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Saint-Etienne, France

Jean Monnet University is a French public university, based in Saint-Étienne. It is under the Academy of Lyon and belongs to the recent administrative entity denominated University of Lyon, which gathers different schools in Lyon and Saint-Étienne.The main campus is located in Tréfilerie, in the city of Saint-Étienne. It houses arts, languages and letters courses, with law, economics and management, human science and the Maison de l'Université .science and sports are studied in Metare campus, which is located in a less urbanized place in the city. A University Institute of Technology is located in Metare too, providing some short formations in two or three years. Optic and vision and the Engineering school Telecom Saint-Etienne are located in the Carnot Campus in the north of the city. The Laboratoire Hubert Curien, devoted to optic, image and computer science, is located there too. Bellevue Campus holds the medicine faculty.An other campus is located in the city of Roanne, with a second University Institute of Technology. Wikipedia.

Pozzetto B.,Jean Monnet University
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2010

Flocked swabs (Copan) were compared to rayon swabs (Copan) for the nasal detection of Staphylococcus aureus in 90 healthy volunteers sampled sequentially during a 5-week period. The use of flocked swabs improved the number of nasal carriers (P = 0.026), the number of positive specimens (P = 0.01), and the quantity of bacteria in positive samples (P = 0.004). Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Moyen J.-F.,Jean Monnet University | van Hunen J.,Durham University
Geology | Year: 2012

By combining geochemical data and geodynamical models, evidence is provided to address the existence and style of Archaean plate tectonics, a topic of vigorous debate for decades. Using careful analyses of lithostratigraphic Archaean assemblages and numerical model results, we illustrate that a short-term episodic style of subduction was a viable style of tectonics in the early Earth. Modeling results show how, due to the low strength of slabs in a hotter Earth, frequent slab break-off events prevented a modern-style long-lived subduction system, and resulted in frequent cessation and re-initiation of the subduction process on a typical time scale of a few million years. Results fit with geochemical observations that suggest frequent alternation of arc-style and non-arc-style volcanism on a similarly short time scale. Such tectonics could provide the link between early pre-plate tectonic style of tectonics (or stagnant-lid convection) and modern-style plate tectonics, in which short-term episodes of proto-subduction evolved over time into a longer-term, more successful style of plate tectonics as mantle temperature decayed. © 2012 Geological Society of America.

Delanaye P.,University of Liege | Mariat C.,Jean Monnet University
Nature Reviews Nephrology | Year: 2013

The Cockcroft-Gault equation for estimating glomerular filtration rate has been learnt by every generation of medical students over the decades. Since the publication of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study equation in 1999, however, the supremacy of the Cockcroft-Gault equation has been relentlessly disputed. More recently, the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) consortium has proposed a group of novel equations for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The MDRD and CKD-EPI equations were developed following a rigorous process, are expressed in a way in which they can be used with standardized biomarkers of GFR (serum creatinine and/or serum cystatin C) and have been evaluated in different populations of patients. Today, the MDRD Study equation and the CKD-EPI equation based on serum creatinine level have supplanted the Cockcroft-Gault equation. In many regards, these equations are superior to the Cockcroft-Gault equation and are now specifically recommended by international guidelines. With their generalized use, however, it has become apparent that those equations are not infallible and that they fail to provide an accurate estimate of GFR in certain situations frequently encountered in clinical practice. After describing the processes that led to the development of the new GFR-estimating equations, this Review discusses the clinical situations in which the applicability of these equations is questioned. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Paoli L.,Jean Monnet University
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis | Year: 2010

We consider a discrete mechanical system with a non-trivial mass matrix, subjected to perfect unilateral constraints described by the geometrical inequalities. We assume that the transmission of the velocities at impact is governed by Newton's Law with a coefficient of restitution e = 0 (so that the impact is inelastic). We propose a time-discretization of the second order differential inclusion describing the dynamics, which generalizes the scheme proposed in Paoli (J Differ Equ 211:247-281, 2005) and, for any admissible data, we prove the convergence of approximate motions to a solution of the initial-value problem. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Morin J.B.,Jean Monnet University
Medicine and science in sports and exercise | Year: 2011

We transposed the concept of effectiveness of force application used in pedaling mechanics to calculate the ratio of forces (RF) during sprint running and tested the hypothesis that field sprint performance was related to the technical ability to produce high amounts of net positive horizontal force. This ability represents how effectively the total force developed by the lower limbs is applied onto the ground, despite increasing speed during the acceleration phase. Twelve physically active male subjects (including two sprinters) performed 8-s sprints on a recently validated instrumented treadmill, and a 100-m sprint on an athletics track. Mean vertical (FV), net horizontal (FH), and total (FTot) ground reaction forces measured at each step during the acceleration allowed computation of the RF as FH/FTot and an index of force application technique (DRF) as the slope of the RF-speed linear relationship from the start until top speed. Correlations were tested between these mechanical variables and field sprint performance variables measured by radar: mean and top 100-m speeds and 4-s distance. Significant (r > 0.731; P < 0.01) correlations were obtained between DRF and 100-m performance (mean and top speeds; 4-s distance). Further, FH was significantly correlated (P < 0.05) to field sprint performance, but FTot and FV were not. Force application technique is a determinant factor of field 100-m sprint performance, which is not the case for the amount of total force subjects are able to apply onto the ground. It seems that the orientation of the total force applied onto the supporting ground during sprint acceleration is more important to performance than its amount.

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