to investigate what types of enzymes are produced by 1,007 non-Saccharomyces yeast strains isolated from Korean fermented foods. Among 1,007 yeast strains, the 566,45 and 401 strains displayed β-glucosidase, glucanase and protease activity, respectively. In addition, the 563 and 610 strains possessed tolerances against cerulenin and TFL, and the 307 strain was tolerant to 15% ethanol. Yeasts producing harmful biogenic amines and hydrogen sulfide were excluded from further study, and eventually 12 yeast strains belonging to the genera Wickemamomyces, Hanseniaspora, Pichia, Saccharomyces were identified, based on the 26S rRNA gene sequences. Among the 12 strains, the 9 and 5 strains possessed glucose and ethanol tolerance, respectively. Yeasts belonging to the genus Saccharomyces produced more than 8% alcohol, but non-Saccharomyces yeasts produced only 3% alcohol. © 2015, The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology. Source

Baek S.Y.,Jeollabuk do | Baek S.Y.,Kyungpook National University | Lee Y.J.,Jeollabuk do | Kim M.-D.,Kangwon National University | And 3 more authors.
Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2015

The objective of this study was to improve the quality of Korean rice wine with wild type yeast strains isolated from various traditional Korean fermented foods. Herein the fermentation and sensory characterization of wild yeast, for the purposes of brewing Korean rice wine, was investigated. 12 yeast strains were examined for their ethanol and glucose tolerance. In addition, the pH, soluble solids, acidity, amino acidity, ethanol content, organic acids, and volatile compounds were also studied for the alcoholic beverages made with the wild yeasts. Almost all Saccharomyces genera yeasts were showed to have a tolerance at 10% ethanol, but non-Saccharomyces genera yeasts displayed a low tolerance. The alcoholic beverages fermented by non-Saccharomyces yeasts demonstrated higher levels of soluble solids, titratable acidity, amino acids, and lower ethanol content, when compared with the alcoholic beverages fermented by Saccharomyces genera yeasts. The organic acid content, such as malic acid, acetic acid, and succinic acid, was seen to also be higher. The electronic nose was analyzed, and discriminant function analysis (DFA) was used for discriminating wild yeast strains. The DFA plots indicated a significant separation of Saccharomyces genera and non-Saccharomyces yeast strains. For volatile compounds, ethyl acetate from non-Saccharomyces yeasts, and ethanol from Saccharomyces genera yeast, a high area ratio was observed. © 2015, The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology. Source

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