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Yongin, South Korea

Kim Y.S.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Jung D.H.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Lee I.S.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Choi S.-J.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | And 4 more authors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Accumulating evidences suggest that aldose reductase (AR) inhibitors and advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation inhibitors may prevent chronic hyperglycemia-induced long-term complication in diabetes. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) plays an important role in the development of diabetic nephropathy. Allium species have been utilized in folk medicine throughout the world for the treatment of various physical disorders. However, the benefits of Allium victorialis (A. victorialis) against diabetic complications, especially nephropathy, have yet to be explored. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of the compounds isolated from A. victorialis leaf on diabetic nephropathy. Methods: In vitro AR activity, AGEs formation, and AGE-receptor for AGEs (RAGE) binding in human RAGE (hRAGE)-overexpressing cells were tested. High glucose-induced transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) expression was also examined in mouse kidney mesangial cells (MMCs) cultured under high glucose. Results: Of the isolated eight compounds from A. victorialis leaf extracts tested, quercitrin exhibited the most pronounced inhibitory effects on AR activity (IC50 value of 0.17 μM) and AGEs formation (IC50 value of 4.20 μM). Furthermore, quercitrin disrupted AGE-RAGE binding in a concentration-dependent manner in hRAGE-overexpressing cells. Additionally, of the eight compounds tested, ferulic acid significantly reduced high glucose-induced TGF-β1 expression and secretion in MMCs. Conclusions: Our results suggest that active compounds isolated from A. victorialis leaf exhibit inhibitory effects on AR activity in rat lenses and AGE formation. Further, ferulic acid reduces TGF-β1 mRNA expression and secretion in MMCs under diabetic conditions. Thus, A. victorialis is a good candidate for the development of treatments for diabetic nephropathy. © 2013 Kim et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Baek J.-S.,Chungnam National University | So J.-W.,Chungnam National University | So J.-W.,Jeil Pharmaceutical Co. | Shin S.-C.,Chonnam National University | Cho C.-W.,Chungnam National University
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2012

The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of surface-modified paclitaxel (PTX)-incorporated solid lipid nanoparticles with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (smPSH). The smPSH released 89.70±3.99% of its entrapped PTX within 24 h when placed in dissolution medium containing sodium lauryl sulfate. The cellular uptake of PTX from smPSH in Caco-2 cells was 5.3-fold increased compared to a PTX solution based on a Taxol formulation. Moreover, smPSH showed an increased cytotoxicity compared to PTX solution. In addition, AUC (5.43 μg·h/ml) and Cmax (1.44 μg/ml) of smPSH were higher than those (1.81 μg·h/ml and 0.73 μg/ml) of PTX solution. The drug concentration of smPSH (11.12±4.45 ng/mg of lymph tissue) in lymph nodes was higher than that of the PTX solution (0.89±0.75 ng/mg of lymph tissue), suggesting that more PTX was transported to the lymphatic vessels in the form of smPSH. In conclusion, smPSH have a potential as an alternative delivery system for oral administration of PTX.

Ji A.-R.,Seoul National University | Ku S.-Y.,Seoul National University | Cho M.S.,Jeil Pharmaceutical Co. | Kim Y.Y.,Seoul National University | And 5 more authors.
Experimental and Molecular Medicine | Year: 2010

Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been studied as a regulator of differentiation into specific cell types in embryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, ROS role in human ESCs (hESCs) is unknown because mouse ESCs have been used mainly for most studies. Herein we suggest that ROS generation may play a critical role in differentiation of hESCs; ROS enhances differentiation of hESCs into bi-potent mesendodermal cell lineage via ROS-involved signaling pathways. In ROS-inducing conditions, expression of pluripotency markers (Oct4, Tra 1-60, Nanog, and Sox2) of hESCs was decreased, while expression of mesodermal and endodermal markers was increased. Moreover, these differentiation events of hESCs in ROS-inducing conditions were decreased by free radical scavenger treatment. hESC-derived embryoid bodies (EBs) also showed similar differentiation patterns by ROS induction. In ROS-related signaling pathway, some of the MAPKs family members in hESCs were also affected by ROS induction. p38 MAPK and AKT (protein kinases B, PKB) were inactivated significantly by buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) treatment. JNK and ERK phosphorylation levels were increased at early time of BSO treatment but not at late time point. Moreover, MAPKs family-specific inhibitors could prevent the mesendodermal differentiation of hESCs by ROS induction. Our results demonstrate that stemness and differentiation of hESCs can be regulated by environmental factors such as ROS.

A pharmaceutical composition includes lipid nanoparticles which include two or more of a phospholipid, cholesterol, and an ionic lipid, and a tricyclic derivative, wherein the solubility of the tricyclic derivative is improved. It is possible to solubilize a partially soluble tricyclic derivative in a high concentration even without using a solubilization aid harmful to the human body, to maintain improved solubility even if water is added for the use as an injection, and to show stability even if stored for a long time, by preparing lipid nanoparticles. Therefore, the lipid nanoparticles of the present invention can be used for preparing a pharmaceutical preparation containing a partially soluble tricyclic derivative as an active ingredient.

Je Il Pharmaceutical Co. | Date: 2010-06-29

The present invention relates to a method for preparing a tricyclic derivative, and more particulary, to a method for preparing a tricyclic derivative inetermediate with high yield and purity, the method including: introducing a hydroxy group by esterifying and substituting 2-fluoroisophthalic acid compound; introducing a piperidyl group; introducing a hydroxy group through reduction reaction; and then hydrolyzing the resultant compound, and to a method for preparing the tricyclic derivative using said intermediate. According to the method of the present invention, it is possible to provide a tricyclic derivative and an intermediate thereof with high productivity and economic feasibility as well as high purity and yield, by purifying a compound using re-crystallization unlike typical methods of using column chromatography. In addition, the method of the present invention can be usefully used for industrial mass production because sodium borohydride or lithium aluminum hydride with low risk of a fire is used unlike typical methods of using lithium borohydride which is not industrially applicable due to high risk of a fire.

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